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28 UN Reprimands for Intersex Genital Mutilations – and Counting ...

[ Last updated 13.11.2017 ]

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookThis reguarly updated list collects all reprimands by UN Treaty bodies condemning Intersex Genital Mutilations as a serious violation of non-derogable human rights.

The current count is 28 UN Treaty body reprimands for IGM practices to 17 countries in Europe (9 countries), South America (2), Asia (2), Africa (2) and Oceania (2).

The following is a breakdown of all current reprimands, including the Convention articles and General comments referred to, and links to all binding recommendations in full, followed by total statistic overviews per year, region/country and Treaty body/Convention:

          TABLE OF CONTENTS:
              1.  IGM Practices: UN Reprimands by Treaty Body, Year and Country
    
       2.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Year
    
       3.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Region and Country
    
       4.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Treaty Body / Convention

1.  IGM Practices: UN Reprimands by Treaty Body, Year and Country

• Committee against Torture (CAT)
   “Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”
(CAT art. 2, 12, 14, 16)
   [General comments No. 2 (implementation of art. 2) + No. 3 (implementation of art. 14)]
   2011: Germany
   2015: Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Hong Kong
   2016: France

• Committee on the Right of the Child (CRC)
   "Harmful practice”
(CRC art. 24(3) in conjunction with General comment No. 18):
   2015: Switzerland, Chile
   2016: France, Ireland, UK, Nepal, New Zealand, South Africa
   2017: Denmark 

• Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
   "Exploitation, violence and abuse"
(CRPD art. 16), "integrity of the person” (art. 17):
   2015: Germany
   2016: Chile, Italy, Uruguay 
   2017: UK, Morocco

• Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
   “Harmful practice”
(CEDAW art. 5 in conjunction with General recommendation No. 31):
   2016: France, Switzerland, Netherlands
   2017: Germany, Ireland  

• Human Rights Committee (HRCttee – CCPR)
   “Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”, “harmful practice”,
   “non-consensual medical or scientific experimentation“
(CCPR art. 3, 7, 24, 26)
   2017: Switzerland, Australia 

2.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Year

2011:   1
2012:   0
2013:   0
2014:   0
2015:   7
2016: 13
2017:   7

3.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Region and Country

Europe (9 countries, 19 reprimands):
Switzerland (4 reprimands), France (3), Germany (3), Ireland (2), UK (2), Denmark (2), Austria (1), Italy (1), Netherlands (1)

South America (2 contries, 3 reprimands):
Chile (2 reprimands), Uruguay (1)

Asia (2 countries, 2 reprimands):
Hong Kong (1 reprimand), Nepal (1)

Africa (2 countries, 2 reprimands):
South Africa (1 reprimand), Morocco (1)

Oceania (2 countries, 2 reprimands):
New Zealand (1 reprimand), Australia (1)

4.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Treaty Body / Convention

Committee on the Right of the Child (CRC): 9
Committee against Torture (CAT): 6
Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): 6
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW): 5
Human Rights Committee (HRCttee – CCPR): 2

Hermaphrodites With Attitude, Boston 26.10.1996This list was first published on IAD 2016: On 26 October, Intersex People, Survivors, Partners, Families, Friends and Allies around the globe celebrate Intersex Awareness Day, commemorating the very first INTERSEX PROTEST in Boston in 1996 against the Annual Convention of the American Academy of Padiatrics (AAP), and in support of over 20 Years of Organised Struggle to End INTERSEX GENITAL MUTILATIONS.

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)