STOP Intersex Genital Mutilations in Children's Clinics!

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Thursday 30 March 2017

Mutilateurs des bébés intersexes à Luxembourg: «Je ne suis pas un monstre!» - Le Quotidien, 21.03.2017


>>> «Dossier: Intersexe», "Le Quotidien" 21.03.2017 (PDF, 439 kb)
par Audrey Somnard.

«Je ne suis pas un monstre!» Selon le Dr Witsch [Centre Hopsitalier de Luxembourg (CHL)], ce sont les parents qui «n'acceptent pas la situation et veulent à tout prix une opération. […] Refuser catégoriquement l'opération ne ferait que les pousser ailleurs, voire encourager des actes de mutilation génitale comme cela se passe en Afrique par exemple.» (p. 2)

Yolande Wagener, chef de division à la direction de la Santé: «Il n'existe pas de recommandation médicale, de cadre légal au Luxembourg. Il n'y a à ma connaissance aucune intervention pratiquée sur les bébés à la naissance au Grand-Duché, ce type d'intervention est pratiqué à l'étranger.» (p. 2)

• Journées Intersexes 2017 – Santé, Education et Droits humains à Luxembourg
   >>> Programme | Volant (PDF)

L'ONU condamne les mutilations génitales sur les bébés intersexes (MGI)
Le Parlament Européen condamne les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes
Mutilations Intersexes : « Seule la peur du juge va bouger les choses »
C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI

Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: L'ONU-CRC réprimande la France! 
UN-CEDAW réprimande la France – pour la 3e fois: MGI = “Pratique préjudiciable”

Saturday 11 March 2017

There we go (1): EU condemns "genital mutilation affecting intersex persons", calls "to prevent, ban and prosecute"

 >>> Français     >>> Deutsch  

Photo: Intersex Protest vs. "AWMF D$D Guidelines" + "Ja-Ped 2014" , Leipzig 08.11.2014

Heidi Walcutt (1997): 'STOP Intersex Genital Mutilation'

Hip, hip! As proposed by the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (FEMME), the EU Parliament adopted a ground-breaking >>> “European Parliament resolution of 14 February 2017 on promoting gender equality in mental health and clinical research (2016/2096(INI))” | PDF

This is arguably the 1st time ever an elected parliament explicitly refers to Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM) and – together with FGM (!) – unmistakably urges “to prevent, ban and prosecute” !

From this blog a heartfelt thank-you to everybody involved!

The following are the relevant paagraphs of the Resolution 2016/2096(INI) on FGM and IGM (additional paras addressing intersex see below):

“The European Parliament,

[...]

BB.  whereas women and girls who are subjected to female genital mutilation are exposed to serious short- and long-term effects on their physical, psychological, sexual and reproductive health;

BC.  whereas intersex persons subject to genital mutilation also experience effects on their physical, psychological and sexual and reproductive health;

[...]

61.  Calls on the Member States to prevent, ban and prosecute female genital mutilation and genital mutilation affecting intersex persons, and to provide mental health support, in conjunction with physical care, to victims and to those individuals likely to be targeted;
[...]”

(This EU Resolution initiated by the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (FEMME) is in line with the Resolution of the German 24th Conference of Ministers for Women’s Issues and Equality (GFMK) which in 2014 also explicitly called for a “legal ban of medically unnecessary surgical and pharmacological [...] interventions on intersex minors,” explicitly referring to the need of intersex children for similar protection against sterilisation (§ 1631c BGB) and female genital mutilation (§ 226a StGB) that other children and girls already enjoy, but intersex children don't (see >>> 2015 CRPD Intersex NGO Report (PDF), p. 19).

In addition, the Resolution 2016/2096(INI) of the European Parliament further addresses intersex people also in its paras on forced sterilisation, intersectional discrimination and specific mental health issues, again calling to prevent, ban and prosecute or to develop specific prevention strategies and to ensure acces to mental health services respectively. The following are the relevant paragraphs of the Resolution 2016/2096(INI) on these issues:

“The European Parliament,

[...]

M.  whereas in particular lesbian and bisexual women, as well as transgender and intersex persons, face specific mental health issues arising from minority stress, defined as the high levels of anxiety and stress caused by prejudice, stigmatisation and experience of discrimination, as well as medicalisation and pathologisation; whereas LGBTI people may face specific mental health and wellbeing challenges which must be taken into account in any mental health strategy;

[...]

AG.  [...]; whereas there is a lack of research on the specific needs of intersex women;

[...]

20.  Calls on the Commission, the Member States and local authorities to develop specific tailored policies in order to provide mental health services to groups of vulnerable women in marginalised communities and to those facing intersectional discrimination, such as refugee and migrant women, women facing poverty and social exclusion, intersex and transgender persons, ethnic minority women, women with disabilities, older women, and women in rural areas;

[...]

41.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States:
       [...]
       (c)     to ensure that prevention strategies specifically target women who are at risk of intersectional discrimination such as Roma women, women with disabilities, lesbians and bisexual women, migrants and women refugees and women living in poverty, as well as transgender and intersex people;

[...]

47.  Calls on the Member States to prevent, ban and prosecute the forced sterilisation of women, a phenomenon that affects in particular women with disabilities, transgender and intersex persons, and Roma women;

[...]”

These are wonderful news from the EU Parliament! However, one questions remains: Considering that the EU ist still the world's largest funder of Intersex Genital Mutilation, how long will it take until this ground-breaking Resolution will be implemented by the member states?! To be continued ...

(Thanks to Benjamin Moron-Puech for the tip!)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Friday 10 March 2017

Et voilà (1): Union Européenne condamne "les mutilations génitales subies par les personnes intersexuées", demande de "prévenir, interdire et sanctionner"

>>> English     >>> German 

Manif intersexe + lettre ouverte contre "Haute Autorite de Santé (HAS)", 12.09.2016

Heidi Walcutt (1997): 'STOP Intersex Genital Mutilation'

Hourra! Comme proposé par le Comité des Droits de la femme et égalité des genres (FEMME), le Parlement UE a adopté une pionnière >>> “Résolution du Parlement européen du 14 février 2017 sur la promotion de l'égalité des genres en matière de santé mentale et de recherche clinique (2016/2096(INI)” | PDF
C'est sans doute la première fois jamais qu'un parlement élu fait explicitement référence aux Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (IGM) et - avec MGF (!) - clairement exhorte “à prévenir, interdire et sanctionner” !

De la part de StopIGM.org un chalereux merci à tous les intervenants!

Voici les paragraphes rélévantes de la Résolution 2016/2096(INI) sur MGF and MGI (voir ci-dessous les paragraphes supplémentaires addressant l'intersexuation):

Continue reading...

Monday 6 March 2017

“Harmful Practice”: Ireland and Germany sternly reprimanded by UN-CEDAW for Intersex Genital Mutilations - again!

Photo: UNHRC UPR #14, Geneva 20.10.2012

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Press Release by StopIGM.org, 06.03.2017:

During its 66th Session the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) examined Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM) in Ireland and Germany.

Today the Committee issued stern reprimands to both countries, explicitly recognising IGM as a “harmful practice” and calling for “legislative provisions”:

>>> Germany: CEDAW/C/DEU/CO/7-8, on intersex: paras 23-24 (PDF)
>>> Ireland:
CEDAW/C/IRL/CO/6-7, on intersex: paras 24-25 (PDF)

StopIGM.org warmly welcomes these renewed clear verdicts, marking
  • 22 UN reprimands for IGM practices so far
  •
already the 3rd reprimand for Germany
  •
already the 2nd reprimand for Ireland
  •
now 5 reprimands by CEDAW
  •
the 2nd time that CEDAW reprimanded more than one state in one session
  • 14 countries reprimanded
in Europe, South America, Asia, Oceania and Africa.

We particularly appreciate the Committee specifically obliging Germany to
  • “adopt clear legislative provisions explicitly prohibiting” IGM practices
  • “ensure effective access to justice, including by amending the statute of limitations”
 
  “provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support”,
as well as obliging Ireland to
  • “develop and implement an appropriate rights-based health-care protocol for intersex children.

THANK YOU to everybody who contributed to this extraordinary success!

The binding CEDAW66 intersex recommendations in full + session transcripts + NGO reports:

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Germany: 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Germany  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (519 kb)

>>> CEDAW66: Germany questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilatons
>>> CEDAW66 > Joint NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Germany 
>>> UN Press Release 20.02.2017: "Intersex Genital Mutilation in Germany"
>>> "Germany: The Practice of Intersex Genital Mutilation" - UN Press Release 21.02.2017

CEDAW66: Binding Intersex Recommendations for Germany:

>>> CEDAW/C/DEU/CO/7-8, on intersex: paras 23-24 (PDF)

“Harmful practices

23.  The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including the 47th Criminal Law Amendment Act of 2013 prohibiting female genital mutilation and the establishment of the Inter-Ministerial Working Group on Intersexuality/Transexuality (IMAG). However, the Committee is concerned about:

[...]

(d)  The lack of clear legislative provisions prohibiting unnecessary medical procedures to be performed on infants and children with indeterminate sex until they reach an age when they are able to provide their free, prior and informed consent;

(e)  Inadequate support and lack of effective remedies for intersex persons, who have undergone medically unnecessary surgical procedures, at a very early age, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in long term physical and psychological suffering..

24.  In light of the joint general recommendation/general comment No. 31 of the Committee and No. 18 of the Committee of the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), the Committee recommends that the State party:

[...]

(b)  Systematically collect disaggregated data on the incidence of harmful practices in the State party and continue to strengthen preventive and protection measures to eliminate female genital mutilation;

[...]

(d)  Adopt clear legislative provisions explicitly prohibiting the performance of unnecessary surgical or other medical treatment on intersex children until they reach an age when they can provide  their free, prior and informed consent; provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support; and ensure that the German Medical Association provides information to medical professionals on the legal prohibition of unnecessary surgical or other medical interventions for intersex children;

(e)  Ensure effective access to justice, including by amending the statute of limitations, for intersex persons who have undergone unnecessary surgical or other medical treatment without their free, prior and informed consent and consider the proposal by the German Ethics Council to establish a state compensation fund.
     

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Ireland: 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Ireland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (248 kb)

>>> CEDAW66: Ireland questioned over IGM
>>>
CEDAW66 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland
>>>
UN Press Release on Review of Ireland mentions "Intersex Genital Mutilation"
>>>
Communiqué de l'ONU > Mutilations Genitales Intersexes en Irlande

CEDAW66: Binding Intersex Recommendations for Ireland:

>>> CEDAW/C/IRL/CO/6-7, on intersex: paras 24-25 (PDF)

“Stereotypes and harmful practices

24.  The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices such as female genital mutilation following the adoption of the Criminal Justice (Female Genital Mutilation) Act in April 2012. The Committee is, however, concerned that:

[...]

(b)  Medically irreversible and unnecessary sex-assignment surgery and other treatments are performed on intersex children.

25.  The Committee recommends that the State party: 

[...]

(b)  Develop and implement an appropriate rights-based health-care protocol for intersex children, which ensures that children and their parents are properly informed of all options and that children are, to the greatest extent possible, involved in decision-making about medical interventions and that their choices are fully respected.    
  

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Sunday 5 March 2017

EU biggest funder of Intersex Genital Mutilation - how much longer?!

Unfortunately still bears repeating (7):

The EU is arguably the biggest funder of IGM perpetrators in the world, paying out millions and millions of Euros to 'research' projects run by well-known mutilators. On the other hand, for the victims of IGM the EU has only 'strong regrets', and fig leaf 'anti-discrimination initiatives'

For example the COST-funded 'D$Dnet' openly operates under the premise that IGM practices are A-OK, since intersex children 'may be extremely challenging for families and health care professionals', or prone to 'malignant development' ("Memorandum of Understanding", PDF --> p 4):

'DSDnet' consists of well-known IGM perpetrators and clinics from 28 nations around the globe including Germany, France, Egypt, Israel, Russia, Japan, Indonesia, Australia and the States. 'D$Dnet' is genetics-driven and promising to improve prenatal tests promising selective abortion of intersex babies.    >>> read more 

At 'D$Dnet', persons concerned and their organisations are 'consulted' by name only. Same goes for EU-funded 'DSD-Life', where the usual perpetrators themselves are handsomely paid to 'investigate' their own handiwork:

 Click to enlarge!
"D$D-Life":
6 Million Euro Intersex Perpetrators' 'Research' incl. 'Ethics Band Aid'
"Multidisciplinary Teams" =
Pedo Endos
('PädEndo') + Surgeons ('Chirurgie')
= Same since the beginning of systematic Intersex Genital Mutilations in 1950

The EU (and other involved states) not only allow such 'research' and the daily mutilations to continue, but actively support them – how much longer?!

Prohibition under Criminal Law and prolonging the statutes of limitations in order to allow adult IGM survivors to sue is the key to end Intersex Genital Mutilations!

Intersex people need strong legislation against all forms of IGM practices, access to redress and justice including review of statutes of limitations, and TRUTH & RECONCILIATION COMMISSIONS, also in the European Union – NOT 'D$D' perpetrators' 'research' and 'anti-discrimination' cover-ups!!

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Saturday 4 March 2017

France > Pas suffisant: Défenseur des droits publie avis sur l'intersexuation

>>> Article Tribune de Genève 

Interdire en droit pénal et adapter le délai de prescription pour permettre aux survivants d'avoir recours à la justice et aux réparations, c'est la clef pour éliminer les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes ! 

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookLes Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (MGI) en France constituent une "pratique préjudiciable" explicitement condamnée par les Comités de l'ONU des Droits de l’Enfant (CRC) et des Droits des Femmes (CEDAW) et un "traitement inhumain" explicitement condamné par le Comité contre la Torture (CAT).

Donc, >>> l'Avis 17-04 du Défenseur des droits est un pas dans la bonne direction, mais on est pas encore arrivés à destination:

• L'avis seulement constate que les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes sont condamnées par le Comité de l'ONU des Droits de l’Enfant (CRC) en “Grande Bretagne et à l’Irlande du Nord, au Népal, à l’Irlande et à la Suisse”. Mais le Comité des Droits de l’Enfant (CRC) a aussi condamné les mutilations génitales intersexes en France, tout comme les Comités contre la Torture (CAT) et des Droits des Femmes (CEDAW). Pourquoi c'est ignoré?

“DSD-Life” (en anglais) et les Centres de référence en France (PDF), que l'avis recommende de charger comme “point d’appui”, se composent de mutilateurs et sont incapables de faire des études désinteressées, ou d'actualiser le protocole/référentiel de diagnostic et de soins de 2002 dans l'esprit des droits humains.

«Les choses évoluent assez peu dans le monde médical.»
«A mon sens, seule la peur du juge pourra faire bouger les choses. Il faut prévoir un délai de prescription suffisant pour que les victimes puissent porter plainte à l’âge adulte.»
- Blaise Meyrat

Voir aussi:

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: 2015 CRC Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  Harmful Practice
>>>  Download (PDF 3.41 MB)

UN-CRC réprimande la France: MGI = "Pratique Préjudiciable" + "Violence"
Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC
 La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: 2016 CAT Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  Inhuman Treatment
>>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

UN-CAT réprimande la France: MGI = "Traitement Inhumain" + "Torture"
Le Comité de l' ONU contre la Torture questionne la France sur les MGI - Transcriptions
Mutilations Intersexes : « Seule la peur du juge va bouger les choses »
 
« En France, aucune loi protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes »
Communiqué de Presse de l'ONU aborde les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes en France
« Les médecins français ignorent consciemment les droits des enfants intersexes »
C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI

2016 CEDAW France NGO Intersex IGM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: 2016 CEDAW Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  Harmful Practice
>>>  Download (PDF 2.69 MB)

UN-CEDAW réprimande la France – pour la 3e fois: MGI = “Pratique préjudiciable” 
Transcription: La France questionnée sur les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes par CEDAW

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights
  
>>> Download PDF (831kb 

Wednesday 22 February 2017

CEDAW66 > VIDEO + FULL TRANSCRIPT: Germany Questioned by UN over Intersex Genital Mutilations – Embarassing Gov Excuses

>>> CEDAW66 > Joint NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Germany 
>>> UN Press Release 20.02.2017: "Intersex Genital Mutilation in Germany"
>>> "Germany: The Practice of Intersex Genital Mutilation" - UN Press Release 21.02.2017

UN-CEDAW 66th Session @ Palais des Nations 21.02.2017, 10:12h: Introductory statement by Head of German Delegation, Ms Elke Ferner, Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookToday it's the turn of Germany to be questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations at the 66th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on Tue 21 February 10-13h CET + 15-17h   >>> VIDEO Session one | two 
StopIGM.org was reporting LIVE
from Palais des Nations in Geneva, expecting tough questions and yet another reprimand for IGM at the end of the session on 3 March.

Session 1: 10-13h CET

11:21h: The session is well under way, questions to articles 3 + 4 of the Convention being answered, questions on art. 5 (harmful practices) coming up soon ...

11:54h (VIDEO @1:53): YAY!! CEDAW vice chair person and Committee expert Ruth Halperin-Kaddari (of CEDAW66 Ireland fame) just asked an extensive question on “IGM, namely Intersex Genital Mutilation” under "harmful practices” (art. 5), mentioning 1700 unnecessary procedures taking place annually in Germany, asking why the state is still "deliberating" compensation for survivors and steps to end the practice. :-)
Unofficial Transcript:

«I want to touch on a painful subject, that was also raised in the list of questions and issues, and that is the continuing practice of surgical procedures or other medical procedures performed on intersex infants, in an attempt to bring their physical appearance in line with the binary gender stereotypes, and in most of the times it is with the female stereotype.

This is sometimes referred to as IGM, namely Intersex Genital Mutilation, thus indicating the irreversible and often grave and lifelong consequences of the procedures which are not necessary and cannot be medically justified, and can in fact been postponed until such time, as the child is able to express his or her views on the subject. Various sources indicate that the number of these procedures is not decreasing, and as many as 1700 children are treated that way every year.

And yet there is only one counselling office in one Länder that is the Lower Saxony, and on the other hand your answers to the list of questions and issues indicate that you are aware of the problematic nature of this harmful practice, you set up an interministerial working group on intersexuality, transsexuality in 2014 and you described many deliberations, working papers, publications, including the involvement of the German Ethics Council.

So my questions are the following: One of the Ethic Council's recommendations was that gender determining operations when the affected person cannot decide for him- or herself are to be carried out only, if they are, and I'm quoting, "undeniably in the best interest of the child". But this is, in my view, circular. Who decides the best interest of the child in these cases?

The whole problem arises because the best interest as determined by the parents or by those with parental authority, is so often based on stereotypes. And without sufficient understanding of all the lifelong consequences, then why not adopt the principal that only clearly medically necessary life saving procedures are to be carried out?

And coming from the field of family law, I want to raise an option, that many countries had moved into introducing the legal concept, the concept of an independent legal representative for minors, lawyers for the children in issues that present challenges, perhaps conflicts between them and their parents or between them and the authorities. Why are you not considering the employment of such mechanisms.

Lastly, the Ethics Council had also recommended setting up a compensation fund, but your replies indicate that this, and I quoting again, "requires careful examination". My question is simply why does it require careful consideration, and not set it up immediately? Thank you.»

12:16h (@2:14): German Head of Delegation Elke Ferner (Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ)) answers on “erm, erm, eh, intersexuality” – regarding criminalisation and compensation the German government is still “erm, discussing”.   :-(
Inofficial Transcript (simultaneous translation from German – minus the stutters):

«The question about intersex children and surgery. We have made a small step forward, now there is a new treatment guideline. It says that irreversible interventions that are not medically necessary, excuse me, I think Frau Blomeyer can add more professionally to that, but so if these interventions are not necessary medically they cannot be carried out before the child is legally able to consent.

I think it's a bit more complicated in the German system, because physicians are no longer allowed to carry out these surgeries due to their professional codex because we always want to be up to date, and that's why it is not legally regulated, we leave it all to the medical profession to decide in their specialties what is state of the art.

And it's clear intersexuality is not a disease and therefore there is no medical need for these irreversible interventions. Of course there need to be exceptions, for example if the child's benefit is at stake, if it's a young person who is suicidal for example, then that might be an exception, but otherwise the physicians would commit an offense if they'd carry out this surgery.

In addition, we support Pro Familia projects, we're trying to better inform parents. We are instructing them, we are informing them, telling them that it's not a bad thing to be intersex even though it's not the norm, but that it's no reason to put your child through an irreversible surgery, just because the sex cannot been immediately be determined.

And the recommendation about further temporary measures whether they are necessary, in criminal court or in civil court, the government is debating about that, also about whether a compensation fund should be introduced or not.»

12:30h (@2:28): Ruth Halperin-Kaddari follows up on IGM, again stressing compensation ... YAY!!  :-) Unofficial Transcript:

«I would just like to clarify, if I understood correctly, because the responses were received by us in November 2016, so these guidelines that you had quoted from are more recent than that? When were they adopted?

And then secondly, what about the possibility of establishing a fund for compensating those individuals who had undergone such medically unnecessary procedures in the past and suffer form those consequences? Thank you.»

12:31h (@2:30): Also Committee expert and country rapporteur for Germany Patricia Schulz follows up on IGM, asking about prohibition under criminal law ...  YAY!!  :-)
Unofficial Transcript:

«Second question regarding intersex persons. Listening to you I was under the impression that nothing would actually prevent your moving from the Behandlungs- – from the guidelines to a clear explicit prohibition in the criminal code, since it's not a medical – you said it, there's not – it's not an illness, and if you want to prevent those operations from happening with irreversible consequences, maybe the criminal court could be a way?»

12:36h (@2:36): German Head of delegation Elke Ferner again (non-)answers on intersex, claiming IGM would be illegal anyways ...  :-( Unofficial Transcript (simultaneous translation from German):

«Now I would like to ask Frau Blomeyer from our delegation to respond to Mrs. Kaddari's questions about the guidelines, but if physicians treat against the guidelines it's bodily harm, so they can be persecuted for or punished for bodily harm and they all know this.

It's similar to the section 218, the abortion section in the criminal law. There women – it was tried to prevent people to abort fetuses by making the physicians – giving them the burden of the offense.

So now we need to see how we regulate this particular issue, but Frau Blomeyer will be better able to explain this to you and give you information about the circumstances of adopting theses guidelines.»

12:41h (@2:41): Delegation member Ina-Marie Blomeyer (BMFSFJ Unit 215 “Same-sexual lifestyles, gender identity") further (non-)answers on intersex, again claiming medical guidelines would be identical to criminal prohibition (which the German NHRI explicitly declares as wrong in their report for the session --> PDF p. 8 + fn 17)  ...  :-( Unofficial Transcript:

«Thank you Madame Chair, Ms. Ferner. Concerning the guidelines for medical experts from the summer 2016. They include that surgical intervention for intersex children must not be performed before the children themselves can give their consent, so before they're able to give their consent, and on the same time their families, their parents should be peer counselled.

So when you see these guidelines in combination with the regulations, our German Civil Code that includes the sterilisation ban, and also the German Criminal Code with regard to FGM, and we have the current legislative situation that surgical interventions which are not necessary are prohibited in Germany.

The interministerial working group dealt with this in great detail, the outcome paper is expected in the summer of 2017 according to the current status of discussion.

We - our tendency is based on the legislative situation and survey that we've conducted, so we believe that it is important to have a mandatory counselling mechanism.

We want to ensure that all parents of intersex children receive counselling, so this does not mean that a surgical intervention, that - well this ensures that surgical intervention that aims at making the appearance of the child more male or female is prohibited already.

So the interministerial working group dealt with that and addressed this issue and as I've said we are still expecting the outcome paper, but there is also a legal expert report and opinion on the situation of trans and intersex people, and one of the results of this opinion is that because of the short time of expiry and limitation claims of compensation have usually expired.

So we would really have to go into this and find out how this can be solved. There's no conclusive result yet.»

12:47h (@2:46): CEDAW country rapporteur Patricia Schulz again follows up on prohibition of IGM ... YAY!!  :-) Unofficial Transcript:

«Yes, a very short question regarding, coming back to intersex persons. I mean, if I understand rightly, you have the necessary legal background to prevent those operations from taking place. The statistics we have been given from alternative sources refer to 1700 cases per year a no diminution. So how can we put together the legal background that you refer to and this reality? Thank you.»

12:48h (@2:47): German Head of Delegation Elke Ferner claims again prohibition on IGM to be already in place (flasely claiming the non-binding medical guidelines were intalled “at the end of 2016 only”, instead of in summer 2016), so now first they'll have to wait for the 2017 statistics, and if IGM still doesn't decrease, they'd have to “talk to the doctors again” ... :-o Unofficial Transcript (simultaneous translation from German):

«Miss Blomeyer just said that the directive was enforced in – at the end of 2016 only.

So, once we have the figures for 2017 at the end of the year or in early 2018, once we have the figures for 2017, we will be able to see whether the numbers still haven't diminished.

And if that is the case, we will have to get in touch with the medical associations again, because we assume that the surgical interventions that have been taken place so far, were not all necessary to save lives.»

12:52h: Moving on to the 2nd part of the convention, trans persons ...

Session 2: 15-17h CET

16:48h (@1:47): Ruth Halperin-Kaddari follows up once more on IGM, criticises “evasive answers”, and that Germany could be expected to do better ...YAY!!  :-) Unofficial Transcript:

«And I have to express also the wonder, this is related to the question that I raised in the morning session about the possibility of allocating a compensation fund to people who had previously undergone the intersex surgery involuntarily and the recommendation that was given to compensate them, and again, the answer was somehow evasive of the issues, and with all due respect, I think Germany is a country from which we can expect some - I'm sorry for missing the proper word, but going forward in these cases, even if the strict letter of the law maybe is not necessarily required that.»

16:56h (@1:55): German Head of delegation Elke Ferner once more declares she can't say more on compensation because of “ongoing discussions” ... :-( Unofficial Transcript (simultaneous translation from German):

«Regarding the compensation fund for victims of non-reversible surgeries, like I already said, we are at the moment still deliberating within the inter-ministerial working group, we are still discussing whether there will be such a fund. We simply haven't arrived at a decision yet, so that is why I'm unable to give a very specific answer to your question today.»

>>> CEDAW66 > Joint NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Germany 
>>> UN Press Release 20.02.2017: "Intersex Genital Mutilation in Germany"
>>> "Germany: The Practice of Intersex Genital Mutilation" - UN Press Release 21.02.2017  

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Germany: StopIGM.org 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Germany  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (519 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Tuesday 21 February 2017

"Germany: The Practice of Intersex Genital Mutilation" - UN Press Release 21.02.2017

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> UN Press Release: «[...] Germany was asked to explain what was being done to prohibit the practice of intersex genital mutilation on infants – still carried on some 1,700 children every year - and postpone this irreversible surgery until the child was old enough to give consent. [...]

Questions from the Experts

[...] Another Expert raised concern about the continued practice of intersex genital mutilation on infants, which could not be justified and must be postponed until the child was old enough to express his or her wishes.  This procedure was carried on some 1,700 intersex children every year. 

Who decided the best interest of the child in such cases?  Germany should adopt the provision which would authorise only life-saving procedures until the child was old enough, and also consider the use of the mechanism of the child advocate. [...]

Responses by the Delegation

[....] Small steps forward had been taken in relation to the practice of intersex genital mutilation.  The care guidance had been issued which prohibited all irreversible medical interventions prior to the child coming of an age to express consent.  The exception was a life-saving procedure, or the best interest of the child, for example if a child was suicidal. [...] The delegation said that Germany was still discussing whether to establish a fund for the compensation of victims of intersex genital mutilation.»
  

>>> VIDEO + TRANSCRIPT: Germany Questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations
>>>
CEDAW66 > Joint NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Germany  

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Germany: StopIGM.org 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Germany  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (519 kb)

Monday 20 February 2017

CEDAW66 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Germany - Joint Statement by StopIGM.org and OII Germany

>>> German

>>> VIDEO + TRANSCRIPT: UN-CEDAW Questions Germany over IGM Practices
>>> UN Press Release 20.02.2017: "Intersex Genital Mutilation in Germany"
>>> "Germany: The Practice of Intersex Genital Mutilation" - UN Press Release 21.02.2017

UN-CEDAW 66th Session, 20.02.2017: Intersex human rights defenders (l.t.r.) Ins A Kromminga (OII Germany),
Claudia Kasper (StopIGM.org), Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org) after the NGO briefing. Photo: Markus Bauer.

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookAt the 66th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Germany is to be reviewed on its track record of the implementation of women's rights on Tue 21 February 2017.  >>> Video + Intersex Transcript

Beforehand Intersex NGOs had a possibility to brief CEDAW.
>>> VIDEO: Archived livecast of the entire NGO briefing 

The 2-minutes StopIGM.org and OII Germany Joint oral statement (PDF) on IGM practices in Germany:

Claudia Kasper (StopIGM.org) (@12min):

“Thank you, Madame Chair.

I'm a German intersex person and an IGM survivor. As a child I had trouble sitting down because it hurt between my legs. As a teenager I was forced to take hormones, causing chronic inflammation of my genital and foul-smelling discharge.

I never had a sexual relationship. I never had access to my medical record.
I never had a chance to justice. Many of my peers have it even worse.

As shown in our reports [1], in Germany all forms of Intersex Genital Mutilation persist, paid for by the state, including selective abortion, prenatal therapy and denial of needed health care.

New studies [2] prove the number of genital surgeries and sterilising procedures did not decrease, with partial clitoris amputations most common on children under one year.

IGM in Germany has already been considered by CAT and CRPD as “ill-treatment”, urging the State party to “adopt legal provisions in order to provide redress to the victims”. [3]

Also this Committee [4] already considered IGM as a “harmful practice”, referring to the CEDAW-CRC Joint general recommendation 31.

For more than 20 years [5] all the government does is talk and talk. As intersex persons and IGM survivors we finally want to see actions, including on prohibition under criminal law, access to redress and justice, and abolition of statutes of limitations.

Thank you for listening.”

[1] StopIGM.org (for the session):
     http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/2017-CEDAW-Germany-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM.pdf
     OII Germany (for the session):
     http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CEDAW/Shared%20Documents/DEU/INT_CEDAW_NGO_DEU_26315_E.pdf
     StopIGM.org (for PSWG):
     http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/2016-CEDAW-Germany-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM.pdf
     StopIGM.org (oral statement PSWG):
     http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/PSWG-CEDAW66-Germany-NGO-Statement-StopIGMorg-DTruffer.pdf
[2] Ulrike Klöppel: Zur Aktualität kosmetischer Operationen „uneindeutiger“ Genitalien im Kindesalter. ZtG Texte 42:
     https://www.gender.hu-berlin.de/de/publikationen/gender-bulletins/texte-42/kloeppel-2016_zur-aktualitaet-kosmetischer-genitaloperationen
     Anike Krämer (M.A.), Prof. Dr. Katja Sabisch, Dr. med. Jörg Woweries: Varianten der Geschlechtsentwicklung –
     die Vielfalt der Natur. Kinder- und Jugendarzt. 47. Jg. (2016) Nr. 5/16: http://www.vlsp.de/files/pdf/kraemer2016.pdf
[3] C
AT/C/DEU/CO/5, para 20; CRPD/C/DEU/CO/1, paras 37-38.
[4] CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5 paras 38-39; CEDAW/C/FRA/CO/7-8, paras 17e-f+18e-f;
     CEDAW/C/NLD/CO/6 paras 21-22, 23-24.
[5] StopIGM.org: NGO Report CRPD Germany 2015, p. 17-19: http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/2015-CRPD-LoI-Germany_NGO-Report_Zwischengeschlecht_Intersex-IGM.pdf

UN-CEDAW 66th Session @ Palais des Nations, 20.02.2017: Intersex human rights defenders Ins A Kromminga
(OII Germany), Claudia Kasper (StopIGM.org), Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org). Photo: Markus Bauer.

>>> VIDEO + TRANSCRIPT: UN-CEDAW Questions Germany over IGM Practices
>>> UN Press Release 20.02.2017: "Intersex Genital Mutilation in Germany"
>>> "Germany: The Practice of Intersex Genital Mutilation" - UN Press Release 21.02.2017

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Germany: StopIGM.org 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Germany  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (519 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

"Intersex Genital Mutilation in Germany as a Harmful Treatment" - UN Press Release 20.02.2017

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> UN Press Release: «Germany [...] A representative of the Non-governmental Organization Coalition on behalf of StopIGM.org and OII Germany said that all forms of intersex genital mutilation persisted in Germany, supported by public funds.  Several human rights treaty bodies considered intersex genital mutilation in Germany as a harmful treatment and urged Germany to prohibit the practice in the criminal law, ensure access to justice to survivors, and lift the statute of limitations.»   >>> Full Joint Statement 

>>> VIDEO + TRANSCRIPT: Germany Questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations
>>>
CEDAW66 > Joint NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Germany 

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Germany: StopIGM.org 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Germany  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (519 kb)

Saturday 18 February 2017

CEDAW66 > UN Press Release on Review of Ireland mentions "Intersex Genital Mutilation"

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> The UN press release on the review of Ireland by the Committee on the Elimination of the Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) summarises the question on Intersex Genital Mutilations by CEDAW expert Ruth Halperin-Kaddari, as well as the embarrassing (non-)reply by Irish delegate Kieran Smyth (Department of Health):

« Questions by Experts

On stereotypes and harmful practices [...] 

Intersex genital mutilation was still practiced in Ireland, causing life-long pain and suffering.  Ireland had been asked to prohibit that harmful practice, so what was the current status?  What measures were being taken to eradicate female genital mutilation, including the adoption of a plan as proposed by civil society organizations? [....]

Replies by the Delegation

Responding to questions on stereotypes and harmful practices [...] Every year, two to three intersex children were born, who were transferred to specialist hospitals for detailed assessment and support to the parents.  Only medically necessary treatments, which might include surgery, were performed; any other surgeries were undertaken only with the full consensus of medical experts and the parents. [...]»

>>> FULL TRANSCRIPT: Ireland questioned by CEDAW on IGM practices – Gov denies!
>>>
CEDAW66 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland
>>>
Communiqué de l'ONU > Mutilations Genitales Intersexes en Irlande

>>> "Harmful Practice": UN-CRC Reprimands Ireland for Intersex Genital Mutilations

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Ireland: 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Ireland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (248 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

CEDAW66 > TRANSCRIPT: Ireland Questioned by UN over Intersex Genital Mutilations – Gov Denies – Again!

>>> CEDAW66 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland
>>>
UN Press Release on Review of Ireland mentions "Intersex Genital Mutilation"
>>>
Communiqué de l'ONU > Mutilations Genitales Intersexes en Irlande

UN-CEDAW 66th Session @ Palais des Nations 15.02.2017, 09:51h: Getting ready ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookToday it's the turn of Ireland to be questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations at the 66th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on Wed 15 February 10-13h CET + 15-17h CET   >>> archived webcast 
StopIGM.org was reporting LIVE
from Palais des Nations in Geneva, expecting tough questions, and yet another reprimand for IGM at the end of the session on 3 March.

Session 1: 10-13h

10:50h: YAY!! CEDAW Committee expert Ruth Halperin-Kaddari just asked a question on “IGM” under "harmful practices” (art. 5), calling “IGM ... the practice of non consensual involuntary surgical and other treatment to "masculinise" or "feminise" intersex children” a “very disturbing phenomenon ... still practiced in ireland ... causing lifelong pain and suffering”, which “other UN bodies have recognised as harmful practices” and called Ireland “to eradicate”it. :-) Unofficial Transcription:

«Another very disturbing phenomenon that comes from stereotypes and entrenched gender identities is the – what seems to be still ongoing in Ireland and – is the practice of IGM, namely the non-consensual or involuntary surgical or other medical intervention to quote unquote "masculinise" or "feminise" intersex children, so as to assign them to one specific sex, and it's still practiced in Ireland as we understand causing lifelong pain and suffering for many children. It was recognised by other human rights treaty bodies as harmful practices and Ireland was called to eradicate this practice. Please inform us on any steps in that direction.

Another harmful practice which Ireland seems to be tackling rather well but still I have a question about that, is the FGM the Female Genital Mutilation […] »

12:08h: Irish delegate Kieran Smyth (Principal Officer, Department of Health, Research & Development and Health Analytics Division, Dublin) just "replied" to the question on IGM with the obligatory gov denial ... rejecting the term IGM ... claiming only 2-3 cases “with ambiguity” per year at Our Lady's Children's Hospital ... “only medically necessary surgery” would take place after “unanimous decision” by medical team and parents in the “best interest” of the child ... :-( Unofficial Transcription:

«I'd in fact like to turn to the issue of intersex more correctly used terminology rather than IGM. Intersex is a umbrella term to denote a number of different variations in bodily characteristics that do not match strict medical definitions of male or female.

Approximately 2 to 3 children per year are born in Ireland with ambiguous genitalia. These neonates are commonly referred to Our Lady's Children's Hospital, as it is the centre with a full range of specialists to assist with the diagnoses of the cause of the ambiguity. The hospital counsels parents and supports them in every way while the interdisciplinary team carries out a full assessment.

Only when all the facts are known does the hospital sit down with the family and work out what is the best interest now and into the future for the child. These meetings involve a senior paediatric endocrinologist, a senior paediatric urologist, the parents with the support from social worker and psychologist. Consent is taken as part of the consent protocols for the children's hospitals and this would include a discussion of the risks and benefits of the proposed treatments and alternatives.

It is very important to emphasise that only medically necessary treatment which may include surgery will be performed. The decision for any medically necessary surgery to be performed  will only be taken after a unanimous decision of the consultants and of the parents.

I'd now like to turn to the separate, entirely separate issue of Female Genital Mutilation [...]»

>>> "Harmful Practice": UN-CRC Reprimands Ireland for Intersex Genital Mutilations
>>>
CEDAW66 > UN Press Release on Ireland mentions "Intersex Genital Mutilation"
>>> CEDAW66 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland
>>>
CEDAW66 > Communiqué de l'ONU > Mutilations Genitales Intersexes en Irlande

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Ireland: 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Ireland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (248 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Wednesday 15 February 2017

Communiqué de l'ONU > Mutilations Genitales Intersexes en Irlande

UN-CEDAW 66ième Session @ Palais des Nations, 13.02.2017: Daniela Truffer avant l'audition des ONG.

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> Communiqué de presse de l'ONU du 13.02.2017:

« Le Comité pour l'élimination de la discrimination à l'égard des femmes auditionne la société civile sur la situation dans quatre pays

[...] StopIGM a considéré que les mutilations génitales étaient pratiquées régulièrement en Irlande, notamment à l’encontre des personnes intersexuées. »

>>> NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland (13.02.2017)

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Ireland: 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Ireland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (248 kb)

CEDAW66 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland

UN-CEDAW 66th Session @ Palais des Nations, 13.02.2017: Committee experts arriving for the NGO meeting ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookAt the 66th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Ireland is to be reviewed on its track record of the implementation of women's rights on Wed 15 February 2017. Beforehand NGOs had the possibility to brief CEDAW (>>> archived livecast of the entire briefing).

The 1-minute oral statement (PDF) on IGM practices in Ireland:

Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org) (@ 30:27):

“Thank you, Madame Chair.

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Ireland have already been considered by CRC [1] as a “harmful practice”. Personal stories from Ireland prove that IGM causes lifelong severe pain and suffering.

As substantiated in our report [2], in Ireland all forms of IGM practices persist, advocated and paid for by the public Health Service Executive (HSE), and perpetrated in public university and children's hospitals with impunity, including partial clitoris amputation, “vaginoplasty” and sterilising procedures.

To this day, there is no law in Ireland to protect intersex children from IGM. The Irish Government simply denies this is a human rights issue, but claims, and I quote, “these decisions are taken on a medical basis”. [3]

This Committee [4] has already considered IGM as a “harmful practice”, referring to the Joint General Recommendation 31. This we're also asking for Ireland.

Thank you.”

[1] CRC/C/IRL/CO/3-4, paras 39-40
[2] http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/2017-CEDAW-Ireland-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM.pdf
[3] CRC 71st Session, 14 January 2016, see transcription: http://stop.genitalmutilation.org/post/Geneva-Ireland-Questioned-over-Intersex-Genital-Mutilations-by-UN-Committee-on-the-Rights-of-the-Child
[4] CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5 paras 38-39; CEDAW/C/FRA/CO/7-8, paras 17e-f+18e-f; CEDAW/C/NLD/CO/6 paras 21-22, 23-24

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Ireland: 2017 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Ireland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (248 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT): IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Saturday 11 February 2017

Intersex Protests London 24-28 March, UN and more

Intersex NGO Reports by StopIGM.org for the 66th Session of the UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW) + CAT60

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookNewsletter 1/2017 by StopIGM.org, 12 February 2017:

  1. Intersex Protests London 24-28 March
  2. UN-CEDAW to investigate IGM in Ireland, Germany 13-21 Feb
  3. BanFGM Conference condemns IGM
  4. UN-CRC to investigate IGM in Denmark
  5. UN-CAT to investigate IGM in New Zealand, Luxemburg
  6. Intersex Protests Copenhagen 29 June – 1 July

Dear friends of the Intersex Movement

1. Intersex Protests London 24-28 March

SAVE THE DATE: 24-28 March the "European Association of Urology (EAU)" and 13 more international urology bodies will gather in London for the "32nd EAU2017 Annual Congress", where IGM perpetrators from around the globe will advocate various forms of Intersex Genital Mutilations, and present the "EAU Hans Marberger Award 2017" in honour of the infamous Austrian amputator of "enlarged clitorises". StopIGM.org will organise non-violent protests against the "EAU2017" and local IGM perpetrators and enablers.

2. UN-CEDAW to investigate IGM in Ireland, Germany 13-21 Feb

The UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) will investigate IGM practices in Ireland and Germany during its 66th session in Geneva. StopIGM.org submitted thematic NGO reports, substantiating the ongoing practice in both countries despite government denials. The reviews of Ireland (Wed 15 Feb from 10:00h CET) and Germany (Tue 21 Feb from 10:00h CET) and other public hearings will be transmitted live. For more info, see intersex.shadowreport.org. We are expecting CEDAW to sternly reprimand both countries for harmful practices against intersex children at the end of the 66th session (3 March).

3. BanFGM Conference condemns IGM

StopIGM.org's Daniela Truffer was invited to the international BanFGM Conference organised by No Peace without Justice (NPWJ) and the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC) in Rome 30 Jan – 1 Feb to talk on "Combatting Intersex Genital Mutilation". The presentation was very well received, and as a result the Final Declaration of the Conference co-signed by African and Italian Ministers and international human rights representatives explicitly mentioned "intersex genital mutilations". For more info, see StopIGM.org.

4. UN-CRC to investigate IGM in Denmark

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) drafted questions for Denmark during its 76th Pre-Sessional Working Group (6 – 10 Feb). StopIGM.org submitted a thematic NGO report substantiating the ongoing practice in Denmark despite government pinkwashing, and is expecting tough questions on IGM practices for Denmark to be published soon. For more infos see intersex.shadowreport.org.

5. UN-CAT to investigate IGM in New Zealand, Luxemburg

During its 60th session (17 April – 12 May) the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) will draft questions for New Zealand and Luxemburg. StopIGM.org submitted reports substantiating the practice in both countries to be published at a later date, and is expecting tough questions on IGM for both states.

6. Intersex Protests Copenhagen 29 June – 1 July

SAVE THE DATE: 29 June – 1 July "I-DSD" in collaboration with "DSDnet" will organise the "6th International DSD Symposium" at the well-know IGM perpetrator clinic "Rigshospitalet (University of Copenhagen)". StopIGM.org will organise non-violent protests.


The international intersex human rights NGO StopIGM.org demands the prohibition of forced genital surgeries on children and adolescents with Variations of Sex Anatomy and "Human Rights for Hermaphrodites too!"

Persons concerned shall later decide themselves, if they want surgeries or not, and if yes, which.

Kind regards

Daniela "Nella" Truffer, Markus Bauer
Founding members human rights NGO Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org

Mobile +41 (0) 76 398 06 50
Mobile +41 (0) 78 829 12 60

presse_at_zwischengeschlecht.info

http://StopIGM.org

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Saturday 4 February 2017

«Intersex activist urges ban on "genital mutilation" on children» - Reuters 31.01.2017

Intersex activist Daniela Truffer at the BanFGM conference in Rome, Italy, January 31, 2017. Photo: Emma Batha

“She told the BanFGM conference in Rome that there were parallels between IGM and FGM [...].”

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> Press agency report by Emma Batha for the Thomson Reuters Foundation republished around the world on occasion of StopIGM.org's Daniela Truffer presenting on “Combatting intersex genital mutilation” during Session IV, which also covered medicalisation of FGM (>>> Programme PDF p. 5–6) at the international BanFGM Conference in Rome, called for by the Dakar Ministerial Sub-regional Consultation and organised by No Peace Without Justice and the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, in partnership with the African Women’s Forum, the Crans Montana Forum, Women Empower the World, AMREF Health Africa and Sénégambie.

As a result, the Final Declaration adopted by the BanFGM conference also mentions “intersex genital mutilations”.

A heartfelt thank-you to everybody who made this possible!

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Friday 3 February 2017

La "Tribune de Genève" sur les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes et l'Académie Suisse des Sciences Médicales (ASSM)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> Article de Caroline Zuercher dans la "Tribune de Genève" sur la "Prise de position de la Commission Centrale d'Éthique de l'ASSM [Académie Suisse des Sciences Médicales] concernant les «variations du développement sexuel»" évasive
(>>> PDF), avec des déclarations claires de Daniela Truffer et Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org), entre autres sur la nécéssité d'une prohibition legale y compris un délai de prescription étendu pour prévenir les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes. Merci!  

Tuesday 20 December 2016

Committee against Torture investigates IGM in U.S. and Australia

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'YAY!! The UN-Committee against Torture (CAT) started an investigation of Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM) in both the USA and Australia under Art. 16 of the Convention ("inhuman treatment" falling under the prohibition of torture). The Committee has formally asked the U.S. and Australia to provide statistics on IGM and to "indicate which criminal or civil remedies are available for people who have undergone involuntary sterilisation or unnecessary and irreversible medical or surgical treatment".

Both State parties have now to explain themselves to the Committee in written reports due in 2017. Thereafter the Committee will review both states in Geneva. Considering that both the U.S. and Australia are major IGM perpetrators allowing and directly funding the mutilations, intersex advocates are again expecting stern reprimands for both states (see 20 UN Reprimands for IGM).

The Committee is acting on NGO reports submitted by intersex advocacy organisations InterACT and OII Australia substantiating the ongoing practice in both countries.

StopIGM.org congratulates both InterACT and OII Australia and says thank you!

To be continued ...

Below links to the NGO reports + the full questions by the Committee on Intersex and IGM within their "List of Issues" to both states:

Intersex Genital Mutilations in the USA:

2016 UN-CAT NGO Report by InterACT

>>> Download as PDF (282 kb)

List of Issues USA
CAT/C/USA/QPR/6 (DOCX) --> para 45 (p. 11)

45.  Please comment on the reports of premature surgery and other medical treatment to which intersex children would be subjected (see, Inter-ACT -Advocates for Intersex Youth, Submission to the UN Committee against Torture, 2016). Please, indicate the number of intersex children who have undergone sex assignment surgery during the reporting period.
 

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Australia:

2016 UN-CAT NGO Report by OII Australia

>>> Download as PDF (265 kb)

List of Issues Australia
CAT/C/AUS/QPR/6 (DOCX) --> para 24 (p. 8)

24.  In the light of the Committee’s concluding observations (para. 20), please provide information on the efforts made towards prohibiting the use of sterilisation without the prior, free and informed consent of the person concerned in all Australian jurisdictions. Please also clarify whether non-urgent and irreversible medical or surgical treatment aimed at determining the sex of a child is permitted and performed on children and how does the State party guarantee that full, free and informed consent of the persons concerned is ensured. In this regard, please indicate what action has been taken by the State party to implement the recommendations of a 2013 Senate Community Affairs References Committee report on the involuntary or coerced sterilisation of intersex people in Australia. In addition, please indicate which criminal or civil remedies are available for people who have undergone involuntary sterilisation or unnecessary and irreversible medical or surgical treatment aimed at determining their sex when they were children and whether these remedies are subject to any statute of limitations.

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Friday 18 November 2016

“Harmful Practice”: Both Switzerland and the Netherlands reprimanded by UN-CEDAW for Intersex Genital Mutilations!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookDuring its 65th Session the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) examined Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM) in Switzerland and in the Netherlands.

Today the Committee issued stern reprimands to both countries, explicitly recognising “harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage”:

>>> Switzerland: CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5, on intersex: paras 24-25, 38-39 (PDF)
>>> Netherlands:
CEDAW/C/NLD/CO/6, on intersex: paras 21-22, 23-24 (PDF)

StopIGM.org warmly welcomes these clear verdicts, marking
  • 20 UN reprimands for IGM practices so far
  •
already the 3rd reprimand for Switzerland
  •
the 1st reprimand for the Netherlands
  •
now 3 reprimands by CEDAW
  •
the 1st time that CEDAW reprimanded more than one state in one session
  •
now 14 countries reprimanded in Europe, South America, Asia, Oceania and Africa.

We particularly appreciate the Committee specifically addressing the practice in Switzerland as “intersex genital mutilation” and explicitly obliging the State party to “adopt legislation” in order to
  • eliminate the practice

  ensure access to redress for survivors, and
  “provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support”,
as well as to
  “educate and train medical professionals on the harmful impact” of IGM,
referring to both the CEDAW-CRC Joint General Recommendation 18/31 “on harmful practices” and the recommendations by the Swiss National Advisory Commission on Biomedical Ethics (NEK-CNE) (both underlining the need for legal revision including liability, criminal law and statutes of limitation).

THANK YOU to everybody who made this possible!

The binding CEDAW65 intersex recommendations in full + session transcripts + NGO reports:

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM in Switzerland: 2016 CEDAW NGO Report
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Switzerland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (288 kb)

>>> CEDAW65: Switzerland questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilatons
>>> UN Press Release Highlights Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

CEDAW65: Binding Intersex Recommendations for Switzerland:

>>> CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5 (PDF) --> paras 24-25, 38-39

“Harmful practices

24.  The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation (FGM), intersex mutilation (IGM), child marriage and forced marriage. However, the Committee is concerned about:

[...]

(c)  Insufficient support for intersex persons, who have undergone involuntary and medically unnecessary disfiguring surgical procedures when they were babies and children, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in significant physical and psychological suffering;

(d)  The pressure placed on parents of intersex children by medical professionals, the media and society at large, often forces them to give their consent for so called “medical procedures” justified by psychosocial indications; intersex children and adults are often unaware of the procedures they have been subjected to while access to legal remedies for intersex persons affected by unnecessary medical procedures is extremely limited with the statute of limitations often expiring by the time intersex children reach adulthood; and

(e)  Lack of integration of intersex persons and their families in interdisciplinary working groups and failure to consult with those directly affected by these procedures in decisions that affect their lives.

25.  In light of the joint recommendation/general comment No. 31 of the Committee and No. 18 of the Committee of the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), the Committee recommends that the State party:

[...]

(c)  Ensure that, in line with recommendations from the Swiss Ethics Commission, that no child is subjected to unnecessary medical or surgical treatment during infancy or childhood; adopt legislation to protect the bodily integrity, autonomy and self-determination of intersex persons and provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support;

(d)  Adopt legal provisions in order to provide redress to intersex persons affected by cases of surgical or other medical treatment without free, prior and informed consent by the intersex person or his/her parents under the guidance of the court; and

(e)  Educate and train medical professionals on the harmful impact of unnecessary surgical or other medical interventions for intersex children, and ensure that the views of intersex persons are fully considered by the interdisciplinary working groups established to review these procedures.
     

“Health

38.  The Committee welcomes measures adopted by the State party to address disparities in accessing health services between cantons, and in particular, between Swiss nationals and migrants. However, the Committee remains concerned about:

[...] (c)  Disparities in the availability of cantonal support services and the lack of inclusion of lesbian, bisexual and intersex persons in health surveys and registers; [...]

39.  In line with its general recommendation No. 24 (1999) on women and health, the Committee recommends that the State party:

[...] (c) Include reference to, and documentation on, LBTI persons in national health surveys and registers; [...]”
   

IGM in the Netherlands: 2016 CEDAW NGO Report
“Violence against and ill-treatment of intersex children” (paras 34-38)
“Remedies for violations of the rights of intersex persons” (paras 39-41)
>>> Download as PDF (530 kb)

>>> CEDAW65: The Netherlands questioned over IGM

CEDAW65: Binding Intersex Recommendations for the Netherlands:

>>> CEDAW/C/NLD/CO/6 (PDF) --> paras 21-22, 23-24

“Stereotypes and harmful practices

21.  The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices such as female genital mutilation and crimes in the name of so-called honour, as well as the adoption of the Forced Marriages (Countermeasures) Act, which entered into force in December 2015. The Committee is, however, concerned that: 

[...]

(e)  Medically irreversible sex-assignment surgery and other treatments are performed on intersex children.

22.  The Committee recommends that the State party: 

[...]

(f)  Develop and implement a rights-based health-care protocol for intersex children which ensures that children and their parents are properly informed of all options and that children are, to the greatest extent possible, involved in decision-making about medical interventions and that their choices are fully respected.
     

“Gender-based violence against women

23.  The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to address gender-based violence against women such as the adoption of the Social Support Act (2015) which broadened the concept of social support to include safety in the domestic setting and the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (the Istanbul Convention) in 2015. However, the Committee remains concerned at:

[...] (f) Reports of hate crimes against lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women.

24.  In line with its general recommendation No. 19 (1992) on violence against women, the Committee recommends that the State party:

[...] (f)  Intensify efforts to combat hate crimes against lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women.”    
  

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

CEDAW65 > The Netherlands questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations – Gov promises "discussions" - Reprimands expected today

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookAt the 65th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), in addition to Switzerland, on Thursday 10 November also the Netherlands were questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations (>>> archived podcast of the entire session) – thanks to an >>> NGO report co-authored by The Netherlands Network Intersex/DSD Foundation (NNID).
We are expecting stern reprimands for IGM practices for both NL + CH, due TODAY 18 Nov on the CEDAW65 Homepage.

Read below the Unofficial Transcript of the Netherland's Intersex Q&A courtesy of Miriam van der Have (NNID):

Session 1: 10-13h

Oby Nwankwo (CEDAW) (@41:40):

"It is reported that the right to determine one's gender is not fully respected in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and this amounts to discrimination in law practice and policies. Intersex persons still need judicial approval, and transgender persons need an experts-letter from a doctor to get access to legal gender recognition. Intersex newborns in the Netherlands are still routinely submitted to medically unnecessary and irreversible surgeries and other normalizing treatments without the free and informed consent. The UN Rapporteur on Health and on Torture both recommends States [to] end these practices.

Are there any plans in [...] place, to guarantee access to legal gender recognition for both intersex and transgender children and adults? Is there a new plan to implement mechanisms to protect intersex children against experimental medical treatments without their free and informed consent? And finally, are you planning to optimize law policy and practice to lower hate crime rates, and to ensure that human rights violations against them are investigated, and alleged perpetrators are prosecuted?"

Minister Jet Bussemaker (Head of the Netherlands' Delegation, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science) (@58 min):

"... and then the question of Mrs. Nwankwo about the position on women and health, and child and adult [...] unnecessary surgery, and good access to health. Since July 2014 changing one's gender on the birth certificate has become an administrative act for which medical interventions are no longer needed. If, however, trans people wish to undergo surgery, so as to have their bodies resemble their perceived gender, they have that option. In all cases, free and fully informed consent is required. As for intersex people, on November 14th, an expert meeting organized by the ministry for public health, welfare and sport, is set to take place, where medical professions, interest groups, and policy makers will discuss this issue. So, in a very short term, next week, we will have an expert meeting to discuss the problems and the challenges relating to intersex people. The government will be happy to report about the progress being made at a later stage, after this meeting has taken place.

Then the question about how we prevent violence against ill-treatment of intersex children or intersex persons. The government has received signals that there are several issues concerning ill-treatment and violation of [the] rights of intersex persons - unfortunately. To discuss these issues, the government has organized this meeting I already mentioned, and this is ... let me add that this meeting is also ... I see it as a start of a process to gather more information on this issue, to determine what could be the best healthcare for intersex persons and to determine what the relevant stakeholders and the government can do - and as already said, we are happy to inform you later about the results."

IGM = Violence, Torture and a Harmful Practice – NOT "Controversy or "Debate"! This blog hopes more details on actual outcomes of the mentioned "discussion" to emerge soon – and expects both the Netherlands and Switzerland to be sternly reprimanded for IGM practices later today!

IGM Practices in the Netherlands: 2016 CEDAW Report
“Violence against and ill-treatment of intersex children” (paras 34-38)
“Remedies for violations of the rights of intersex persons” (paras 39-41)
>>> Download as PDF (530 kb)

>>> CEDAW65: Switzerland questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilatons
>>> UN Press Release Highlights Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Switzerland: 2016 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Switzerland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (288 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Thursday 17 November 2016

CEDAW65 > NGO Briefing and Committee Questions on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookAt the 65th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), before Switzerland was questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations, NGOs had the possibility to brief CEDAW, and Committee experts to ask questions (>>> archived podcast of the entire briefing).

Read below the 2-minutes oral statement (PDF) by Daniela Truffer on behalf of StopIGM.org, and the ensuing Q&A:

Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org) (@ 22 min):

“Thank you, Madame Chair.

I was born 1965 in Switzerland, with so called “ambiguous” genitalia. The doctors couldn‘t tell if I was a girl or a boy.

First they cut me open between my legs to see if they find a vagina.

At two months they opened my abdomen and found healthy testes, which they threw in the garbage bin, without telling my parents.

At seven they cut my genital to make me look more like a girl, allegedly with my consent.

Today they probably would make a boy out of me, by even more surgeries.

The doctors always lied to me and my parents. I spent my life in fear, pain and shame. I couldn't talk to anybody. Only at 35 I discovered that I am not alone and that there are self-help groups.

As substantiated in our NGO report [1], in Switzerland all forms of Intersex Genital Mutilations are still regularly perpetrated with impunity in public University and Cantonal Children’s Clinics, and paid for by the Swiss federal Disability Insurance. On the other hand, adequate psychosocial support is still not available.

IGM practices in Switzerland have been considered by both CRC [2] and CAT [3] as “ill-treatment” and “harmful practice”, referring to the CEDAW-CRC Joint general recommendation.

And during the previous session, also this Committee [4] considered IGM as a “harmful practice”. [5]

To this day, in Switzerland there is no law to protect intersex children from these practices. The Swiss Government still refuses to acknowledge that this is an ongoing human rights issue, but claims this happened only “in the past”. [6]

We therefore hope that the Committee will ask the Swiss delegation tough questions on IGM, and will sternly remind Switzerland of its obligations under the Convention and the CEDAW-CRC Joint general recommendation.

Thank you.”

[1] http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/2016-CEDAW-Swiss-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM.pdf
[2] CRC/C/CHE/CO/2-4, paras. 42-43
[3] CAT/C/CHE/CO/7, para. 20
[4] CEDAW/C/FRA/CO/7-8, paras. 17e-f + 18e-f
[5] See also UN-COE-ACHPR-IACHR Joint Statement for Intersex Awareness Day 2016, “End violence and harmful medical practices on intersex children and adults”: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=20739&LangID=E
[6] https://www.admin.ch/gov/fr/accueil/documentation/communiques.msg-id-62507.html

Lilian Hofmeister (CEDAW) (@ 50 min):

"Thank you very much, Madame Chair. I have a questions to the NGOs of Switzerland concerning IGM. How are babies treated by the medical staff in Switzerland, and what is the role of their parents? Thank you."

Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org) (@ 60 min):

“Thank you. An intersex child in Switzerland is still regarded as having a medical issue and being disordered, and then parents are put under pressure to perform cosmetic surgery.

The rationale of the doctors is that else the child will suffer psychologically, have psychological problems, and may be teased in school. Parents are so pressured to consent to unnecessary surgery despite that this violates the rights of the child to physical integrity and self-determination.

Doctors argue that it's parents who want the surgery, but I am in contact with parents that tell otherwise. Actually, three days ago a mother I know called me on the phone and said that the doctors, she and her husband don't want a surgery, but the doctors say that if you don't [do] surgery on your child, he will have psychological problems, and in this case it was about hypospadias, that a boy has to be able to pee standing, otherwise he will be unhappy. And at the same time doctors admit in the media that they continue to do surgeries, and like I said before, but it's the parents, who want the surgery, they say, but it's not true.”

>>> CEDAW65: Switzerland questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilatons
>>> UN Press Release Highlights Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Switzerland: 2016 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Switzerland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (288 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Tuesday 8 November 2016

Happy Intersex Solidarity Day 2016!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookFor today's Intersex Solidarity Day, StopIGM.org is releasing 3 virtual stickers to raise awareness of the ongoing struggle of intersex people to end [WARNING!!!] Intersex Genital Mutilations.

They include photos taken in Switzerland on occasion a paceful vigil in honour of the Intersex Awareness Day 2016, celebrating 20 years of nonviolent intersex protests.

The vigil took place outside the "Kispi-Ball", an annual fundraiser of the Zurich University children's Hospital – and in response to the hospital, after starting a remarkable and rightully much lauded process of coming to terms with past IGM practices 1954-70, last spring nonetheless destroying 90% of their medical files concerning [WARNING!!!] IGM 1 (“masculinising” genital surgery, including “hypospadias repair”). And on top the hospital went on to repeatedly claim in the media not doing IGM surgeries anymore, which unfortunately is far from the truth ... :-(

Unfortunately neither the police nor the posh hotel hosting the fundraiser wanted to allow us holding our nonviolent vigil in remembrance of the survivors and victims of IGM practices past and present – but as you can see, we just did it anyway! :-)

Thanks to everybody who participated, gave us a thumbs up other otherwise expressed their solidarity!

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland: 2016 CEDAW
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Switzerland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (288 kb)

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Thursday 3 November 2016

UN Press Release Highlights Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

The entire CEDAW meeting with NGOs was also transmitted live and is now archived at webtv.un.org 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook>>> The UN press release on the informal meeting of the Committee on the Elimination of the Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) with NGOs from Argentina, Switzerland, Honduras and Armenia held last Monday 31.10.2016 highlights the oral statement by StopIGM.org's Daniela Truffer on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland, as well as the ensuing question by Committee expert Lilian Hofmeister and Daniela's reply:

Statements by Non-Governmental Organizations

Switzerland

StopIGM.org said that all forms of intersex genital mutilations were still regularly perpetrated with impunity in public universities and cantonal children’s clinics, and paid for by the Swiss Disability Insurance.  Adequate psychological support was not available, and there was no law to protect intersex children from those practices.  The Government refused to acknowledge that this was an ongoing human rights issue, claiming that it had happened only in the past.

Questions by Committee Members

On Switzerland, Experts asked [...] How were intersex babies treated by the medical staff and what was the role of the parents? 

Responses by Non-governmental Organizations

[...] in Switzerland [...] An intersex child was still regarded as being disordered and parents were under pressure to undertake cosmetic surgery, with doctors saying that the child would otherwise suffer psychologically.  Parents were pressured to agree to the surgery which violated the rights of the child.

>>> REPORT: Switzerland questioned over IGM practices by CEDAW – Gov denies  

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland: 2016 CEDAW
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Switzerland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (288 kb)

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Wednesday 2 November 2016

CEDAW65 > Switzerland questioned by UN over Intersex Genital Mutilations for 3rd time – Gov denies yet again!

>>> CEDAW65 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland
>>>
UN Press Release Highlights Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

UN-CEDAW 65th Session @ Palais des Nations 02.11.2016, 09:54h: Getting ready ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookToday it's the turn of Switzerland to be questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations at the 65th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on Wed 2 November 10-13h CET + 15–17h CET 
>>>
Podcast Session 1 | Session 2  StopIGM.org is reporting LIVE from Palais des Nations in Geneva, expecting tough questions, and yet another reprimand for IGM at the end of the session on 18 Nov.

Session 1: 10-13h

11:00h: The 1st Session on, introductory statements by CEDAW chairperson and the head of the Swiss delegation are over, first round of questions by Committee experts now well under way. Intersex has so far not been breached yet ... It might take until the 2nd session in the afternoon ... Stay tuned ... 

11:28h: "Intersexual persons" has just been mentioned briefly by the delegation under "identity" to illustrate "progress" ...

12:26h: YAY!! CEDAW expert and country co-rapporteur Lilian Hofmeister just brought up "Intersex Genital Mutilations" perpetrated in "Cantonal hospitals", describing them as a "harmful practice" and an "undoubtedly severe human rights violation", and announces follow-up questions later! :-) Inofficial Transcription:

“Thank you, Madame Chair. Concerning harmful practices, I would like to add some information about intersex persons. They are often suffering from so called Intersex Genital Mutilation practiced by the medical staff of Cantonal Children's Hospitals in Switzerland. This is undoubtedly a severe human rights violation. Concerning the methods, I would like to pose follow-up questions under article 12.”

12:32h: Swiss Head of Delegation Sylvie Durrer, Director of the Federal Bureau for Equality (EGB) at the the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA), immediately issued yet another full denial, followed by the usual pinkwashing of IGM we've come to expect from state reperesentatives ...  :-(   Inofficial Transcription of UN simultaneous translation from original french:

“Next, the question on intersex persons. First of all, I would like to say that our government has clearly confirmed on various occasions that these people warrant the respect and comprehension of society with regards to the problems that they are facing. They have full rights to have their physical and psychological integrity upheld, that is an extremely important point for us.

In April 2005 there was a decree, and actions were taken to ensure that we are in coordination with the Council of Europe's work in this area. We are also combating discrimination based on sexual orientation and sexual identity, and we have had various parliamentary interventions on this matter.

The National Committee has also been dealing with the matter, it has issued various recommendations. The government has considered that these recommendations were mainly already implemented or currently being implemented, for example they concern the simplification of, in terms of the laws that apply to modification of gender cases and any discrimination that may arise.

For the government all of these measures are equally important, and they have already been implemented or they are currently being implemented. Furthermore, the Federal Council also invites doctors to contribute to awareness raising themselves, in particular by drafting guidelines and by adapting training. It has been seen that interdisciplinary working groups were already created or have been, are currently been created, are playing an extremely important role on this matter.

Finally, it's very important for people concerned by this matter to play their fully fledged role in raising awareness about this problem, to speak about their experience and their point of view.

I think it's very important for dialogue to continue between the different stakeholders to deal with this problem in a respectful interdisciplinary way.”

12:59h: Session adjourned.

Session 2: 15-17h

15:01h: Session resumed, answers to questions left from the morning now on.

15:29h: YAY!! Committee expert and Co-rapporteur Louiza Chalal (of CEDAW64 France fame) asks a question on redress for intersex persons, is there a law planned? :-) (But the translation seemed to mix this up with change of gender description in documents?) (Full transcription to follow)

16:01h: Head of delegation announces answer on "intersex and transgender". Speaker from Departement of justice then only answers on gender markers and involuntary trans procedures ... :-( (Full transcription to follow)

16:03h: YAY!! Lilian Hofmeister follows up on intersex persons after IGM, they have a problems with access of justice, is there any law considered to prolong statutes of limitations? :-) (Full transcription to follow)

16:05h: Swiss justice delegate ask to repeat the question on intersex and statutes of limitations, as they did not understand? Is this about salary discrimination?

16:06h: Lilian Hofmeister explains again ...

16:07h: Justice delegate asks if anyone in the delegation could answer on this? No? Announces delegation will then give answer in writing after the session ... (Full transcription to follow)

>>> The written additional answer (French, PDF) essentially repeated the (non-)answer by the Gov on the National Ethics Commission (NEK-CNE) given last summer and criticised in the NGO report, counterfactually claiming IGM to be “a thing of the past” all recommendations to be already implemented, and in addition counterfactually claimed IGM practices would in part be covered by the Swiss Anti-FGM Law, while in truth the parliament and government rejected suggestions to include IGM in this law ... :-(

17:09h: Session closed ...

>>> CEDAW65 > NGO Briefing on Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland
>>>
UN Press Release Highlights Intersex Genital Mutilations in Switzerland

2016-CEDAW-Swiss-Intersex-IGM

IGM Practices in Switzerland: 2016 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM in Switzerland  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (288 kb)

>>> CEDAW65 > The Netherlands questioned over IGM

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Friday 28 October 2016

UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR: "End violence and harmful medical practices on intersex people" – Intersex Awareness Day 2016

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook“States must, as a matter of urgency, prohibit medically unnecessary surgery and procedures on intersex children. They must uphold the autonomy of intersex adults and children and their rights to health, to physical and mental integrity, to live free from violence and harmful practices and to be free from torture and ill-treatment. Intersex children and their parents should be provided with support and counselling, including from peers. [...]

States should investigate human rights violations against intersex people, hold those found guilty of perpetrating such violations accountable and provide intersex people subjected to abuse with redress and compensation.”

>>> This fabulous joint statement (fr|es) by 11 human rights agencies and experts around the world from the UN (including CAT, CRC, CRPD, SPT, SRT, SRSG VAC), the Council of Europe (COE), the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) is by far the most powerful of all declarations we've seen so far around this year's Intersex Awareness Day. Please share (again)!

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