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Tuesday 24 May 2016

Geneva > UK Questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations by UN Committee on the Rights of the Child - Gov Non-Answer + Denial

UN-CRC 72nd Session @ Palais Wilson, Geneva 23.05.2016, 14:57h CET: Getting ready ...

>>> That's why the UK will be reprimanded for IGM Practices by UN-CRC

IGM = Hamful PracticeZwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookThis week it's the turn of the UK to be questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on Mon 23 May 15–18h CET [UK: 2-5pm] + Tue 24 May 10–13h CET [UK: 9am-noon]  >>> soon archived here!
StopIGM.org was reporting LIVE [
fulltext ] from the 72nd session at Palais Wilson in Geneva, expecting tough questions also for the UK, and both the UK and Nepal to be reprimanded by June 3rd.
 

Session 1, Mon 23.05.2016, 15-18h CET   

15:29h: Harmful practices, FGM ...

15:30h: ... and intersex children now!
CRC co-rapporteur Kirsten Sandberg mentions the responsability of the UK state
by directly financing IGM practices. YAY!! :-) Unofficial Transcription:

«Intersex. Intersex children are born with unclear genitals, to put it that way, and there are harmful treatments done to them when they are babies or small children before they are able to consent themselves, and they have very bad effects on those involved, lifelong physical and psychological pain. And I wonder what you would do about this – in fact you directly finance it, the UK government through the public health assurances.»
 

Session 2, Tue 24.05.2016, 10-13h CET   

11:27h: UK delegate Flora Taylor Goldhill (Director for Children, Families and Communities, Department of Health, ctd.) on "transgender health and [...] intersex children"  – yet another evasive Gov non-answer + denial, as per usual lumping together + confusing trans, LBGT, identity and intersex, while at the same time categorically ignoring the daily mutilations facilitated and paid for by the NHS :-(
– a stark reminder
why at the end of the day only legislators will make a difference ... Unofficial Transcription:

«I now want to move on to the issues raised about transgender health and I will also pick up the question that Miss Sandberg raised yesterday about intersex children. As with society more generally, more needs to be done to change the culture within the wider NHS, so that all health care professionals are aware of the specific needs of transgender, non-binary and intersex people.

NHS England has established a clinical reference group for gender identity services comprising experts from different specialities and patient representatives to advise NHS England on clinical issues. The chair of NHS Englands clinical reference groups has worked with the general medical counsel to develop guidance for doctors on the care and treatment of transgender people. This was published on 18th of March 2015.

In Northern Ireland, the RCGP guidelines for the care of trans patients in primary care was published in 2015. For nursing, public health England and the Royal College of Nursing have developed two tool kids for nurses and health practitioners to support the mental health and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans young people.

On intersex children: NHS England are responsible for specialised commissioning which covers this area. They wish to work with stakeholders to improve the services for these children and their families. NHS England are clear that the management of intersex conditions should optimise overall quality of life and that gender assignment interventions in newborns with intersex conditions should be avoided before expert evaluation.

Where babies and children could be described as intersex decisions about when and how to make medical interventions should be taken by clinicians in consultation with the parents of the child, and where possible and the child is older, seeking the views of the child himself or herself or themselves.

NHS England have recognised the need to engage service users and their families on this issue. The commissioning of specialised services by NHS England is heavily informed by expert and stakeholder advise via the clinical reference group that I mentioned. They use their specific knowledge and expertise to advise NHS England on the best way that specialised services should be provided.

NHS England welcomes the involvement of interested people in the work of the clinical reference group and is keen to work with all stakeholders including charities, patient groups, staff from service providers, and commercial organisations. NHS England has recently consulted on the proposals for the future configuration of clinical reference groups, and in spring of 2016 [?] it will publish details of which specialised services fall within each clinical reference groups remit. This will include details of the clinical reference group for specialist gynaecology services for children and young people.»

[ After the session, we spoke to Flora Taylor Goldhill who first addressed intersex as a gender identity – BINGO! – and then said "it's a new issue". We presented her a copy of the intersex NGO report, suggesting that if they really want to involve all interested parties they could start by consulting the organisations listed on p. 2 ... ]

>>> That's why the UK will be reprimanded for IGM Practices by UN-CRC

Intersex Genital Mutilations in the UK: 2016 UN-CRC Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  A Harmful Practice
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.60 MB)

See also:
11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Monday 23 May 2016

That's why the UK will be reprimanded for Intersex Genital Mutilations by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child

'Until there is a change in the law, we'll continue cutting'  - Dr I. Mushtaq (GOSH, UCL)
Photo: Nonviolent intersex protest @ Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, 18.09.2011

>>> PRESS RELEASE: "UN to reprimand UK for Intersex Genital Mutilations"

IGM = Hamful Practice

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

This week it's the turn of the UK to be questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on Mon 23 May 15–18h CET [UK: 2-5pm] + Tue 24 May 10–13h CET [UK: 9am-noon].      >>>  watch live!
UN-CRC recognises IGM as a 'harmful practice'
(like FGM) and as 'violence against children', has recently reprimanded Ireland, France, Chile and Switzerland, and only last week questioned Nepal over IGM practices.

>>> StopIGM.org is reporting live from the 72nd session in Geneva, expecting tough questions also for the UK, and both the UK and Nepal to be reprimanded by June 3rd.

While the Government and the NHS are quick to deny the ongoing practice, a collaborative Intersex NGO report to the Committee documents damning evidence on the most common forms of IGM and moving testimonies by IGM survivors in the UK:

NGO Report to the 5th Periodic Report of the United Kingdom on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

 
>>>  Download (PDF 3.60 MB)

   
Compiled by:
StopIGM.org • ISUK • OII-UK • UKIA

Read some shocking evidence after the break:

Continue reading...

Friday 20 May 2016

TRANSCRIPTION > Nepal Questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations by UN Committee on the Rights of the Child - Gov Denies + Deflects

Head of Nepali Delegation replies to first round of questions, Palais Wilson 19.05.2016
(Lower right corner: Kirsten Sandberg, Committee Co-Rapporteur on Nepal)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook Fri 20 May 10:00-13:00h CET [Nepal: 12:45-16:45h] at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Nepal ‘answered’ the CRC's questions about Intersex Human Rights including the “growing practice of Intersex Genital Mutilations”  videos now archived on treatybodywebcast.org. Unofficial Transcription below:
[ Next week,
it will be the turn of the UK ... ]

   IGM = Hamful Practice “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
   1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
   2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
        a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
        b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
   3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
   4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation
  
 

Session 2, Fri 20.05.2016, 10-13h CET   

10:11h: The live transmission is now on! Nepali delegation already answering ... Currently health and education expert talking.

11:03h: First round of answers over, no reply on intersex yet. Now follow-up questions by CRC members.

11:30h: 15 minutes intermission

11:46h: Session resumed. Still about "child marriage"

12:03h: Kirsten Sandberg repeats question on intersex children, highlights the apparent rise of involuntary surgery. YAY!! :-)

“Thank you. I would just like to repeat my question from yesterday about intersex children, children born with unclear genitals, and it seems there is an increasing practice in your country of subjecting them to some kind of surgery when they are really infants, and without, well, the parents consented, they get the parent's consent, but this need not be done until children are much older and may be able to give their own consent or their view on this. And I wonder if this is an issue that you've at all discussed in your country.”

12:08h: Madhu Prasad Regmi, Secretary of Ministry for Women, Children and Social Welfare and Head of Nepali delegation, "replies" on intersex children as per usual simply ignores IGM, but deflects to "anti-discrimination measures" and civil status "other than male or female"BINGO! :-(

“One question still seems to be unanswered, it is about the intersex children. Yeah, the constitution has adopted the principal of non-discrimination based on sex or the religion or cast, ethnicity or origin or any other type. So there will be no discrimination against any person based on gender or ethnicity or anything else. And I would just like to kindly inform, kindly draw her attention that the government of Nepal has recently initiated to provide citizenship certificate, even passports and [incomprehensible] id card by explicitly mentioning the gender other than male and female. So that is also we have recently started the practice. That is what I would like to say, the answer of her question. Thank you.”

12:19h: No more follow-up questions by Committee members – involvement of children in armed conflicts under the optional protocol now – so, re: intersex that was probably that.

12:35h: Chairperson closes public session – and we're hoping for strong Concluding Observations on intersex children for Nepal!
    

Session 1, Thu 19.05.2016, 15-18h   

Ca. 15:04h: CRC Chairperson Benyam Dawit Mezmur opens the session.

Ca. 16:00h:  First round of questions finished … While questions were asked about harmful practices (e.g. about forced marriage), no questions on intersex so far …

17:40h: Kirsten Sandberg,
CRC Co-Rapporteur on Nepal,
raises intersex children!
YAY!!! 

“To intersex children, which is also related to medical issues, but is also being viewed by this committee as a harmful practice, when intersex children are exposed to medically unnecessary procedures at an early age before they can voice their own views. I wonder if you are aware of these issues, because intersex children in your country have informed us that they feel stigmatised and discriminated against, also that they're not given the proper self-determination in these issues.”

The replies on intersex by the Nepali delegation are due tomorrow during the 2nd Session, Fri 20 May 10-13h CET. To be continued ...  

 
 
IGM = Violence in Health Care Settings, NOT 'Controversy' or 'Debate'!  “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
   1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
   2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
        a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
        b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
   3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
   4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation
 

See also:
11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Thursday 19 May 2016

Stigma, Bullying and Isolation: Intersex in Nepal (4/4)

Photo: 1st Intersex National Workshop, Kathmandu 8-9 February 2016

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook This week, at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Nepal is first up for review of Intersex Human Rights including the “growing practice of Intersex Genital Mutilations” on Thur 19 May 15:00-18:00h CET [Nepal: 18:45-21:45h] + Fri 20 May 10:00-13:00h CET [Nepal: 12:45-16:45h] – archived on treatybodywebcast.org!
Next week: The UK ...

 
    
TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
     1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
     2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
          a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
          b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
     3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
     4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation

      Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies 
 

4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation    

“[T]here is no understanding of intersex issues in Nepal among the public. The community people think that is the curse of past life and they are not aware of the existence of intersex people in normal life. The community is never aware and there is no such organization to advocate for the Intersex issues in Nepal.”   Source: 2016 CRC Nepal Intersex NGO Report (p. 2)

As the Nepali Intersex NGO Report points out, the taboo of intersex as a natural biological variation in human and animals leads to discrimination and stigma pervading everyday life in Nepal.

Further, a publication by a specialised surgeon indicates that e.g. for Nepali men with hypospadias their penis is considered to render them unfit for marriage despite normal fertility, thus before being able to “seeing girls”, first they would require hypospadias repair surgery” in order to obtain “clearance to go ahead with marriage”.

Last but not least, as each and every one of the personal stories collected on occasion of the 1st Intersex National Workshop and published as e-book substantiates, for Nepali intersex children and adolescents this lack of education of the public results in considerable bullying and isolation particularly in school, in several cases even leading to the child being prevented from finishing school.  

Stories of Intersex People from Nepal
Compiled by: Esan Regmi
Translated by: Parsu Ram Rai
>>>  Download (PDF 932 kb)

Relevant excerpts from the 9 personal stories after the break:

Continue reading...

Wednesday 18 May 2016

Denial of Needed Health Care: Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepal (3/4)

Photo: Fundraiser for Needed Surgery for Intersex Adolescents Arjun (15) + Amar (17)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook This week, at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Nepal is first up for review of Intersex Human Rights including the “growing practice of Intersex Genital Mutilations” on Thur 19 May 15:00-18:00h CET [Nepal: 18:45-21:45h] + Fri 20 May 10:00-13:00h CET [Nepal: 12:45-16:45h] – archived on treatybodywebcast.org!
Next week: The UK ...

 
    
TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
     1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
     2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
          a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
          b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
     3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
     4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation

      Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies 
 

3.  Denial of Needed Health Care     

“Denial of needed health care” constitutes one of the 17 most common forms of IGM practices described in the 2014 CRC Swiss Thematic Intersex NGO Report (PDF, p. 75), and is substantiated in two of the personal stories (collected on occasion of the 1st Intersex National Workshop and published as e-book) which both illustrate how it compounds stigma and exclusion (see  below 4.).

In Nepal this issue is compounded by general lack of health insurance resulting in additional difficulties for intersex children to gain access to needed health care. 
 

Stories of Intersex People from Nepal
Compiled by: Esan Regmi
Translated by: Parsu Ram Rai
>>>  Download (PDF 932 kb)

 
AMAR CHAUDHARY (p. 17-18)

Born 1996 with ambiguous genitals, raised as a boy.

“I don’t know if it is an omen, my destiny or Karma but my female part doesn’t function properly. I have a constant stream of urine that never stops. My parents initially thought it might fix itself, but this never happened.

Due to my family’s socioeconomic condition we could not afford treatment. Our financial situation was so difficult I did not enroll in school until I was 8 years old.

This was a milestone for me but it was also incredibly difficult. I was teased constantly and humiliated due to the constant strong smell of urine. (17)

Over time my problem got worse and when I was 9 I was taken to Kholpur Hospital in Nepalgunj for treatment. I was admitted for 2 months and prescribed medicine but this didn’t help. Later the doctor told my family that my bladder was not properly formed and recommended me for surgery. But my family could not afford treatment and my father took me back home.

Due to lack of treatment I cannot participate in sport and as my health worsens I find it difficult to walk, stand or sit and I do not sleep well." (18)
 

ARJUN CHIRIMA (p. 21-22)

Born 2001 with ambiguous genitals.

“Since birth I have suffered from a continuous flow of urine from my genitals. My family, initially sought medical treatment for me in the teaching hospital in Kathmandu. The doctor recommended that I undergo surgery, but for this my parents would need to pay almost 3 lakhs Nepali Rupees (about 3000 US$) which they were unable to afford. As a result my family returned home with me without treatment. (21)

However, due to my urinary incontinence and the continuous foul smell of urine, I was teased and most of my classmates disowned me and humiliated me many times. Due to such a hostile and uneasy environment, I was forced to leave school. Even within my wider community I feel rejected as they are not at all happy with the way I was born. My family too receive criticism and are isolated and looked upon differently in my community.” (22)
 

The general problem of lack of access to health care for not rich Nepalis, ascerbating the denial of needed health care for intersex children and adults, and compounding their suffering, is described in a medical publication as follows:

"Almost no health insurance exists in Nepal. Patients and their families are expected to bear the total cost of medical treatment, which often means that they must sell land or borrow money. Added to these costs are other medical supplies required by the patient. This cost of treatment is further compounded for many Nepalese patients, who must travel from their rural communities to the hospital."
Source:
Plastic Surgery International, Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 870902, http://www.hindawi.com/journals/psi/2011/870902/. 
 

>>> DONATE for Intersex Nepalis Arjun (15) + Amar (17) for Needed Health Care

   
TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
    1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
    2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
         a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
         b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
    3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
    4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation

     Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies 
 
See also:
11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals (2/4)

“All children underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty”  

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook This week, at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Nepal is first up for review of Intersex Human Rights including the “growing practice of Intersex Genital Mutilations” on Thur 19 May 15:00-18:00h CET [Nepal: 18:45-21:45h] + Fri 20 May 10:00-13:00h CET [Nepal: 12:45-16:45h] – archived on treatybodywebcast.org!
Next week: The UK ...

 
       TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
       1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
       2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
            a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
            b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
       3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
       4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation 

       •  Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies  

2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals

SUMMARY: Despite that the 1st Intersex National Workshop identified “Intersex genital mutilation as a growing practice in Nepal” and recommended to “Prohibit medically unnecessary surgery and procedures without informed consent”, seconded by the 2016 NGO Report to CRC, no research or documentation on IGM practices in Nepal could be found.

While far from exhaustive, this section thus collects evidence, so far substantiating

  • IGM1 “Masculinising Genital Corrections” incl. “Hypospadias Repair” regular practiced in at least 2 Nepali children's clinics in Kathmandu and Basundhara, as well possibly also in non-paediatric clinics in other regions
  • the recently achieved capability for laparoscopic gonadectomies a.k.a IGM3 Sterilising Procedures in at least 1 children's clinic in Kathmandu
  • doctors and clinics openly advertising IGM1 as beneficient and safe, and aiming to expand the practice within the (positive) overall drive to allow more children access to (necessary) paediatric treatments

Witness accounts from Nepal further link IGM1 to 2 additional Government and University Children's Clinics in Kathmandu and Dhulikel.

a) IGM in Publications by Nepali Doctors and Hospitals

Kanti Children’s Hospital (Kathmandu):
IGM 1 “Hypospadias Repair”
• Capability for IGM3 Sterilising Procedures (“Laporoscopic Gonadectomy”).
Source:
Hospital Homepage, http://kantichildrenhospital.gov.np/paedratic-surgery/ 

"We have started performing Snodgra[ss] TIP Urethroplasty for proximal penile hypospadias"

"We feel proud to mention that we have started dedicated pediatric laparoscopic surgical services this year."

"Facilities available at surgical unit:
    [...]
    Pediatric Laparoscopic Surgery.
    Pediatric Urology. [...]"

Kanti Government Children’s Hospital (Kathmandu) and BP Smriti Hospital (Basundhara):
• IGM 1
“Hypospadias Repair” practiced regularly
Source:
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2014;34(1):29-33, http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JNPS/article/view/8692 

"A total of 46 male children 18 months to 10 years age with penile hypospadias were included in this study from January 2011 to January 2013 in Kanti Children’s Hospital and BP Smriti Hospital. Only distal and mid penile hypospadias with good and wide urethral plate were included. All children underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty described by Snodgrass. Hypospadias with moderate to severe chordee were excluded."

“Each patient was assessed on the 8th-10th postoperative day after removal of the catheter and during their first follow-up on two weeks after discharge. Assessment was done on the basis complications like urethrocutaneous fistula, meatal stenosis, cosmetic look of penis and glans and urinary stream.”

"The overall complication rate requiring surgical intervention was 8 (17.3%). Mean duration of surgery was 66 minutes (60-80 minutes). Urethrocutaneous fistula occurred in 5 (10.8%), meatal stenosis in 1 (2.1%) and wound dehiscence in 2 (4.3%) patient."

“Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty is a simple, single stage surgery for distal hypospadias. It gives good functional neourethra of normal looking glans and meatus with a low rate of complications like urethrocutaneous fistula, stricture. It is our preferred method of repairing distal and midpenile hypospadias in our institution.”

N O T E :  This articles gives NO INDICATION at all of any mean follow-up time! Arguably follow-time was in maximum the 24 months of the study – with severe and dangerous complications, particularly urethral strictures and stenoses, drastically increasing only later in life ...

B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (Dharan)
• IGM 1 “Hypospadias Repair” practiced regularly
[on persons of unkown age, see  N O T E  below]
Source: Plastic Surgery International, Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 870902, http://www.hindawi.com/journals/psi/2011/870902/

"B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal, is the only tertiary care referral centre in the eastern region of Nepal. This paper discusses the author’s experience of starting a plastic surgery unit in eastern Nepal regarding need and present status of plastic surgery care in Nepal. Methods. We analyzed the data of patients treated in Plastic surgery unit from July 2007 to February 2009. We did evaluation regarding type of patients, procedures, and their outcome."

“Other congenital anomalies included clefts [1] and hypospadias [2] hands and foot anomalies (Figure 4).”
 

Table 4: Details of various plastic surgery procedures.
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
Cleft    n = 7
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
Cleft lip repair    4
Palatoplasty    1
cleft lip nose rhinoplasty    2
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
[...]
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
Genitourinary reconstructions    n = 1 2
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
Hypospadias repair    8
Penile fracture    1
Filarial scrotum and penis    3
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
[...]
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
Hand and upper extremity reconstruction    n = 3 9
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
[...]
Polydactyly    1
[...]
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––  
[...]”

“Our observation shows that the role of plastic surgeon becomes more vital in centres where other specialty services are lacking, as plastic surgeons can handle variety of situations because of their training [2]:
[...]
(vi)  quality management of hypospadias/epispadias patients in absence of urosurgeons/paediatric surgeons,
[...]

There is increasing demand for plastic surgery services because of growing public awareness for complete cure, reduction of morbidity, and limitation of deformity which indirectly helps in productivity of population. [...]”

N O T E :  The article doesn't contain any reference to actual outcomes of the “Hypospadias repair,” nor to the age of the “patients”. The grouping together with “clefts [1] and [...] hands and foot anomalies (Figure 4)” however may indicate an increased probability of involuntary treatments on children.
 

b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts

Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai, the authors of the Thematic Intersex NGO Report to CRC, reported during a skype interview on 16.05.2015 that, while visiting the hospitals in question as patients, witnesses personally known to them recently learned of further cases of IGM1 “Masculinising Surgeries” in the following clinics:

  • Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital (Dulikel):
    3 children (aged 20 months, 5 years, and 7 years)
  • National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital (Kathmandu):
    1 child
    (aged 13 years)


   TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
   1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
   2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
        a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
        b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
   3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
   4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation 

   •  Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies 
 

See also:
11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Monday 16 May 2016

Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal (1/4)

Photo: 1st Intersex National Workshop, Kathmandu 8-9 February 2016

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook This week, at the 72nd Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Nepal is first up for review of Intersex Human Rights including the “growing practice of Intersex Genital Mutilations” on Thur 19 May 15:00-18:00h CET [Nepal: 18:45-21:45h] + Fri 20 May 10:00-13:00h CET [Nepal: 12:45-16:45h] – arcived on treatybodywebcast.org!
Next week: The UK ...
  

    TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
    1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
    2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
         a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
         b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
    3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
    4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation
     •   Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies 
 

1.  Background: Intersex National Workshop, Intersex Stories Book,
     2016 CRC NGO Report

    

1st Intersex National Workshop, Kathmandu 2016
Sharing Stories • Key Human Rights Issues • Recommendations 
>>>  via medium.com

On 8-9 February, a meeting of 13 intersex adolescents and adults from across Nepal took place, where they shared their stories and exchanged with representatives from the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, the National Human Rights Commission of Nepal (NHRC), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and UNICEF, as well as with legal experts.

Key Human Rights Issues identified include:  

  • Intersex genital mutilation as a growing practice in Nepal
  • Lack of access to necessary health care
  • Lack of information and access to reproductive health
  • Bullying and isolation in schools

Key Recommendations include:  

  • Prohibit medically unnecessary surgery and procedures without informed consent
  • Ensure training for medical professionals on the health care needs and human rights of intersex people
  • Ensure counselling and support to intersex people and their families
  • Support and implement awareness raising activities on intersex issues throughout Nepal, including in rural areas and in schools

“The meeting culminated with a panel session featuring UNICEF, UNDP, the National Human Rights Commission of Nepal as well as the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare [...]

Basudev Bajgain of the National Human Rights Commission of Nepal spoke about how the intersex community [...] are facing discrimination even within the LGBTI community. [...] ”
 

Stories of Intersex People from Nepal
Compiled by: Esan Regmi
Translated by: Parsu Ram Rai
>>>  Download (PDF 932 kb)

This publication includes 9 personal stories of intersex people in Nepal (of about 2 pages each), based upon submissions in writing by intersex persons themselves during the 1st Intersex National Meeting (see above). They substantiate amongst others the following two of the above key issues: Lack of access to necessary health care and Bullying and isolation in schools (for references and quotes, see below 3. and 4.). The book however does not substantiate ”IGM as a growing practice in Nepal” (see below 2.).
  

NGO Report to the 3rd to 5th Periodic Report of Nepal on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
Compiled by: Blue Diamond Society / Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai
>>>  Download (DOCX 29 kb)

“In response to Intersex issues, there is no legal provision in Nepal on any rights towards Intersex Child. [...] Major problem is their identification, stigma, discrimination [...] The community people think that is the curse of past life and they are not aware of the existence of intersex people in normal life. [...] there is no such organization to advocate for the Intersex issues in Nepal.”

In line with the 1st Intersex National Workshop, the report makes the following

Major Recommendations:

  • Freedom to choose their gender identity based on sexual orientation
  • Change in the official documents as per the gender identity (Registration during the birth)
  • Forced treatment in intersex should be banned
  • Stop unnecessary surgical and medical treatment
  • Proper counselling should be done prior pre and posttest as per the need to the children
  • Give intersex people full access to their medical reports
  • Raise public awareness and improve professional trainings about the problems encountered by intersex people

The report contains 1 personal story, which substatiates identification document issues, stigma and bullying (see also below 4.). The report however does not substantiate IGM practices, including Denial of needed health care (see below 2. and 3.). 

The Nepali Intersex NGO Report was supported by an informal >>> Letter of Endorsement and Substantiation (PDF 328 kb) by StopIGM.org to the Task Force on Nepal of Committee on the Rights of the Child, referencing below parts 2., 3. and 4.

On 19–20 May 2016, the Committee on the Rights of the Child questioned Nepal over IGM practices, stigma and discrimination of intersex children, with the head of the Nepali delegation first simply ignoring the question at all, then after a reminder issueing a denial and deflecting to civil status registration "other than male or female".

 
   
TABLE OF CONTENTS “Intersex Genital Mutilations, Stigma and Bullying in Nepal”
    1.  Background: 1st Intersex Workshop, Intersex Stories Book, 2016 CRC NGO Report
    2.  Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepali Paediatric Hospitals
         a) IGM in Publications by Doctors and Hospitals
         b) IGM in Witnesses Accounts
    3.  Denial of Needed Health Care
    4.  Stigma, Bullying and Isolation

     Nepal questioned over IGM by UN Child Rights Committee - Gov denies 
 
See also:
11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Sunday 15 May 2016

Mauro Cabral: "We need an intersex version of the principles"

Photo: Daniela Truffer (left) holding placard of Mauro Cabral showing his abdominal scars from IGM @ Nonviolent Intersex Protest #4 vs. '5th I-DSD' + 'D$Dnet', Ghent 11.06.2015

IGM = Violence in Health Care Settings, NOT 'Controversy' or 'Debate'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook >>> Great interview with Mauro Cabral on the Yogyakarta Principles. Unfortunately not mentioned in the article:

In addition to the UN Special Rapporteurs on Torture and Health, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, the UN Committee against torture and other UN treaty bodies have SO FAR 11 TIMES reprimanded Governments in Europe, South America and Asia over Intersex Genital Mutilations, each time classifying IGM as a "harmful practice" (just like FGM) or as "inhuman treatment" in breach of the Convention against Torture, insisting all contracting states must "take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures" BOTH to outlaw the practice AND to ensure access of survivors to reparations and justice.

Other international human rights bodies to condemn IGM practices include WHO, UNICEF and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). How much longer?!

See also:
11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Saturday 14 May 2016

UN Reprimand France over Intersex Genital Mutilations - UK up next

>>> Français

Intersex Human Righs Defenders, 57th Session UN Committee against Torture (CAT):
Vincent Guillot (France, IGM survivor), Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org, IGM survivor), Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org). To their right in front of her laptop, with back to the camera Sapana Pradhan-Malla (Nepal, CAT member), above her left, all in the back in the center of the glass wall Jens Modvig (Denmark, CAT chairperson and Co-Rapporteur for France), who both expertly questioned the French delegation on IGM practices – THANK YOU!!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookPress Release by StopIGM.org 14.05.2016

            1.  Committee against Torture reprimands France for IGM Practices
            2.  Next in line: The UK
            3.  Background: The UN Condemn Intersex Genital Mutilations

1.  Committee against Torture reprimands France for IGM Practices

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

StopIGM.org warmly welcomes the binding 2016 "Concluding Observations" of the UN Committee against Torture for France:
>>>
CAT/C/FRA/CO/7, PDF, French, on Intersex: p. 7, paras. 32-33

The Committee once more unmistakably denounced IGM practices as serious crimes clearly in breach of the Convention against Torture and constituting at least Inhuman Treatment, referring to art. 2, 12, 14, 16 of the Convention. 

StopIGM.org particularly appreciates that the Committee specifically obliged France to "take the necessary legislative, administrative and other measures to guarantee the respect for the physical integrity and autonomy of intersex persons", and "to undertake measures to ensure redress for victims, including adequate compensation".

And to "ensure access to psychosocial counselling and support for persons concerned, their parents and care givers free of charge" and "to investigate cases of medical or surgical treatments of intersex persons without their informed consent".

This marks the 11th time that a UN Treaty Body condemns IGM practices and reprimands a Government for tolerating and/or supporting these serious human rights violations.

In February 2016, France was already reprimanded for IGM practices by the UN Committee for the rights of the Child (CRC).

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: 2016 UN-CAT Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  Inhuman Treatment
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB) 

 
2.
  Next in line: The UK

The next State up for review of IGM practices is the United Kingdom at the 72nd session of the Committee for the rights of the Child (CRC) on 23-24 May 2016.

Intersex Genital Mutilations in the UK: 2016 UN-CRC Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  A Harmful Practice
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.60 MB)

States as contracting parties to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention against Torture and other applicable Covenants including CCPR and CRPD can no longer feign ignorance of the illegal nature of IGM practices, but now must take all appropriate measures including legislation to eliminate them, and to guarantee access to effective redress and justice for all IGM survivors!

The international intersex human rights NGO StopIGM.org demands the prohibition of forced genital surgeries on children and adolescents with Variations of Sex Anatomy and "Human Rights for Hermaphrodites too!"

Persons concerned shall later decide themselves, if they want surgeries or not, and if yes, which.

Kind regards

Daniela "Nella" Truffer    +41 (0) 76 398 06 50
Markus Bauer    +41 (0) 78 829 12 60
Founding members Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org

presse_at_zwischengeschlecht.info

http://StopIGM.org
 

3.  Background: The UN Condemn Intersex Genital Mutilations

IGM = Violence in Health Care Settings, NOT 'Controversy' or 'Debate'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook Typical forms of IGM practices include "masculinising" and "feminising", "corrective" genital surgery, castration and other sterilising procedures, imposition of  hormones, forced genital exams, vaginal dilations, medical display, withholding crucial information from patients an parents, human experimentation, and denial of needed health care.

IGM Practices cause known lifelong severe physical and psychological pain and suffering, including loss or impairment of  sexual sensation, painful scarring, painful intercourse, incontinence, urethral strictures, impairment or loss of  reproductive capabilities, lifelong dependency of artificial hormones, significantly elevated rates of self-harming behaviour and suicidal tendencies, lifelong mental suffering and trauma, increased sexual anxieties, less sexual activity.

Since 1950, IGM has been practised systematically and on an industrial scale allover the “developed world”, with all typical IGM forms still practised today. Parents and children are misinformed, kept in the dark, sworn to secrecy, kept isolated and denied appropriate support.

For more than 20 years, survivors have criticised IGM practices as harmful and traumatising, as a fundamental human rights violation, as a form of genital mutilation and child sexual abuse, as torture or ill-treatment, and called for legislation to end it and to ensure remedies.

Since February 2015, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) has repeatedly criticised unnecessary intersex treatments as a Harmful Practice and thus comparable to Female Genital Mutilation, and has so far reprimanded Switzerland, Chile, France and Ireland for failing to adopt necessary legislation to protect intersex children's right to bodily integrity and to ensure equal access to remedies and justice for victims.

Similarly, since 2011 the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) recognised IGM practices as constituting at least Inhuman Treatment in violation of the Convention against Torture, and – in addition to France – so far reprimanded Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark and Hong Kong.

Other international human rights bodies to condemn IGM practices include WHO, UNICEF, the Special Rapporteur on Torture, the Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).

Intersex Genital Mutilations in the UK: 2016 UN-CRC Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  A Harmful Practice
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.60 MB)

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: 2016 UN-CAT Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  Inhuman Treatment
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

>>> France Questioned over IGM Practices by the UN Committee against Torture
>>>
"No law to protect intersex children from the daily mutilations in France”
>>>
IGM = "Harmful Practice" + "Violence": UN-CRC Reprimands France 
>>> 11 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Friday 13 May 2016

Friday 13 May 2016 - A Good Day for Intersex Human Rights?

Photo: UNHRC UPR #14, Geneva 20.10.2012

Israel addresses Intersex Genital Mutilations during UN Human Rights Council Review of Ireland – Committee against Torture to reprimand France – Now 12 UN reprimands

Friday 13 May: A sign of hope for intersex children everywhere – and yet another stern warning for IGM perpetrators and complicit states? Keep your fingers crossed!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

UPR: Ireland critisised over Intersex Genital Mutilations

All UN Member States have to submit regularly to a "Universal Periodic Review (UPR)" of their human rights records, reported by a "troika" of their peers and considered by the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), who then adopts binding recommendations.

Despite that human rights violations of intersex people have been reported to the HRC since at least 2012, so far the HRC never specifically discussed intersex human rights concerns, let alone issued recommendations to stop IGM practices.

Most welcome therefore the news (thx ILGA) from the ongoing 25th session of the UPR Working Group where Israel went on record addressing IGM practices in its Statement regarding Ireland (PDF):

“Israel is concerned by the cases of medically unnecessary surgeries and other procedures on intersex children before they were able to provide their informed consent;”

The Human Rights Council will adopt the recommendations for Ireland today Friday 13 May 16–18h.

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) has recently reprimanded Ireland over IGM practices, considering them a “harmful practice” (like FGM) and calling on Ireland to “adopt legal provisions in order to provide redress to the victims of such treatment, including adequate compensation.” 

CAT to reprimand France over IGM Practices – Done!

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

Also today Friday 13 May concludes the 57th Session of the UN Committee against Torture (CAT), which knowledgeably questioned France over IGM practices and is hoped to issue strong binding recommendations for France.
France was also recently reprimanded over IGM practices by the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
UPDATE: UN reprimanded France over IGM! This marks the 11th reprimand by a UN Treaty Body to State complicit in the continuation of IGM.

12 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...

The Committee against Torture (CAT) has repeatedly considered Intersex Genital Mutilations as constituting at least inhuman treatment in breach of the Convention against Torture, and since 2011 reprimanded Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Hong Kong and France.

The Committee in the Rights of the Child (CRC) considers IGM as violence and a harmful practice (like FGM) and since 2015 reprimanded Switzerland, Chile, France and Ireland.

The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) also considers IGM as inhuman treatment and reprimanded Germany and Chile.

In all above 10 verdicts, the Committes issued binding recommendations to take legislative action to end the practice and/or to ensure access to redress and justice for IGM survivors.

In addition, the Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) as the governing body of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) is currently investigating IGM and called on Switzerland to disclose statistics.

>>> France Questioned over IGM Practices by the UN Committee against Torture
>>>
French Gov: IGM-Perpetrators "best suited" to "prevent" Mutilations

>>> intersex.shadowreport.org 

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

IGM as Torture or CIDT: UN-CAT Briefing
 1.  Personal Testimony – A Survivor's Perspective
 2.  IGM Practices as Torture or Cruel, Inhuman or
 Degrating Treatment (CIDT)       3.  Recommendations
>>> Download PDF (1.7 MB)   >>> Text only DOC 

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva.
>>> Download PDF (831kb

Thursday 12 May 2016

Why the UN Committee against Torture will reprimand France for Intersex Genital Mutilations, probably tomorrow Friday

 >>> Français
a

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookFrance is currently up for review of IGM practices at the
57th session of the UN Committee against Torture (CAT).

It must be duly noted that French paediatric surgeons are particularly adamant advocates of IGM practices, consciously dismissing to consider any human rights concerns, despite openly acknowledging knowledge of relevant criticisms by human rights and ethics bodies.  (CAT NGO Report, p. 11)

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

>>> France Questioned over IGM Practices by the UN Committee against Torture
>>>
"No law to protect intersex children from the daily mutilations in France”
>>>
UN Press Release on 57th CAT Session adresses IGM Practices in France 
>>>
IGM = "Harmful Practice" + "Violence": UN-CRC Reprimands France

3ieme partie: C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture de l'ONU va condamner la France pour les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes

a >>> 1ere partie    >>> 2ieme partie    >>> SRT Report    >>> Article Figaro    >>> ESPU/SPU standpoint

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookLes Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (MGI) constituent un "traitement inhumain" explicitament interdit par la Convention contre la Torture (CAT).

Le rapport soumis par Vincent Guillot et l'ONG internationale intersex StopIGM.org explique pourqoi la 57ieme session Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour faciliter et promouvoir ces graves violations des droits humains (p. 11):

“ A.1.d)  Les médecins français pratiquant les opérations MGI ignorent consciemment la question des droits humains

Il faut signaler que les chirurgiens pédiatriques français en particulier sont d'ardents défenseurs des pratiques MGI, déniant sciemment les questions de droits humains, malgré la connaissance du sujet que les critiques pertinentes des organisations des droits de l'homme et d'éthique ont largement diffusée.

Par exemple, le Professeur Alaa El-Ghoneimi (Hôpital universitaire mère-enfant Robert Debré, Paris – voir ci-dessus), a simplement rejeté le rapport 2013 du Rapporteur aux tortures le qualifiant « injuste ». (22)

Dans la même veine, le Professeur Pierre Mouriquand (Centre hospitalier universitaire de Lyon – voir ci-dessus- a rejeté à la fois le rapport du Rapporteur aux tortures de 2013 et Les Recommandations 2012 de la Commission nationale d’éthique dans le domaine de la médecine humaine, les qualifiant de « déclarations inappropriées et biaisées » et de « rapports biaisés et contreproductifs » tout en persistant dans sa volonté de continuer les opérations MGI. (23).

(22)   http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2013/11/01/01003-20131101ARTFIG00204-l-allemagne-devient-le-premier-pays-europeen-a-reconnaitre-un-troisieme-sexe.php 

(23)   (23) P. Mouriquand, A. Caldamone, P. Malone, J.D. Frank, P. Hoebeke, “The ESPU/SPU standpoint on the surgical management of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD)”, Journal of Pediatric Urology vol. 10, no. 1 (2014), p. 8-10, http://www.jpurol.com/article/S1477-5131(13)00313-6/pdf

>>> C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI
>>>
« En France, aucune loi protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes »
>>>
Comuniqué de Presse de l'ONU aborde les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes en France
>>> Le Comité de l' ONU contre la Torture questionne la France sur les MGI

     >>> Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC 
     >>> La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  
     >>> MGI = "Pratique Préjudiciable" + "Violence": UN-CRC réprimande la France

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Wednesday 11 May 2016

Mutilations Intersexes: "Seule la peur du juge va bouger les choses" (2)

>>> 1ere partie     >>> 3ieme partie     >>> Article Tribune de Genève 

Adapter le délai de prescription pour permettre aux survivants d'avoir recours à la justice et aux réparations, c'est un élément clé pour éliminer les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes !  

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookLes Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (MGI) constituent un "traitement inhumain" explicitament interdit par la Convention contre la Torture (CAT).

Le rapport soumis par Vincent Guillot et l'ONG internationale intersex StopIGM.org explique pourqoi la 57ième session Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour faciliter et promouvoir ces graves violations des droits humains (p. 13):

“ A.5.  Les obstacles à la réparation et à une compensation juste et appropriée

Le délai de prescription empêche les survivants qui ont subi des mutilations dans la petite enfance d'avoir recours à la justice parce que les personnes concernées n'accèdent à leur histoire médicale que bien plus tard dans leur vie, ce qui, combiné à de graves traumatismes provoqués par ces mutilations, conduit à des obstacles insurmontables. (30)

Même si le délai de prescription en France est n'a rien à envier aux pays voisins, dans les faits, il interdit toujours aux survivants de mutilations perpétrées dans la petite enfance d'avoir recours à la justice puisque les personnes concernées n'accèdent que tardivement dans leur vie à leur histoire médicale, et les graves traumatismes consécutifs aux mutilations génitales leur interdisent souvent de porter plainte dans les temps s'ils essaient. Jusqu'ici, aucun cas de plainte d'une victime des opérations de mutilations génitales n'a réussi eu de suite judiciaire. (voir cas n°2)

Le Gouvernement français refuse toujours de garantir que les interventions MGI non consenties et non nécessaires sur des mineurs soient reconnus comme des tortures ou des traitements inhumains (voir ci-dessus), ou comme des formes de mutilations génitales ou des pratiques préjudiciables,(31) ce qui donnerait des arguments pour empêcher les parents de donner leur consentement. En outre, l'État signataire refuse de procéder à des enquêtes impartiales, comme il s'oppose à la collecte de données, au contrôle et à la recherche désintéressée (voir ci-dessous p.46).

En plus, en dépit de la législation sur le droit du patient qui les oblige à le faire, les hôpitaux français sont souvent réticents à fournir un accès au dossier complet des patients. (voir cas n°1 et 2)

Cette situation n'est pas conforme avec les obligations de la France dans la Convention.

(30)   Au niveau mondial, aucun survivant de chirurgies précoces n'a jamais réussi à faire valoir leur cas devant un tribunal. Tous les procès pertinents (3 en Allemagne, 1 aux Etats Unis) concernaient soit des chirurgies sur des adultes ou ils étaient initié par des parents adoptifs.

(31)   CRC/C/FRA/CO/5, 4 février 2016, par. 47-48, http://stop.genitalmutilation.org/public/France_Concl-Obs_CRC_C_FRA_CO_5_22995_E.doc 

>>> C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI
>>>
« En France, aucune loi protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes »
>>>
Comuniqué de Presse de l'ONU aborde les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes en France
>>> Le Comité de l' ONU contre la Torture questionne la France sur les MGI

     >>> Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC 
     >>> La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  
     >>> MGI = "Pratique Préjudiciable" + "Violence": UN-CRC réprimande la France

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Tuesday 10 May 2016

"Intersex Controversy" in "Nature" - NEWS FLASH for Genital Mutilators!

IGM = Violence in Health Care Settings, NOT 'Controversy' or 'Debate'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook From the "Nature" article >>> "The spectrum of sex development: Eric Vilain and the intersex controversy" [sic!]: "Then, as now, the usual practice was to operate." – Quote by Eric Vilain: "You're basically calling doctors torturers when they're doing something considered standard medical practice."

NEWS FLASH for IGM Clinicians: Actually, it's not the "activists" maintaining Intersex Genital Mutilations constitute genital mutilation and a form of torture, but the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), so far 4 times condemning IGM as a "harmful practice" (yes, just like FGM, also in many places considered as "standard practice", and perpetrated in health care settings), and the UN Committee against Torture (CAT), so far 5 times condemning IGM as "inhuman treatment" in breach of the Convention against Torture, with both Committees insisting all contracting states must "take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures" BOTH to outlaw the practice AND to ensure access of survivors to reparations and justice.

Telling, how these well established but obviously inconvenient facts were once more "omitted" in this "scientific" report …

See also:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Geneva > France Questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations by UN Committee against Torture – Gov Denies & Diverts, Again!

>>> Français 

Jens Modvig, CAT Chairperson and co-rapporteur for France
asking the French delegation about IGM practices, Palais Wilson 19.04.2016, ca. 11:15h

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

France is currently up for review of IGM practices at the 57th session of the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) on
Tue 19 April 10:00-13:00h + Wed 20. April 15:00-18:00h.

The Session should be archived at treatybodywebcast.org.

StopIGM.org reported LIVE from Palais Wilson, and is currently completing the Unofficial Transcripts and Translations of Intersex Q&As:

Session 2, Wed 20.04.2016, 15-18h

18:02h: Chairperson Jens Modvig closes the session. Let's hope for strong binding recommendations to enact legislation BOTH to prevent IGM practices AND to ensure access to redress and justice for IGM survivors, due Friday 13 May (or soon after)!

18:00h: Closing remarks by the head of the French delegation.

17:51h: Disciplinary measures in prisons ... 17:30h: Session resumed. Delegation now talking about statutes of limitations (NOT regarding survivors of IGM of course) ...

17:15h: Intermission! Phew ...

Ca. 16:50h: Chairperson Jens Modvig follows up on intersex children! As a doctor himself, he points out the counselling shouldn't given by the surgeons convinced of themselves, but by others, including by IGM survivors (peer support). YAY!! :-)

«The last question I have is regarding the account on treatment of intersex people which is highly appreciated, but I think the worry here is, if those that do the treatment are those that give the counselling. Because you will always have a tendency, and I'm a medical doctor, I know it myself that we think it's so wonderful what we're able to do. And this gives a somewhat biased view. And I think the counselling that would be really useful to put in perspective the early surgery would involve much more neutral facilities, even persons who themselves have been subjected to intersex genital mutilation, so that parents and treatment people to a much larger degree could see the long-term impact of the treatment and actually the fact, that we don't know if it actually adds to quality of life. So I think this is maybe the desired situation, and not only that the surgeons themselves advise the parents. That could be considered a little bit too narrow.»

16:28h: Intersex children now up!
Pascal Froudière
(Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Directorate General of Social Cohesion, Delegate – Bureau of European and International Affairs) warmed up the usual excuses – mostly verbatim from earlier proclamations –, claiming IGM practices would not take place in France, but only "therapeutic treatments" allegedly justified by the "best interest of the child", and best dealt with by "expert doctors" in the infamous "reference centres for rare diseases of sex development" (notable for stubbornly continuing to advocate and perpetrate IGM, as documented in the NGO report (PDF), see p. 10-13). :-(

The French delegate then promptly changed the subject to "the question of sexual orientation and gender identity", which – in contrast to involuntary IGM treatments – of course would concern "fundamental rights" and therefore would be tackled as a top priority (a well-known and often-employed diversionary tactic, which Vincent Guillot explicitly criticised during the previous NGO meeting with CAT), while regarding IGM practices, first of all years of "extensive work" and debates would be necessary to first "better understand the problem" (the same diversion strategy also employed by the Frech Gov during the 2016 CRC examination of France). :-(

(Note: 90% of the French reply was lifted verbatim from a recent Gov statement in the French Senate – in the following translation marked bold.)

The Committee raised the question about children who are intersex at birth, that is to say newborns with an congenital anomaly that makes it difficult to determine their sex. It raised the question about the timing of the interventions and the consent of the concerned children themselves who require medical and/or surgical interventions, to postpone – and the consent of the concerned children themselves which in the interest of the child would require to postpone these interventions.

It's a complex subject related to both ethic questions and the rights of the human being, and particularly the rights of the child, the fight against discrimination, and healt issues, also there has to be a holistic approach to the subject.

So, before a therapeutic decision is made, those children need a multi disciplinary care in specialised competence centres, where endocrine and genetic analyses, as well as indispensible imaging methods will be performed, in order to determine the underlying illness, as well as the medical and surgical treatment options.

There is a reference centre in France, the centre for rare diseases of sex development, which includes two facilities, one in Lyon and one at the Hospital Kremlin-Bicêtre near Paris, and it works together with other reference centres for rare endocrine diseases. The close collaboration with a reference centre is essential for the diagnostic approach, the medical treatment and the indication for surgery, early or postponed, and the following care, as well as for the clinical research.

The indications for surgery can be difficult. Therefore, they are the subject of international discussions and studies, which admittedly aren't perfectly amicable. Those indications for surgery are mostly particular for every case and therefore require an individual, comprehensive and constant information of the parents.

The irreversible nature of some reconstructive surgery demands consideration of the medical findings, in particular the prognostic, as well as of the free choice of the parents and of the child, if it is able to express its will.

Whatever therapeutic treatment options are chosen, a permanent care is necessary to be able to evaluate the physical, sexual and psychological consequences of the treatments.

With such complex medical questions, which entail multiple lifelong consequences, the quality of the medical expertise and care, and of a continuous dialogue are best suited to guarantee compliance with the rights of the child. They must ensure to prevent any premature decisions and any action, which later may be experienced as intolerable mutilation.

Finally, regarding the question of sexual orientation and gender identity, this is familiar problem in Europe, since it raises medical questions, but also questions of fundamental rights.This question is the matter of current activities within the strategy for the rights of the child 2016-2021 and the "SOGI" unit of the Council of Europe, which is in charge of questions regarding sexual orientation and gender identity.

In France there is little information of this phenomenon available, so we need to carry out extensive work to be able to understand it better and to answer to it. That's why the National [Consultative] Ethics Committee will be tasked, before a position on the topic can be taken. Thank you.

16:22h: Psychiatric institutions now on: isolation, solitary confinement and use of restraints ...

16:15h: Senior police officers now answering questions regarding police violence and excessive use of force and (fire) arms, injury and deaths in custody, less lethal weapons, collateral damage, reports of sexual abuse by soldiers in Central Africa (statutory rape of minors), training on ethics, human rights, rules of engagement ...

16:01h: Now about training of security forces and medical officers (in detention settings).

15:51h: Moving on to vulnerable asylum seekers, and the "migrants in Calais".

15:46h: It's still about prisons, body and cavity searches, disciplinary measures, access to psychiatric care ...

15:06h: The session started now after a short delay (due to the French delegation failing to deliver their copies for the interpreters) and the live transmission is on! The first answers concern prisons.

14:46h: The French delegation just arrived, and today's session with the much anticipated answers of France to the damning questions by the Committee will start shortly. If everything works out, it will be transmitted live on the web. Anyways we'll keep you posted here!

Session 1, Tue 19.04.2016, 10-13h

Ca. 11:15h: CAT chairperson and co-rapporteur for France, Jens Modvig asked the French delegation about measures against Intersex Genital Mutilations in France! YAY!!!

«In terms of intersex children the Committee knows that in France doctors in public and private clinics regularly perform non-consensual Intersex Genital Mutilation surgeries on intersex infants and children despite the fact that Intersex Genital Mutilation has been found to cause severe pain and suffering.

Please inform the Committee whether counselling services and psychological support are provided to intersex children and their parents on an obligatory basis. Does the State Party intend to take any measures to protect the rights of intersex infants and children?»  

Ca. 11:30h: Committee member Sapana Pradhan-Malla referred to previous criticism by CAT and others continued to ask if France has any plans to to ensure access to redress and justice for IGM survivors! YAY!!!

«My third concern is, we have also received reports regarding the cruel and inhuman treatment of persons with intersex variations in France who are submitted to involuntarily masculinising or feminising genital surgeries, sterilising procedures, medical display, and unethical experimentation often during the first years of their life.

Persons concerned witness that such treatments cause lifetime harm and suffering, but such harmful practice is advocated by High Authority of Health paid for by public health insurance and practiced in public university clinics as well.

The Special Rapporteur on Torture as well as our Committee have made many critiques of such practices in many countries and recommended to take all appropriate measures to prevent such practice and also to ensure justice.

And therefore we would like to know, Madame, if your delegation is aware about such human rights violations in your country and if any legislative measures are planned to prevent involuntary treatment and also if you are trying to make any effort to ensure justice to such a human rights violation. Thank you.» 

12:59h: Chairperson Jens Modvig concludes today's 1st Session with France. The replies on intersex by the French delegation are due tomorrow during the 2nd Session, Wed 20. April 15:00-18:00h. To be continued ... 

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: 2016 UN-CAT Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Persons With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

>>> "No law to protect intersex children from the daily mutilations in France”
>>>
UN Press Release on 57th CAT Session adresses IGM Practices in France  

   >>> French Government: IGM-Perpetrators "best suited" to "prevent" Mutilations
   >>>
Minister Stalls & Diverts: France questioned over IGM by UN-CRC – Full Transcript 
   >>>
IGM = "Harmful Practice" + "Violence": UN-CRC Reprimands France

See also:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

IGM as Torture or CIDT: 2015 UN-CAT Briefing
 1.  Personal Testimony – A Survivor's Perspective
 2.  IGM Practices as Torture or Cruel, Inhuman or
 Degrating Treatment (CIDT)       3.  Recommendations
>>> Download PDF (1.7 MB)   >>> Text only DOC 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Friday 6 May 2016

"Corpi Plurali" - Intersex Course at Uni Padova

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

On the road in Italy for an intersex course this afternoon at the University of Padova, which will include a presentation by Daniela Truffer and Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org), and together with Italian intersex activist Claudia Balsamo (AISIA).

The course is organised by Daniela Crocetti (University Bologna), author of a remarkable english-langage thesis (PDF) which includes many interviews with Italian intersex people.

Thank you!

>>> Announcement on altrapsicologia.it

>>> Flyer by Uni Padova (PDF)

Sunday 1 May 2016

"In France, there is no law to protect intersex children from the daily mutilations” – Vincent Guillot at UN Committee against Torture

>>> Français

Bearing witness to IGM, 57th Session of the UN Committee against Torture:
Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org), Vincent Guillot (France), Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org)
Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebookat Palais Wilson before the NGO meeting with the Committe, Geneva 18.04.2016

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

France is currently up for review of IGM practices at the
57th session of the UN Committee against Torture (CAT).
The public Sessions should be archived at treatybodywebcast.org.
StopIGM.org reported LIVE
from Palais Wilson, and is currently in the process of >>> publishing Unofficial Transcripts and Translations of Intersex Q&As.
Hopefully another stern reprimand over IGM for France
is expected ca. Friday 13 May.

Read below the final part of the personal testimony by Vincent Guillot during the private NGO meeting with the Committee against Torture (CAT), Palais Wilson 18.04.2016, 17-18h:

«For more than ten years, I've been committed to ensure that intersex children should no longer suffer like me, but the politicians and the doctors refuse to listen.

For example, last November I sent a letter to the Ministries of Justice and Health, but I didn't get any reply.

Only after France was reprimanded by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, the public health insurance replied that the practice is, and I quote, “justified due to approval by the actors in public health.”

In the Senate, the Government announced to concentrate on civil status and gender identity issues instead, which for intersex children are marginal.

I'm still waiting on replies by the Ministry of Justice on the subject of the genital mutilations.

To this day, in France there is no law to protect intersex children from the daily mutilations.

I appeal to the Committee to oblige France to “take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures” [Art. 2 CAT] to protect intersex children.

Thank you.»

>>> France Questioned over IGM by the UN Committee against Torture!
>>>
UN Press Release on 57th CAT Session adresses IGM Practices in France 

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

>>> French Government: IGM-Perpetrators "best suited" to "prevent" Mutilations
>>>
Minister Stalls & Diverts: France questioned over IGM by UN-CRC – Full Transcript 
>>>
IGM = "Harmful Practice" + "Violence": UN-CRC Reprimands France

See also:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Sunday 24 April 2016

UN Press Release addresses Intersex Genital Mutilations in France

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'The UN has issued a >>> Press Release on the review of France by the UN Committe against Torture, which mentions the questions by the Committe on Intersex Genital Mutilations as well as the outrageous answer by the French delegation defending IGM practices by hook or by crook. Let's hope for strong binding recommendations for France by the Committee!

Read below the relevant excerpts on IGM in France:

The Committee against Torture reviews report of France - See more at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=19849&LangID=E#sthash.qxdfgV4n.dpuf
The Committee against Torture reviews report of France - See more at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=19849&LangID=E#sthash.qxdfgV4n.dpuf
The Committee against Torture reviews report of France - See more at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=19849&LangID=E#sthash.jsfLNpig.dpuf

The Committee against Torture reviews report of France

«The Chairperson, joined by other Experts, noted concerns with regard to violations of the rights of intersex children, including involuntary treatment.» 

«With regards to intersex children, a [French] delegate said that therapy was made on a case by case basis, with the best interest of the child taken into consideration and given due consideration and information to permanent consequences of such operations.» 

«JENS MODVIG, Chairperson of the Committee and Country Co-Rapporteur for France [...] Referring to the situation of intersex persons, he asked whether those doing the treatment were those doing the counselling.»

>>> Thematic NGO Report to Committee against Torture on IGM Practices in France  
>>>
France Questioned over IGM Practices by the UN Committee against Torture
>>>
French Government: IGM-Perpetrators "best suited" to "prevent" Mutilations
>>>
IGM = "Harmful Practice" + "Violence": UN-CRC Reprimands France

See also:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Saturday 23 April 2016

Comuniqué de Presse de l'ONU aborde la thématique des Mutilations Génitales Intersexes en France

Intersex Symbol with IGM=L'ONU a publié un >>> Comuniqué de Presse sur l'examen de la France par le Comité contre la torture, qui prend pour sujets les question du Comité concernant les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes, tout comme la réponse scandaleuse de la délégation française. On espère d'obtenir de fortes recommendations obligatoires pour la France par le Comité!

Voilà les extraits importants sur les MGI en France:

Le Comité contre la torture examine le rapport de la France

GENEVE (21 avril 2016) - Le Comité contre la torture a examiné, hier matin et cet après-midi, le rapport périodique présenté par la France sur les mesures qu'elle a prises pour mettre en œuvre la Convention contre la torture et autres peines ou traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants. [...]

La délégation a répondu aux questions qui lui étaient adressées par les membres du Comité s'agissant, notamment, [...] des interventions chirurgicales pratiquées sur des enfants intersexués. [...]

Le corapporteur [M. Modvig] a également abordé le problème posé par les interventions chirurgicales effectuées sur des enfants intersexués, alors que celles-ci sont désormais considérées comme aussi traumatisantes qu'illégitimes. [...]

Une experte [...] Abordant elle aussi la question de la chirurgie plastique pratiquée sur les enfants intersexués, elle a souhaité savoir si des mesures avaient été prises contre de tels traitements réalisés sans l'assentiment des personnes concernées.  Des mesures de réparations sont-elles possible à la suite de telles violations des droits de l'homme, a-t-elle demandé? [...]

Un expert [...] Un aide psychologique pour les personnes intersexuées qui ont été mutilées à la suite d'une opération chirurgicale semble indispensable, a-t-il par ailleurs estimé. [...]

En réponse aux préoccupations soulevées par les interventions chirurgicales rectificatives pratiquées sur des enfants intersexués, dont le genre est indéterminé à la naissance, la délégation a souligné qu'il s'agit d'un sujet complexe.  Le centre des maladies rares travaille sur cette question, a-t-elle ajouté.  Le recours à un centre de référence est fondamental dans la prise de décision, a également souligné la délégation.  Elle a rappelé qu'il n'y avait pas consensus sur d'éventuelles interventions irréversibles, qui peuvent potentiellement être vécues comme une mutilation inacceptable.  Le Comité national d'éthique va être saisi de cette question, a indiqué la délégation. [...]

>>> Mutilations Intersexes : « Seule la peur du juge va bouger les choses »
>>>
Le Comité de l' ONU contre la Torture questionne la France sur les MGI
>>>
Mutilations Genitales Intersexes: « Les politiciens et les médecins refusent d'écouter! »
>>> C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI

   >>> MGI = "Pratique Préjudiciable" + "Violence": UN-CRC réprimande la France
  
>>>
Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC 
   >>> La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Voir aussi:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Wednesday 20 April 2016

Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: la France interrogée par le Comité contre la Torture aujourd'hui

Une équipe d'ARTE enregistre l'examen de la France par le Comité contre la Torture (CAT)
pour un documentaire prévu pour le 28.05.2016, Palais Wilson 19.04.2016

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook Comuniqué de Presse par StopIGM.org 20.04.2016:

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

En Février la France a été condamnée par le Comité des Droits de l'Enfant de l'ONU pour les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes. Aujourd'hui le gouvernement français doit s'expliquer devant le Comité contre la Torture. Hier le président et d'autres membres du Comité ont critiqué la délégation française et ont demandé des "mesures judiciaires". >>> voir transcriptions

Vincent Guillot, en collaboration avec l'ONG internationale intersex StopIGM.org,a informé le Comité sur les graves violations des droits humains:

«Depuis plus de dix ans je m'engage pour que les enfants intersexes ne souffrent plus comme moi, mais les politiciens et les médecins refusent d'écouter.»

«Au sénat, le gouvernement a annoncé vouloir se concentrer sur des questions d'état-civil et d'identité de genre, questions marginales pour les enfants intersexes.»

«En France jusqu'à aujourd'hui il n'y a aucune loi qui protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes.» >>> voir plus

La réponse du gouvernement français sera retransmise aujourd'hui 15:00-18:00h EN DIRECT via treatybodywebcast.org. Vincent Guillot et StopIGM.org suivent l'examen de la France sur place à Genève.

Contexte: l'ONU condamne les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes

Le Comité des Droits de l'Enfant, le Comité contre la Torture et d'autres ont déjà reprimandé la France, l'Allemagne, la Suisse, le Denmark, l'Autriche et l'Irlande, et condamné les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes comme "pratique préjudiciable" et "traitement inhumain". Jusqu'à présent l'ONU a condamné les pratiques MGI 10 fois.

Actuellement le Comité contre la Torture examine la France pendant sa 57ième session.

Comme Vincent Guillot et StopIGM.org ont rapporté au Comité contre la Torture, en France aucune protection juridique ou d'un autre ordre ne protège l'intégrité physique et mentale des enfants intersexes, ni leur autonomie ni leur autodétermination, rien n'est fait non plus pour empêcher les opérations chirurgicales non consenties, inutiles médicalement, et irréversibles et les autres traitements nocifs connus sous le nom de Mutilations Génitales Intersexes.

Aujourd'hui, le Gouvernement français, bien qu'il prenne actuellement conscience de ce "sujet très récent", refuse catégoriquement de "prendre des mesures législatives, administratives, judiciaires et autres mesures efficaces" pour protéger les enfants intersexes. Au lieu de cela, il défend l'"expertise" des chirurgiens comme étant la plus adaptée pour "éviter" les pratiques "qui pourraient être perçues plus tard comme des mutilations insoutenables".

Au même moment, toutes les formes de mutilations génitales intersexes demeurent largement répandues et continuent, défendues par les organismes médicaux publics : la "Haute autorité de santé (HAS)", notamment à travers les "Recommandations de bonnes pratiques", et payée par la Sécurité sociale.

Actuellement, tous les grands hôpitaux universitaires, ou les cliniques pédiatriques régionales (y compris, mais pas seulement les "centres de référence pour les maladies rares du développement sexuel") emploient des médecins qui défendent, prescrivent et perpétuent les pratiques mutilantes.

Le groupe des droits humains international StopIGM.org exige l'interdiction des opérations génitales forcées sur des enfants et adolescents avec des variantes du sexe biologique et "Droits Humains pour les Hermaphrodites aussi!"

Les personnes concernées doivent pouvoir décider eux-mêmes plus tard, s'il veulent des opérations ou pas, et si oui, lesquelles.

Meilleures salutations

Daniela "Nella" Truffer, Markus Bauer
Membres fondateurs de l'ONG internationale StopIGM.org

Mobile +41 (0) 76 398 06 50
Mobile +41 (0) 78 829 12 60

presse_at_zwischengeschlecht.info

http://StopIGM.org

>>> Mutilations Intersexes : « Seule la peur du juge va bouger les choses »
>>>
« En France, aucune loi protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes »
>>>
Transcription: Le Comité contre la Torture (CAT) questionne la France sur les MGI
>>>
Comuniqué de Presse de l'ONU aborde les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes en France
>>> C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI
  

   >>> MGI = "Pratique Préjudiciable" + "Violence": UN-CRC réprimande la France
  
>>>
Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC 
   >>> La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Voir aussi:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture de l'ONU va condamner la France pour les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (1)

>>> English  

Rapport au Comité contre la Torture démontre les crimes contre enfants intersexes en France

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookLes Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (MGI) constituent un "traitement inhumain" explicitament interdit par la Convention contre la Torture (CAT).

Le rapport soumis par Vincent Guillot et l'ONG internationale intersex StopIGM.org explique pourqoi la 57ième session Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour faciliter et promouvoir ces graves violations des droits humains (p. 13):

A.4.  Absence de dispositions législatives, impunité des auteurs

L'article 2 de la Convention [contre la Torture] oblige les États signataires « à prendre des mesures législatives, administratives et judiciaires et d'autres pour empêcher tout acte de torture dans tous les territoires sous sa juridiction ». Le Commentaire général 2 affirme : « l'obligation de lutter concrètement contre les traitements inhumains est en lien et en accord avec l'obligation d'empêcher la torture » et impose de la même façon aux États signataires « d'éliminer tout obstacle législatif ou autre qui empêche l'éradication de la torture et des mauvais traitements, et de prendre des mesures positives et effectives pour s'assurer que de tels comportements et leur réapparition soient réellement empêchés. »

En conformité avec ces déclarations, au regard des Mutilation Genitales Intersexes, le Comité a déjà explicitement reconnu les obligations des États signataires de « prendre les mesures législatives, administratives et autres pour garantir le respect de l'intégrité physique et l'autodétermination des personnes intersexes, et de garantir qu'aucun nourrisson ne subisse de protocole médical et chirurgical qui ne présente pas d'urgence. » (26)

Cependant, la France, en tant qu'état signataire, bien qu'admettant aujourd'hui avoir été informée de « cette question très récente » (27) et avoir demandé au Comité consultatif national d’éthique pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé d'enquêter sur le sujet (28), refuse toujours « de prendre des mesures législatives, administratives, judiciaires et autres » pour protéger les enfants intersexes, mais au lieu de cela affirme que « l'expertise » des chirurgiens eux-mêmes serait plus adaptée pour garantir la lutte contre les graves violations des droits humains sur les enfants intersexes :

« Dans ces situations médicales complexes, aux conséquences multiples tout au long de la vie, la qualité de l'expertise, de la prise en charge et du dialogue continu est le meilleur garant du respect des droits de l'enfant. Elle doit permettre d'éviter toute décision hâtive et tout acte qui pourrait être vécu plus tard comme une mutilation inacceptable. » (29)

(26)  CAT/C/CHE/CO/7, 14 août 2015, para 20: http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/CAT_C_CHE_CO_7-Concl-Obs-Switzerland-2015_G1520151.pdf
(27)  porte-parole de la délégation française Laurence Rossignol pendant l'examen par le Comité aux droits de l'enfant à Genève le 13 janvier 2016, compte-rendu non officiel: http://stop.genitalmutilation.org/pages/Geneve-Comite-de-l-ONU-des-Droits-de-l-Enfant-questionne-la-France-sur-les-Mutilations-Genitales-Intersex
(28)  La ministre française pour la famille, et aux droits des femmes et des enfants actuelle Laurence Rossignol au Sénat au sujet de l’interdiction des mutilations génitales (10.02.2016) http://www.senat.fr/questions/base/2015/qSEQ15101276S.html
(29)
  ibid.

>>> Le Comité de l' ONU contre la Torture questionne la France sur les MGI!
>>>
Mutilations Genitales Intersexes: « Les politiciens et les médecins refusent d'écouter! »

   >>> MGI = "Pratique Préjudiciable" + "Violence": UN-CRC réprimande la France
  
>>>
Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC 
   >>> La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Voir aussi:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Tuesday 19 April 2016

« En France il n'y a aucune loi qui protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes » Vincent Guillot devant le Comité contre la torture

>>> English    

Témoignages sur MGI, 57ème Session du Comité de l'ONU contre la Torture:
Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org), Vincent Guillot (France), Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org)
Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebookau Palais Wilson avant de l'ONG briefing avec le Comité, Genève 18.04.2016

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'

C'est le tour de la France pour l'examen sur les pratiques MGI à la 57ème Session du Comité de l'ONU contre la Torture (CAT),
19. Avril 10:00-13:00h et 20. Avril 15:00-18:00h.

Retransmise EN DIRECT sur treatybodywebcast.org. StopIGM.org va rapporter du Palais Wilson, et va >>> publier ici des transcriptions non officielles des Questions et Réponses sur l'Intersexuation.

Ci-dessous la fin de l'intervention de Vincent Guillot pendant l'ONG briefing avec le Comité contre la Torture (CAT):

«Depuis plus de dix ans je m'engage pour que les enfants intersexes ne souffrent plus comme moi, mais les politiciens et les médecins refusent d'écouter.

Par exemple, en novembre dernier, j'ai envoyé une lettre aux ministres de la justice et de la santé mais je n'ai pas reçu de réponse.

C'est seulement après que la france ai été réprimandé par le comité des droits des enfants que l'assurance maladie publique m'a répondu que la pratique est- je cite- "justifiée car approuvée par les acteurs de santé".

Au sénat, le gouvernement a annoncé vouloir se concentrer sur des questions d'état-civil et d'identité de genre, questions marginales pour les enfants intersexes.

J'attends toujours la réponse du ministère de la justice au sujet des mutilations génitales.

En France jusqu'à aujourd'hui il n'y a aucune loi qui protège les enfants intersexes des mutilations quotidiennes.

J'appelle le comité à demander à la france de prendre "des mesures législatives, administratives, judiciaires et autres" pour protéger les enfants intersexes.

Merci.»

>>> Le Comité de l' ONU contre la Torture questionne la France sur les MGI!
>>> Comuniqué de Presse de l'ONU aborde les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes en France
>>> C'est pourquoi le Comité contre la Torture va condamner la France pour les MGI

   >>> Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: La France questionnée par UN-CRC 
   >>> La Ministre Bloque et Detourne - Transcriptions des Questions et Réponses MGI  
   >>> Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: L'ONU réprimande la France

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CAT NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Voir aussi:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Thursday 7 April 2016

IGM = Torture, NOT "Discrimination" or "Gender Identity"!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookUnfortunately, some important things still bear repeating ... how much longer?!

IGM is VIOLENCE, a HARMFUL PRACTICE comparable to FGM, and INHUMAN TREATMENT in breach of the UN convention against TORTURE, and by far the most common and most severe form of violence intersex people experience, and MUST STOP!

When talking, writing or lecturing about intersex and rightfully addressing violence against intersex people, it's not acceptable to count only comparatively rare cases of "verbal and physical abuse" and "bullying" while at the same time dismissing Intersex Genital Mutilations, framing IGM as "controversy" and "heated debate" over "health and medical services" instead.

Framing IGM not as violence, but as "health care", or under "discrimination" or "civil status and identity issues" is INTERSEX APPROPRIATION and actively siding with the perpetrators, and MUST STOP just as well!

See also:
10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Monday 4 April 2016

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: Report to the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) – So far 10 UN Verdicts Condemning IGM

>>> France Questioned over IGM Practices by the UN Committee against Torture

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'Intersex human rights defenders Vincent Guillot and StopIGM.org submitted a new thematic intersex NGO report for the upcoming CAT review of France, Tue 19 Apr 10-13h + Wed 20 Apr 15-18h.

The report includes updated sections on IGM in France and on legislation against IGM practices as a requirement under CAT, an updated bibliography of human rights bodies verdicts and NGO reports, and 2 case stories of IGM survivors.
 

NGO Report to the 7th Periodic Report of France on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

>>>  Download (PDF 3.71 MB)

Compiled by:
Vincent Guillot
Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org

 
Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook10 Verdicts by UN Treaty Bodies Condemning IGM – And Counting ...

The Committee against Torture (CAT) has repeatedly considered Intersex IGM as constituting at least inhuman treatment in breach of the Concention against Tortute, and already reprimanded Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark and Hong Kong.

The Committee in the Rights of the Child (CRC) considers IGM as violence and a harmful practice (like FGM) and so far reprimanded Switzerland, Chile, France and Ireland over IGM.

The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) also considers IGM as inhuman treatment and reprimanded Germany.

In all above 10 verdicts, the Committes issued binding recommendations to take legislative action to end the practice and/or to ensure access to redress and justice for IGM survivors.

In addition, the Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) as the governing body of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) is currently investigating IGM and called on Switzerland to disclose statistics.

>>> France Questioned over IGM Practices by the UN Committee against Torture
>>>
French Gov: IGM-Perpetrators "best suited" to "prevent" Mutilations 

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors! 

IGM as Torture or CIDT: 2015 UN-CAT Briefing
 1.  Personal Testimony – A Survivor's Perspective
 2.  IGM Practices as Torture or Cruel, Inhuman or
 Degrating Treatment (CIDT)       3.  Recommendations
>>> Download PDF (1.7 MB)   >>> Text only DOC 

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb

Sunday 27 March 2016

France > Government dismisses legislation to end Intersex Genital Mutilations, claims perpetrators "best suited" to "prevent" mutilations

>>> Deutsch

IGM = Violence in Health Care Settings, NOT 'Controversy' or 'Debate'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook “Gov doesn't feel the pain yet!” – In February 2016, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) reprimanded France, considering the ongoing genital surgeries on intersex children a "harmful practice" (like FGM), to be outlawed under multiple international treaties.
Laurence Rossignol, meanwhile French Minister of Family, Children and Women's Rights, had represented France in Geneva on this – as she called it – "extremely recent issue".

Addressing the French Senate four weeks later on 10.02.2016 Re: the French Gov's advocacy of – erm, (non-)position on – [TRIGGER!] Intersex Genital Mutilations, she just stalled & diverted some more (unofficial translation – read it and weep do something!):

Answer to question n° 1276S by Maryvonne Blondin, Senator of Finistère and Member of the Council of Europe, General Counsillor of Quimper  [ >>> Senate Log, p. 2485 ]

Reply by Mrs Laurence Rossignol, [photo: UN-CRC 71st Session, Geneva 14.01.2016], secretary of state with the Ministry of Social Affairs, Health and Women's Rights, in charge of issues regarding family, children, the elderly and the right to autonomy [now Minister of Family, Children and Women's Rights]:

« Madame senator, you are asking me about children who are intersex at birth, in other words newborn with an congenital anomaly, leading to difficulties to determine the sex of the newborn.

Fortunately, the occurrence of such cases is rare: the incidence at birth isn't well known, but lies within the range of one birth out of 5000, thus probably approximately 160 births every year [ BINGO! ]. Nevertheless, the low occurrence doesn't change the importance of the subject.

During it's review on January 13 and 14, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child questioned France on this topic. The Committee raised questions about the timing of the interventions and the consent of the concerned children themselves, which in the interest of the child would require to postpone these interventions.

Before a therapeutic decision is made, those children need a multi disciplinary care in specialised competence centres, where endocrinologic and genetic analyses, as well as indispensible imaging methods will be performed, in order to determine the underlying illness, as well as the medical and surgical treatment options.

Intersex: No Reckoning, No Reconciliation

There is a reference centre in France, the centre for rare diseases of sex development, which includes a facility in Lyon and one at the Hospital Kremlin-Bicêtre [Paris]; it works together with other reference centres for rare endocrine diseases. The close collaboration with a reference centre is essential for the diagnostic approach, the medical treatment and the indication for surgery, early or postponed, and the following care, as well as for the clinical research.

The indications for surgery can be difficult. Therefore, they are the subject of international discussions [ BINGO! ] and studies, which admittedly aren't perfectly amicable. The indications for surgery are mostly specific to every case and therefore require an individual, comprehensive and constant information of the parents.

The irreversible nature of some reconstructive surgery demands consideration of the medical findings, in particular the prognostic, as well as of the free choice of the parents and of the child, if it is able to express its will.

Whichever therapeutic treatment options are chosen, a permanent care is necessary to be able to evaluate the physical, sexual and psychological consequences of the treatments.

With such complex medical questions, which entail multiple lifelong consequences, the quality of the medical expertise and care, and of a continuous dialogue is best suited to guarantee compliance with the rights of the child. It must ensure to prevent any premature decisions and any action, which later may be experienced as intolerable mutilation.

Finally, regarding the question of sexual orientation and gender identity, this we agree on in Europe, is an issue. This question is the matter of current activities within the strategy for the rights of the child 2016-2021 and the "SOGI" unit of the Council of Europe, which is in charge of questions regarding sexual orientation and gender identity.

Given the complexity of the subject, which relates to ethical questions as well as the rights of the human person, the struggle against discrimination and questions of health, the National Consultative Ethics Committee for health and life sciences will be tasked with the matter, before the government will be able to take up a position. »

PS 1: In an additional reply to Rossignol's answer above, Senator Maryvonne Blondin claims a) in Germany unnecessary surgeries would be "postponed until the age of 15 years", at which age b) the children themselves could "really decide themselves". Unfortunately, a) is blatantly untrue, and b) actually isn't that straightforward.

PS 2: How typical is that: The French Gov plans to convene a "roundtable" on the topic of "children with undetermined sexual identity"  [sic!] on 12 May – IGM survivors are not invited!!!

PS 3: And on 4 April at Strasbourg University there's yet another pathologising "academic talk" titled “Intersexuation: from a vulnerable body to a malleable one?” (PDF) According to a newsletter by the Uni, a prominent pedo surgeon has been added to the panel, Prof. François Becmeur, the director of surgery (known for publicly advocating and defending IGM [youtube]) of the local pedo clinic at Uni Hospital "CHU Strasbourg"(where intersex babies are mutilated regularly) – while persons concerned are not invited, again!!! >>> Sign the petition at change.org

How much longer?!

>>> IGM = "Harmful Practice" + "Violence": UN-CRC Reprimands France

Intersex Genital Mutilations in France: CRC NGO Report 
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Most Common Forms  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>
>>  Download (PDF 3.41 MB)

   >>> Minister Stalls & Diverts: France questioned over IGM by UN – Full Transcript  
   >>> UN Media Release on the Session with France, mentions intersex

See also:
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condems IGM
Historic 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments over IGM 
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!  

IGM is a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

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