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Thursday 7 February 2019

CRC80 > Intersex Genital Mutilation: UN reprimands Belgium, Italy

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Photo: Nonviolent Intersex Protest @ UNHRC UPR #14, Geneva 20.10.2012

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookDuring its 80th Session in Geneva, the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) examined the human rights record of Belgium and Italy, grilling both State parties specifically on intersex and IGM.

Intersex advocates are delighted that the Committee today sternly reprimanded both States for Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM) under CRC art. 24(3) "harmful practices" (same as FGM), and in particular explicitly urged Belgium to "[p]rohibit the performance of unnecessary medical or surgical treatment on intersex children" and to "ensure [...] access [...] to effective remedies, including by lifting the statute of limitations", referring to the CRC-CEDAW Joint General Comment No. 18/31 "on harmful practices", and to target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals ("eliminate all harmful practices").

This latest reprimands for IGM practices by a UN treaty body mark
• the first reprimand for IGM for Belgium,
• already the 2nd reprimand for IGM for Italy,
• now 40 UN reprimands condemning IGM as a serious violation of non-derogable human rights.

Intersex NGO StopIGM.org together with intersex advocates Claudia Balsamo (Italy) and Thierry Bosman (Belgium), with the support of Intersexioni, Intersex Esiste and Intersex Belgium, and with additional help from Michela Balocchi, Daniela Crocetti and Londé Ngosso, had submitted substantial evidence of the ongoing IGM practices in both countries.

Please find below the full binding intersex recommendations for both Belgium and Italy, as well as links to the evidence submitted to the Committee and to the shocking denials and excuses of both States when questioned by the Committee in Geneva:

Belgium

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for PSWG) Intersex IGMIntersex Genital Mutilations in Belgium: 2018 CRC Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
IGM in Belgium  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (376 kb)

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for Session) Intersex IGMIGM in Belgium: 2018 Follow-Up Report (for Session)
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
Gov sidelines Intersex Advocates  International IGM Networks in Belgium
>>> Download as PDF (210 kb)

>>> CRC80 Belgium: Full Session Report, Transcripts, Videos
>>>
Belgique > Communiqué de l'ONU souligne l'absence de protection législative
>>> Full CRC Timeline Belgium 2018-2019

Belgium: Full Binding CRC80 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Full Concl Obs:
CRC/C/BEL/CO/5-6 --> paras 25(b)+26(e)

Harmful practices

25. The Committee notes with concern that:

[...]

(b) Intersex children are subjected to medically unnecessary surgeries and other procedures.

26. With reference to joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014) and taking into account target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party to:

[...]

(e) Prohibit the performance of unnecessary medical or surgical treatment on intersex children where those procedures can be safely deferred until children are able to provide their informed consent; ensure that intersex children and their families have access to adequate counselling and support and to effective remedies, including by lifting the statute of limitations.

Italy

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for PSWG) Intersex IGM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Italy: 2018 CRC Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
IGM in Italy  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (391 kb)

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for Session) Intersex IGMIGM in Italy: 2018 Follow-Up Report (for Session)
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
IGM Statistics  International IGM Networks in Italy  Testimonies
>>> Download as PDF (450 kb)

>>> CRC80 Italy: Full Session Report, Transcripts, Videos
>>>
Italy > Intersex Genital Mutilation: Gov Denial makes UN Press Release
>>> Full CRC Timeline Italy 2018-2019

Italy: Full Binding CRC80 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Full Concl Obs:
CRC/C/ITA/CO/5-6 --> para 23

Harmful practices

23. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Develop and implement a child rights-based health-care protocol for intersex children, setting the procedures and steps to be followed by health teams, ensuring that no one is subjected to unnecessary medical or surgical treatment during infancy or childhood, guarantee bodily integrity, autonomy and self-determination to children concerned, and provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support;

(b) Educate and train medical and psychological professionals on the range of sexual, and related biological and physical, diversity and on the consequences of unnecessary surgical and other medical interventions for intersex children.

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
40 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Saturday 2 February 2019

Italy > Intersex Genital Mutilation: Gov Denial makes UN Press Release

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Both the English and the French UN press releases on the review of Italy by the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on 22.-23.02.2019 feature the questions of the Committee Expert about IGM and reparations, and how Italy quickly changed the subject, non-answering on "trans law" and "3rd gender" instead (however both releases don't include the follow-up Q&A, see full report):

“Committee on the Rights of the Child reviews the situation of children in Italy”
>>> UN Press Release (23.01.2019)

Questions by the Committee Experts

[...]

The delegation was asked about the procedure in place when an intersex child was born, and whether surgeries and medical procedures performed without consent were prosecuted.

Replies by the Delegation

[...]

Gender assignment surgery was regulated by the 1982 law which prescribed that the cost of operating on ambiguous genitalia was covered by the State.  In 2015, the Constitutional Court had restated the principle for the need of a judicial review on sex change in old cases.  Italy would amend the sex determination on the certificate of birth assistance to include also the category of undetermined. 

[...]

“Le Comité des droits de l’enfant a examine le rapport de l'Italie”
>>> Communique de presse de l'ONU (23.01.2019)

Examen du rapport

Questions et observations des membres du Comité

[...] 

[...]  Ce même expert a demandé s’il était toujours possible en Italie d’imposer une intervention chirurgicale aux enfants intersexes et si les enfants concernés pouvaient obtenir des réparations. 

[...]

Réponses de la délégation

[...]

La délégation a expliqué que l’attribution du sexe est régie par la loi.  Le recours à une intervention chirurgicale n’est permis qu’en cas de « sexualité ambiguë », a-t-elle précisé, expliquant qu’il faut alors chercher à favoriser les facteurs dominants.  Les modalités de changement de sexe doivent faire l’objet d’un contrôle judiciaire, a souligné la délégation.  Le traitement chirurgical est un instrument auquel il peut éventuellement être recouru pour assurer le bien-être psychique des personnes concernées, a indiqué la délégation.  Elle a fait état d’un projet de loi qui prévoit qu’à la naissance, le sexe puisse être mentionné comme étant masculin, féminin ou indéterminé.

[...]

>>> Italy + Belgium > UN-CRC80 to examine Intersex Genital Mutilation
>>> Italy > Asked about intersex, Gov replies on trans + "3rd gender"
>>> Belgium > Gov claims it's "medical treatment", not human rights issue

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Sunday 27 January 2019

Belgique > Mutilations Génitales Intersexes: Communiqué de l'ONU souligne l'absence de protection législative

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Le Comité des droits de l'enfant (CRC) de l'ONU a interrogé la Belgique sur les mutilations génitales intersexes (MGI) à l'occasion de son examen périodique à la 80ème session du CRC à Genève (>>> transcription complète en anglais).

Maintenant, un >>> communiqué de presse de l'ONU sur l'examen met en lumière les questions-réponses sur les personnes intersexes :

“La délégation a dit qu’il n’y avait pas en Belgique « d’interdiction légale des interventions médicales non vitales » sur des enfants intersexués.  Le patient mineur qui est apte à estimer son propre intérêt a son mot à dire dans de telles interventions.  Il appartient au praticien d’évaluer la maturité du jeune patient.  Le mineur capable de discernement peut refuser un traitement, y compris un traitement vital, a indiqué la délégation.”

Le Comité publiera ses recommandations contraignantes pour la Belgique en février. Espérons une réprimande forte à la Belgique pour sa complicité dans les pratiques de MGI !

>>> Italy + Belgium > UN-CRC80 to examine Intersex Genital Mutilation
>>> Belgium > Gov claims it's "medical treatment", not human rights issue
>>>
Italy > Asked about intersex, Gov replies on trans + "3rd gender"

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Thursday 24 January 2019

CRC80 > TRANSCRIPT + VIDEO: Belgium questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilation by UN - Gov denies, claims it's "Medical Treatment"

UN-CRC 80th Session @ Palais Wilson, Geneva 24.01.2018: Getting ready ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookStopIGM.org together with Belgian intersex advocate Thierry Bosman, with the support of Intersex Belgium, and with additional help from Londé Ngosso submitted 2 comprehensive NGO Reports on the Situation of Intersex People in Belgium to CRC, which demonstrate that intersex genital mutilation practices continue in Belgium, and during the Pre-Session on 04.06.2018 briefed the Committee with a Joint intersex Statement.

>>> Full CRC Timeline Belgium 2018-2019

During the 80th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Committe is examining the human rights record of Belgium on 24-25 January 2019, with both Session being transmitted on webtv.un.org. StopIGM.org is reporting LIVE from Geneva, hoping the Committee will ask tough questions on IGM practices in Belgium!

Session 1, Thu 24 January 2019, 15-18h

15:50h: (Video @ ca. 00:50:00)YAY!! Committee expert and Country co-rapporteur Ms. Velina Todorova (Bulgaria) raises intersex children and IGM! Criticises non-urgent irreversible surgery and prenatal treatment before the children are old enough to provide informed consent. Asks for statistics. How does the government plan to adress this issue? Maintains this is both an issue of harmful practices and child participation. :-)  Unofficial Transcript:

«Intersex children. We have been informed that many non-urgent, irreversible surgical and other procedures including prenatal have been undertaken on intersex children before an age at which that they are able to provide informed consent. Is there statistics available on this matter, and how does the government plan to address this issue? It is both a matter of harmful practice and of participation. The child should be able to agree or disagree on a matter affecting his or her identity.»

Session 2, Fri 25 January 2019, 10-13h

11:24h: (Video @ ca. 01:24:00) Non-answer on "medical procedures for intersex children" by Ms. Christel de Craim, Representative of the Minister of Justice to the National Commission of the Rights of the Child. Refers to Belgian Constitution art. 22bis which guarantees the right to physical integrity, however, there's no law prohibiting non-vital procedures on intersex children. Decisions are made by parents, medical personnel and the child if old enough. There is no fixed age for children to be able to consent. Mentions trans law of 25 June 2017, but then says herself that this is off-topic. No answers on statistics and how to address human rights issues ... :-( (Though kudos for publicly noticing trans legislation is not relevant to intersex children!) Unofficial Translation from original French:

«Ms. Karen van Laethem (President of National Commission on the Rights of the Child): There was a rather specific question on medical procedures for intersex children.»

«Ms. Christel de Craim: Indeed, Article 22bis of the Belgian Constitution provides that every child has the right to respect for his or her moral, physical, psychological and sexual integrity, but there is no legal prohibition in Belgium of non-vital treatment or interventions concerning intersex children who do not have the capacity of discernment to make such a decision.

Article 12 of the Law of 22 August 2002 on the patient's right stipulates that, depending on age and maturity, the patient is involved in the exercise of his rights.The rights listed in this law may be exercised autonomously by the minor patient who may be considered capable of reasonably assessing his or her interests. When choosing a medical treatment for a child several people are involved, the parents, the caregiver and of course the child himself.

Belgian legislation does not impose age limits because they are relative. The practitioner or caregiver must actually assess the maturity of the minor and verify whether he or she is competent for all or only one of the patient's rights. Nevertheless, the minor who has the capacity for discernment may exercise the right to refuse medical treatment autonomously, this could also include the refusal of vital treatment. 

Concerning the law of 25 June 2017 reforming the regimes relating to transgender persons regarding the mention of a change in the registration of sex in civil status records and its effects, it is, in my opinion, something else and it makes no sense to mention them here. Thank you.»

>>> Belgique > Communiqué de l'ONU souligne l'absence de protection législative
>>> Italy + Belgium > UN-CRC80 to examine Intersex Genital Mutilation

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Italy + Belgium > UN-CRC80 to examine Intersex Genital Mutilation

>>> Italy > Asked about intersex, Gov replies on trans + "3rd gender"
>>> Belgium > Gov claims it's "medical treatment", not human rights issue

Photo taken from the cover of the 2018 Belgium NGO Report (for Session): Ghent University Hospital, 12.06.2015

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookDuring the 80th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in Geneva, this week the Committee will examine the human rights record of Italy (22.-23.01.) and Belgium (24.-25.01.). In the run-up to the Session, the Committee had already asked both State parties questions specifically on intersex and IGM.

Intersex NGO StopIGM.org together with intersex advocates Claudia Balsamo (Italy) and Thierry Bosman (Belgium), with the support of Intersexioni, Intersex Esiste and Intersex Belgium, and with additional help from Michela Balocchi, Daniela Crocetti and Londé Ngosso, had submitted substantial evidence of the ongoing IGM practices in both countries:

Italy (22.-23.01.)

Review of the human rights record of Italy during the 80th CRC Session in Geneva, archived on webtv.un.org:
   Session 1: Tue 22 January 2019, 15-18h Report | Video
   Session 2: Wed 23 January 2019, 10-13h  Report | Video
   When CRC asked about harmful practices on intersex children,
   Italy answered on trans legislation and 3rd gender in birth assistance certificates ...

   >>> CRC80 Italy Session Report, Transcripts, Videos
   >>>
Italy > Intersex Genital Mutilation: Gov Denial makes UN Press Release

>>> Full CRC Timeline Italy 2018-2019

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for PSWG) Intersex IGM

In March 2018, the initial Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for PSWG) (PDF) provided solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Italy, advocated and paid for by the State party (p. 10-14). In addition, it shows how Italian case law promotes and endorses IGM by punishing its prevention (p. 11-12).

The Committe then asked Italy questions on intersex and IGM in its List of Issues (LOI), which Italy had to reply to in writing.

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for Session) Intersex IGMIn December 2018, the follow-up Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for Session) (PDF) investigated the statistic claims made by Italy in its replies to the LOI, and documented much higher numbers published by Italian IGM doctors themselves (p. 10-12).

It also contains personal testimonies from IGM survivors (p. 14-19), and extensive evidence of the most common IGM practices in Italy (p. 20-24).

Belgium (24.-25.01.)

Review of the human rights record of Belgium during the 80th CRC Session in Geneva, to be transmitted LIVE on webtv.un.org:
   Session 1: Thu 24 January 2019, 15-18h Report | Video
   Session 2: Fr 25 January 2019, 10-13h Report | Video
  
When CRC asked about harmful practices on intersex children,
   Belgium replied it's "medical treatment" , not a human rights issue ...

   >>> CRC80 Belgium Session Report, Transcripts, Videos
   >>>
Belgique > Communiqué de l'ONU souligne l'absence de protection législative 

>>> Full CRC Timeline Belgium 2018-2019

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for PSWG) Intersex IGM

In March 2018, the initial Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for PSWG) (PDF) provided solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Belgium, advocated and paid for by the State party via the Public Health Service, and facilitated in public University Children's Hospitals (p. 10-12).
In addition, it demonstrated that also children from neighbouring Luxembourg are sent to Belgium for IGM practices, particularly to the Ghent University Hospital (p. 12), and showed how Belgian IGM doctors consciously dismiss human rights (p. 13-14), the lack of independent data collection and monitoring (14) and obstacles to redress for IGM survivors (p. 14).

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for Session) Intersex IGM In December 2018, the follow-up Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for Session) (PDF) documents recent developments including also children from Luxembourg and Malta submitted to IGM in Belgium (p. 7), Belgian hospitals involved in international IGM networks (p. 7-8), and how Belgian government bodies, in the name of promoting "Rights of intersex people", in fact further promote and subsidise IGM practicioners and their institutions (p. 8-10); and it investigates the claims made by Belgium in its answers to the LOI (p. 11-14). The submitted version of the Report also contains a personal testimony of an IGM survivor (not included in the public version).

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Wednesday 23 January 2019

CRC80 > VIDEO + TRANSCRIPT: Italy questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilation by UN – Gov "replies" on Trans + "3rd Gender"

UN-CRC 80th Session @ Palais Wilson, Geneva 22.01.2018: Gearing up ...
On the left: Italian intersex advocate Claudia Balsamo and StopIGM.org's Daniela Truffer with the follow-up Intersex NGO Report for the Session. (Photo: Markus Bauer)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookStopIGM.org together with Italian intersex advocate Claudia Balsamo, with the support of Intersexioni and Intersex Esiste, and with additional help from Michela Balocchi and Daniela Crocetti submitted 2 comprehensive NGO Reports on the Situation of Intersex People in Italy to CRC, which demonstrate that intersex genital mutilation practices continue in Italy, and during the Pre-Session on 06.06.2018 briefed the Committee with a Joint intersex Statement (PDF).

>>> Full CRC Timeline Italy 2018-2019

During the 80th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Committe is examining the human rights record of Italy on 22-23 January 2019, with both Session being transmitted on webtv.un.org. StopIGM.org is reporting LIVE from Geneva, hoping the Committee will ask tough questions on IGM practices in Italy!

Session 1, Tue 22 January 2019, 15-18h

16:01h: (Video @ ca. 01:01:00)YAY!! Committee expert and Country co-rapporteur Mr. Jorge Cardona Llorens (Spain) raises harmful practices on intersex children under violence, asking about protocols, incidents of involuntary unnecessary procedures, and legal provisions regarding prevention and remedy! :-) Unofficial Translation from original Spanish:

«I shall end, Madam President, with very brief questions in relation to intersex children.
What is the health care protocol for intersex children?
What procedures and steps should health teams follow when an intersex child is born?
Are any of these children undergoing medical or surgical treatment?
What kind of support is planned to provide appropriate counselling and support to families of intersex children?
In relation to this, have incidents of surgical and other medical treatment without informed consent come to our attention, have they carried out an investigation into this? If so, do they have legal provisions in place to provide redress to victims of such treatment?
What training do medical professionals and psychologists receive on the sexual, biological and physical diversity associated with this phenomenon, and on the consequences of unnecessary surgical and other medical interventions for intersex children?»

17:21h: (Video @ ca. 02:21:00Prof. Salvatore Sciacchitano, endocrinologist and Head Secretary at the Ministry of Health, non-answers on intersex: While the question was about intersex and IGM, he shortly claimed this would be "therapeutic heath care procedures" the quickly changed subject and instead "replied" on Transgender (referring to law 164 of 1982 about changing legal sex) ... He also raised environmental pollution causing intersex in the Veneto region. :-( Unofficial Translation from original Italian:

«I gladly answer the question of the Spanish commission member in my capacity as representative of the ministry of health and [...] in my capacity as endocrinologist. The question referred to sexual differentiation disorders. in the health field, the path of surgical and registry attribution of sex is regulated in Italy by law 164 of 1982 [= "Law on Transsexualism"!].

The medical-surgical treatment provided for by law number 164 of 1982 is necessary only if there is a condition of conflict of the so-called ambiguous genitalia. I would like to point out that the Constitutional Court in 1985 sanctioned that sexual identity takes into account not only external sexual characteristics, but also psychological and social elements, resulting in a conception of sex as a complex data of personality determined by a set of factors whose balance must be facilitated or sought by favoring the dominant factor or factors.

Recently, our constitutional court ruled again in october 2015 reaffirming the principle that it remains inevitable a rigorous judicial assessment of the manner in which the change occurred and its definitive character. The court specified that compared to the change of sex, surgical treatment is a possible tool to help achieve a full psychological and physical well-being of the person.

And I would also like to mention the National Committee for Bioethics, which in 2010 issued an opinion on disorders of sexual differentiation in particular in children and in particular related to diseases that may occur in children. The National Committee for Bioethics focuses in particular on the consideration of the so-called exceptional cases where there are no objective indications for the sexual assignment.

The current legislation governing the declaration of sex at birth dating back to november 2000 is supplemented with a confidential note based on rigorous and complete medical certification of the disease from which the newborn suffers, so as to allow later, if necessary, a correction of the indication of age through a more simplified procedure than that provided for by law.

I would also like to mention that in these days our ministry is engaged together with the Veneto region on a large number of cases recorded in this region of disorders of sexual differentiation in fetuses of mothers subjected to water pollution with perfluoralkylic substances, so called PHAS, resulting from the processing of plastic materials, that have damaged the fetuses especially males of contaminated mothers causing dysfunction of their sexual differentiation. Our ministry of health is therefore also engaged in the front of prevention and research and identification of possible causes of disorders in particular those caused by environmental pollutants. Thank you.»

17:23h: (Video @ ca. 02:23:00Ms. Serena Battilomo, Director of Office IX on protection of women's health and vulnerable individuals at the Ministry of Health additionally "replied" on a new 3rd gender in birth assistance certificates ("M, F, Indeterminate") ... :-( Unofficial Translation from original Italian:

«I add a single element of updating about the fact that recently we are updating the birth assistance certificate I mentioned before for a new outline that in terms of indication of sex to the unborn child, while today provides male or female and then a description of female and male genitalia, we will replace everything instead with male or female or indeterminate  because the condition at that time is not identifiable, just to take into account the specificity of these cases and accompany them in the definition and in time.»

Session 2, Wed 23 January 2019, 10-13h

11:46h: (Video @ ca. 01:46:00) YAY!! Committee expert and Country co-rapporteur Mr. Jorge Cardona Llorens (Spain) follows up on intersex and IGM! Clarifies answer was rather on trans issues, not intersex children. Repeats: What is the current protocol for intersex procedures, who decides? :-) Unofficial Translation from original Spanish:

«The answers regarding intersex children were answers that had more to do with trans children, but not intersex children. They intervene surgically when the child is born, it is the parents and the doctor who decide what sex the child is going to have when it is not clear? Their genitals, what do they belong to, who decides that? What is the protocol for acting?»

12:43h: (Video @ ca. 02:43:00) More non-answers on intersex by Prof. Salvatore Sciacchitano, endocrinologist and Head Secretary at the Ministry of Health: Reads out the unrealistically low numbers on "urogenital surgery" from the State report Annex (discussed in the NGO Report for Session, p. 10-12), claims all surgery decisions were only taken after the child has consented. :-( Unofficial Translation from original Italian:

«Yes, thank you, Salvatore Sciacchitano, Ministry of Health. I answer the questions of the Spanish Commissioner regarding sexual differentiation disorders, saying that reference has been made to the codes of the international classification of diseases, the codes of surgery, as well as data extracted from hospital admissions.

According to the Chicago Consensus Conference of 2006, sexual differentiation disorders have been established to be due to a series of diseases such as Klinefelter syndrome, gonadal dysgenesis, indeterminate sex pseudo-hermaphroditism, sexual chromosome abnormalities, other [incomprehensible] testicular functions, androgenic resistance syndrome or morris syndrome, adrenogenital syndrome.

I refer [incomprehensible] to all the procedures that are always included for the same codes as surgical procedures and appoint urogenital apparatus surgeries, and I stress urogenital, and I will say that in the selection of all that is the case study we received, we used criteria of age between 0 and 17 years, and taking into account the peculiarity of the expression of informed consent of minors in relation to the gradual ability to discern. The third element of data provision was the SDO system. The SDO system consists of the hospital disposal forms referring to the years 2015, 2016 and 2017, where we have separated all the pathologies that referred to subjects between 0 and 17 years, and of these we have made a comparative assessment with other states.

We have therefore what is the percentage with which surgery was used in the diagnosis of sexual differentiation disorder for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017. In 2015, surgery was used in 0.8% of the diagnoses, in 2015 in 0.9, pardon me, in 2015 in 0.8, in 2016 in 0.9, in 2017 in 0.2 percent of sexual differentiation disorders were surgically treated.

A total of 2017 1252 cases of sexual differentiation disorders were diagnosed, and three cases were surgically treated in 2017. They are a 13-year-old male, a 2-year-old female, and another 16-year-old female. In the decision he chose the surgeon, after hearing the parents, and in the case of a minor with discernment skills was also heard the minor, and therefore we have two who were aged 13 and 16 years.

I repeat the concept, these are urogenital interventions, so in some of these probably the concern was to ensure the function of urination.»

>>> Italy > Intersex Genital Mutilation: Gov Denial makes UN Press Release
>>> Italy + Belgium > UN-CRC80 to examine Intersex Genital Mutilation

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Saturday 8 December 2018

Netherlands > "Punish Perpetrators, Compensate Victims": UN Committee Against Torture Condemns Intersex Genital Mutilation

IGM = Torture, NOT 'Discrimination' or 'Gender Identity'Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookDuring its 65th Session in Geneva, the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) investigated IGM practices in the Netherlands.

Now the Committee sternly reprimanded the Netherlands, unmistakably condemning "unnecessary and irreversible surgery and other medical treatment [...] performed on intersex children without informed consent and impartial counselling" as well as the"[lack of] any inquiry, sanction or reparation and that there is no specific legal provisions providing redress and rehabilitation to the victims".

UN-CAT further explicitly obliged the Netherlands government to "[t]ake the legislative, administrative and other measures necessary to guarantee the respect for the physical integrity and autonomy of intersex persons", to "[g]uarantee impartial counselling services and psychological and social support for all intersex children and their parents", to "[u]ndertake investigation" of cases IGM practices, "punish perpetrators" and "ensure that the victims are provided with redress including adequate compensation" (see full binding recommendations below after the break).

This marks the first reprimand for IGM issued by CAT in over 2 years (since the last to France in spring 2016) and the 7th by CAT in total, as well as the 2nd UN reprimand for the Netherlands (after CEDAW in winter 2016) recognising IGM as a serious violation of non-derogable human rights, and the 38th such UN reprimand in total (see complete list).

Congratulations to Nederlandse organisatie voor seksediversiteit (NNID) and everybody involved!

Read below excerpts from and references to all relevant documents during the CAT review of the Netherlands, starting with a good question on IGM by the Committee in its "List of Issues prior to Reporting (LoIPR)":

Continue reading...

Thursday 6 December 2018

Nepal > UN-CEDAW condemns Intersex Infanticide & Genital Mutilation

Photo: 1st Nepali Intersex National Workshop 2016, co-organised by Esam Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai  >>> More info

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookThe UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW) condemned “infanticide, forced marriage and medically unnecessary procedures” on intersex children in Nepal as a “harmful practice” (just like FGM).
Nepal
, already reprimanded by the UN Child Rights Committee (CRC) in 2016, remained silent on questions by CEDAW experts in Geneva.
CEDAW now calls on Nepal to “prohibit”
and “prosecute” such acts, and to ensure “effective remedies for victims”.
Nepal can no longer ignore harmful practices on intersex people! (Nor continue to falsely claim to prevent harmful practices by introducing a “3rd gender in legal documents” and generally misrepresent intersex as “transgender”.)

During its 71st Session in Geneva, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) examined the human rights record of Nepal.

Nepali intersex advocates Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai together with StopIGM.org submitted a Joint Thematic Intersex NGO Report (PDF) and briefed the Committee, providing compelling evidence. CEDAW then raised these serious violations with Nepal, first in the written questions in the List of Issue (LOI) and then during the Session in Geneva – both times, the Nepali Government remained silent.

The intersex advocates welcome the strong binding recommendations (fulltext see below) now issued by the Committe, explicitly condemning infanticide, genital mutilation and other harmful practices on Nepali intersex people in Nepal – both domestic and abroad!
  

Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai (Nepali intersex advocates):

“These renewed Concluding Observations by CEDAW are another milestone for the rights and dignity of intersex people in Nepal, yet there is still much to do. We hope that this strong recommendations will break through the differences in the discussion on intersex issues and that Nepal will take a leap for change!”
       

Daniela Truffer and Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org):

“This marks the first time that CEDAW (or any UN Committee) explicitly addressed intersex infanticide in Concluding observations. Intersex advocates in Africa [1] [2] [3] [4] [5], Asia and South America have long denounced intersex infanticide and child abandonment as a pressing issue, same as genital mutilations in in ‘western’ children's clinics. Also CRC already explicitly condemned medical genital mutilation and massive bullying preventing intersex children from attending school in Nepal as harmful practices. These serious violations must stop!”
       

Nepal: Full Binding CEDAW71 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Full Concl Obs:
CEDAW/C/NPL/CO/6 --> paras 18(c),(d) – 19(a),(c),(d)
>>> 2018 CEDAW Joint Intersex NGO Report (PDF) | Joint Intersex Statement (PDF) 
>>>
UN Press Releases Highlight Intersex Infanticide and IGM in Nepal
>>>
Timeline Nepal CEDAW 2018

Stereotypes and harmful practices

18.   The Committee welcomes the criminalization of a number of harmful practices, including chhaupadi, dowry, accusation of witchcraft, discrimination against Dalit and child marriage. It, however, expresses concern at:

       [..]

       (c)    Discrimination against intersex persons, namely abuse, reported infanticide, forced marriage and conduct of medically unnecessary procedures on Nepali intersex infants and children, on the territory of the State party or abroad, before they reach an age when they are able to provide their free, prior and informed consent;

       (d)    Underreporting of harmful practices and insufficient short- and long-term support for victims.

19.    Recalling its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/NPL/CO/4-5, para. 18), the Committee recommends that the State party, in line with the Joint General Recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices, as well as with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals, which calls for the elimination of all harmful practices:

       (a)    Expedite (i) the adoption of legislation prohibiting all forms of harmful traditional practices, investigate and prosecute the perpetrators of such practices, impose adequate sanctions and provide compensation to victims; and (ii) the development of a comprehensive strategy, with concrete goals and resources, in collaboration with civil society and local government, to raise awareness of all stakeholders, including the police, the judiciary, village-based health networks, as well as of religious and community leaders on legislation on harmful practices and on the effects of these practices on the lives of women and girls;

       [...]

       (c)    Adopt legislative provisions that explicitly prohibit the performance of unnecessary surgical or other medical procedures on intersex children before they reach the legal age of consent, and train medical and psychological professionals on the rights of intersex persons;

       (d)    Ensure that victims of harmful practices can file complaints without fear of retribution or stigma and have access to effective remedies and victim support, such as legal, social, medical and psychological assistance and shelters.
  

2018-CEDAW-Nepal-NGO-Intersex-IGMM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepal: 2018 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
Infanticide + IGM in Nepal  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (328 kb)

>>> 2018 CEDAW Joint Intersex Statement Nepal (PDF)
>>> UN Press Releases Highlight Intersex Infanticide and IGM in Nepal
>>>
Timeline Nepal CEDAW 2018

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Saturday 24 November 2018

CEDAW71 > TRANSCRIPT + VIDEO: Nepal questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilation by UN Women's Rights Committee - Gov silent ...

CEDAW 71st Session @ Palais des Nations, Geneva 23.10.2018, 09:54h: Getting ready ...

2018-CEDAW-Nepal-NGO-Intersex-IGMZwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookTuesday 23 October 2018 in Geneva, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) examined the human rights record of Nepal as a contracting State party to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. This public examination is also archived on webtv.un.org:
VIDEO Session 1 with Committee questions:
10-13h CET [Nepal: 13:45–16:45h]
VIDEO Session 2
with Nepal's (non-)answers and follow-up questions: 15-17h CET [Nepal: 18:45–20:45h]
>>> CEDAW Nepal Timeline 2018 

In addition, on Monday 22 October, 15:00–16:30h CEST [Nepal: 18:45–19:15h] there was a public hearing with Nepali NGOs, also archived on webtv.un.org (intersex @ 20:05).
>>> Joint Intersex NGO Statement (PDF)
>>>
Extended Private Meeting Joint Intersex NGO Statement (PDF)
>>>
UN Press Releases Highlight Intersex Infanticide and IGM in Nepal

Nepali intersex advocates Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai together with StopIGM.org submitted a Joint Thematic Intersex NGO Report (PDF) to the Committee, containing compelling evidence of the serious human rights violations of intersex children in Nepal, including infanticide, child abandonment, intersex genital mutilation and other harmful practices.

StopIGM.org was following live in Geneva, hoping for tough questions for the Nepali delegation, and yet another stern reprimand for Nepal for harmful practices on intersex children at the end of the 71st CEDAW session:

Session 1, Tue 23.10.2018, 10-13h CET

12:36h: (Video @ 02:36:24)YAY!! Committee expert and Country co-rapporteur Madame Gladys Acosta Vargas (Peru) raises harmful practices on intersex children including IGM, asking about statistics and referring to the previous reprimand to Nepal by the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)! :-) Unofficial Translation from Original Spanish:

«Thank you very much chairperson, I would also like to ask an additional question regarding intersex people. The human rights violations to which they are subjected have already been brought to the attention of the state party by the Committee on the Rights of the Child in 2016, and we would like to know if corrective measures have been taken to ensure that these violations of the rights of intersex people, whatever their age, do not happen again.

I would like to know if there are statistics on these surgeries, it would be appropriate to investigate each of these cases, and above all to take legislative measures to prohibit any type of sexual mutilation without the consent of the person, as well as chemical treatments with hormonal impact.

Physicians and all health professionals should be educated and trained to avoid unnecessary surgical or other interventions that violate the rights of intersex children.»

Session 2, Tue 23.10.2018, 15-17h CET

 

Not entireley surprising, the Nepali Delegation failed to provide any answers on intersex – same as with the written Committee questions in the previous List of Issues (CEDAW/C/NPL/Q/6, para 8 (d)) ... :-(

So now we're hoping for strong Concluding Observations!

UPDATE!! Nepal reprimanded for harmful practices - again! 

2018-CEDAW-Nepal-NGO-Intersex-IGMM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepal: 2018 CEDAW Report
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
Infanticide + IGM in Nepal  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (328 kb)

>>> 2018 CEDAW Joint Intersex Statement Nepal (PDF)
>>> Timeline Nepal CEDAW 2018

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Sunday 28 October 2018

Intersex Awareness Day 2018: The Struggle for Justice Continues

“Human Rights For Hermaphrodites Too!”: 1st Intersex Protest at Zurich University Children's Hospital, 06.07.2008

Human Rights For Hermaphrodites Too!Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook26 October is Intersex Awareness Day.

This year we would like to recall the suffering of the victims of soon-to-be 60 years of systematic IGM practices, in the establishment and dissemination of which the Zurich University Children's Hospital (Kispi) played an important role globally (see CRC NGO Report, PDF p. 54–56).

And to protest once more against the appalling injustice, how to this day the dignity of IGM survivors and their right to truth, justice and reparation are disgracefully trampled on by those responsible.

Zurich University Children's Hospital: Destruction of medical records instead of reappraisal

An example of this is the shocking story of Erich Marti (see CRC NGO Report, PDF p. 54–56), who was subjected to unnecessary cosmetic genital surgery at Kispi Zurich in 1945 and 1946, whereupon his operated genital became extremely touch-sensitive, so that it always hurts strongly when aroused. Like most Intersex children, Erich Marti was lied to all his life – by his parents, by the Kispi doctors and by his family doctor. To this day he does not know what was done to him as a child and suffers from this uncertainty.

When in 2016 the Children's Hospital and the University of Zurich announced that, as part of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) Project No. 169575, they would be “reviewing” the treatment of children with variations of sex development (DSD) at the Zurich University Children's Hospital and making the medical records available to those affected in the Zurich State Archives, Erich Marti regained hope – only to be shamefully deceived and bitterly disappointed again.

Despite protests from persons concerned, the Zurich Children's Hospital and University had about 80% of all relevant medical records destroyed beforehand – apparently also those of Erich Marti (see 2017 CAT NGO Report, PDF p. 9). For when he, with the support of the human rights group Zwischengeschlecht.org, asked the State Archives for access, his medical records were no longer there – the only thing left was an entry in the register, which confirmed, however, that Erich Marti had been operated twice in the pediatric surgery department of the Kispi in 1945 and 1946!

Mon 29.10.2018: Non-partisan initiative in the Cantonal Council of Zurich

Intersex: No Reckoning, No Reconciliation! Next Monday, a non-partisan initiative will be submitted to the Cantonal Council of Zurich – more on this soon!

After an interpellation in the National Council and the motion in the Cantonal Council of Geneva, this is already the 3rd parliamentary initiative in Switzerland this year due to the work of StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org.

We are also staying on the ball internationally: Due to a joint shadow report and testimonies of IGM survivors, Mexico was condemned for the first time this year by a UN treaty body – as were Liechtenstein, Luxembourg Spain and Argentina! There were further condemnations this year for Chile, Australia and New Zealand. And the Women's Rights Committee CEDAW questioned Nepal this week – hopefully followed by another reprimand for "harmful cultural practices" on Intersex children in November.

We wish everyone a fighting Intersex Awareness Day 2018!

Hermaphrodites With Attitude, Boston 26.10.1996On 26 October, Intersex People, Survivors, Partners, Families, Friends and Allies around the globe celebrate Intersex Awareness Day, commemorating the very first INTERSEX PROTEST in Boston in 1996 against the Annual Convention of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and in support of over 20 Years of Organised Struggle to End INTERSEX GENITAL MUTILATIONS.

See also:
- Celebrating Intersex Awareness Day 2017 
- USA Recognise Intersex Awareness Day 2017 - Mutilations Continue ...
- IAD 2016: Soon 20 UN Reprimands for Intersex Genital Mutilations!
- Intersex Awareness Day 2015: Nonviolent Intersex Protest @ Zurich State Parliament
- 'Boston '96 was a PROTEST!' Happy 10th Intersex Awareness Day 2013!

>>> Intersex: How to Distinguish Medical Crimes from Health Care

“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for Intersex Genital Mutilations – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Tuesday 23 October 2018

UN Press Releases Highlight Intersex Infanticide and IGM in Nepal

>>> UN CEDAW71 to investigate Intersex Genital Mutilation in Nepal 

Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org) presented the Joint Intersex Statement on behalf of the Nepali intersex community.
The entire CEDAW meeting with NGOs was also transmitted live and will be archived at webtv.un.org.

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookBoth the English and the French UN press releases on the informal meeting of the Committee on the Elimination of the Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) with NGOs from Nepal, Congo, Bahamas and Samoa which was held on Monday 22.10.2018 highlight the Joint Intersex Oral Statement (PDF) on the serious human rights violations facing intersex children in Nepal:

>>> Full English UN Press Release

Statements by Non-Governmental Organizations

Nepal

[...]

StopIGM spoke on behalf of the peers from Nepal who could not afford to travel to Geneva, calling attention to intersex genital mutilation, which remained a growing practice in Nepal.  Infanticide and child abandonment were frequent.  There were reports of expulsion of adolescents from their families, of forced marriage to avoid conspicuousness, of bullying and abuse, and preventing intersex children from attending school.

>>> Full French UN Press Release

Audition d'organisations de la société civile

S'agissant du Népal

[...]

StopIGM.org a fait état de violences et de harcèlement contre les enfants intersexués au Népal, dénonçant notamment les mutilations génitales et le refus de scolarisation dont ils sont victimes.  

>>> UN CEDAW71 to investigate Intersex Genital Mutilation in Nepal 

UPDATE!! Nepal reprimanded for harmful practices - again! 

2018-CEDAW-Nepal-NGO-Intersex-IGMM

Intersex Genital Mutilations in Nepal: 2018 CEDAW
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Reproductive Anatomy
Infanticide + IGM in Nepal  Complicity of the State  Harmful Practice
>>> Download as PDF (328 kb)

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM as a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights in Geneva 26.–27.10.2015
>>> Download PDF (831kb) 

Tuesday 2 October 2018

CESCR64 Germany > UN criticises "unnecessary operations on intersex children" - Gov promises "legislation"

UPDATE!!  UN-CESCR obliges Germany to "prohibit" IGM! (see below)

IGM = CRIME, Not 'Health Care' or 'Therapy'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookThe UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) reviewed the human rights record of Germany under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights during its 64th session in Geneva. Committee experts were "very concerned" about IGM and asked about legal protections, while Germany admitted that “Data on surgeries performed on intersex children were not being collected”, promising once more to finally take action (soon):

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights meets with civil society from Argentina, Mali and Germany (UN press relase 24.09.2018)
[...]
Discussion on Germany
Statement from the national human rights institution

CLAUDIA MAHLER, German Institute for Human Rights [...]  Finally, intersexed children were still victims of often irreversible surgery, Ms. Mahler said.”

(The German Institute for Human Rights, in its 2017 NHRI report (PDF, p. 9, item 7) had already raised “medically unnecessary and deferrable operations and therapies” and, referring to CEDAW condemning IGM in Germany, also “legal steps [...] to prohibit” such practices.)

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights reviews report of Germany (UN press relase 25.09.2018)
[...]
Follow-up Questions
[...] The Experts were very concerned that unnecessary operations continued to be performed on intersex children and asked what was being done to prevent such medical interventions taking place.”
[...]
Responses by the Delegation
[...]
The delegation explained that [...] Data on surgeries performed on intersex children were not being collected, but the Government had agreed that medical intervention could only be carried out if there was a risk to the child’s life or health, and would bring forward such legislation.
[...]”

StopIGM.org/Zwischengeschlecht.org applauds the national human rights institution (NHRI) German Institute for Human Rights for its continued efforts to report IGM practices to relevant human rights bodies.

Hopefully, the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) will now go beyond previous limited recommendations on intersex and IGM falling short of adequately recognising the serious violations of non-derogable human rights constituted by genital mutilation, harmful practices and cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment perpetrated on intersex children in University hospitals around the globe, but will explicitly oblige Germany to criminalise or adequately sanction IGM practices in its upcoming Concluding observations for Germany due later this month – in line with the 2016 CESCR General comment No. 22 highlighting States' non-derogable "obligation to protect", namely “to prohibit and take measures to prevent [...] medically unnecessary, irreversible and involuntary surgery and treatment performed on intersex infants or children” (E/C.12/GC/22, para 59).

UPDATE!! While still falling short of General comment 22 stressing the (non-derogable) "obligation to protect" everybody from genital mutilation, forced sterilisation etc. (in line with CAT, CCPR etc.), CESCR at least explicitly called for legal prohibition of IGM practices in Germany: "The Committee recommends that the State party take necessary measures to prohibit medically unnecessary gender confirmation surgery on intersex infants" (E/C.12/DEU/CO/6, para 24-25) Unfortunately, the language ("gender confirmation surgery") is severely misleading, however typical for the way how trans issues ("transgender-persons") are also lumped in.

>>> Intersex: How to Distinguish Medical Crimes from Health Care

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
38 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Monday 17 September 2018

Genève > Grand Conseil: Motion visant à l’interdiction des mutilations génitales intersexes (MGI)

[ English ]  [ Deutsch ]

UPDATE!  Soumission au Grand Conseil de Genéve par StopIGM.org (PDF 136 kb)

Photo: Nonviolent Intersex Protest by StopIGM.org, Geneva 25 January 2009   #CEDAW43

IGM = CRIME, Not 'Health Care' or 'Therapy'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookSuite au travail de et en consultation avec StopIGM.org/Zwischengeschlecht.org, une Motion (PDF) a été déposée au Grand Conseil de la République et canton de Genève par des député-e-s du Parti "Ensemble à Gauche", qui revendique une prohibition légale des Mutilations Génitales Intersexes (MGI), pour fournir aux personnes intersexes et leurs familles un soutien psychosocial gratuit, pour faire des enquêtes sur des MGI à Genève, et indemniser les personnes qui en ont été victimes.

La motion fait explicitement référence à des stipulations similaires dans les recommandations de 2012 de la Commission nationale d’éthique pour la médecine humaine (NEK-CNE), les 4 réprimandes de l'ONU à la Suisse pour MGI, notamment par le Comité des droits de l'enfant (CRC), le Comité contre la torture (CAT), le Comité pour l'élimination de la discrimination à l'égard des femmes (CEDAW) et le Comité des droits de l'homme (HRCttee) en tant qu'organe de suivi du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques (CCPR), ainsi qu'à la nouvelle enquête du CAT sur les MGI en Suisse -- tous des résultats directs des travaux de StopIGM.org/Zwischengeschlecht.org.

Le texte intégral de la motion propre :

«M 2491

Proposition présentée par les député-e-s :
Mmes et MM. Jean Burgermeister, Jocelyne Haller, Pablo Cruchon, Stéphanie Valentino, Olivier Baud, Pierre Bayenet, Christian Zaugg, Salika Wenger, Pierre Vanek, Jean Batou, Marjorie de Chastonay, David Martin, Katia Leonelli, Adrienne Sordet, Yves de Matteis, Yvan Rochat, Paloma Tschudi, Frédérique Perler, Delphine Klopfenstein Broggini, François Lefort, Pierre Eckert, Anne Marie von Arx-Vernon, Claude Bocquet, Diego Esteban, Salima Moyard, Jean-Charles Rielle, Léna Strasser, Caroline Marti, Nicole Valiquer Grecuccio, Alessandra Oriolo, Sylvain Thévoz, Grégoire Carasso
Date de dépôt : 12 juillet 2018

Proposition de motion

Pour en finir avec les mutilations des personnes intersexes

Le GRAND CONSEIL de la République et canton de Genève

considérant :

- le non-respect du choix des personnes concernées lors d’opérations non-urgentes sur des enfants présentant une variation de l’anatomie sexuelle à la naissance ;

- les dommages psychiques et physiques infligés aux personnes qui ont subi ce type d’opérations ;

- le fait que des hôpitaux genevois, et tout particulièrement les HUG, pratiquent ce type d’opérations ;

- le fait que la Suisse ait été condamné à quatre reprises par divers organes de l’ONU à ce sujet ;

- le fait que le Comité contre la torture de l'ONU (CAT) demande actuellement à la Suisse des informations sur les mesures prises contre les mutilations

invite le Conseil d’Etat :

- à interdire les opérations non urgentes, et sans consentement des personnes intéressées, sur des personnes présentant une variation de l’anatomie sexuelle ;

- à reconnaître de telles opérations, lorsque elles se sont déroulées sans le consentement de la personne, comme des mutilations et à indemniser les personnes qui en ont été victimes ;

- à présenter un rapport établissant un état des lieux au sujet de ces pratiques dans les hôpitaux et cliniques du canton et recensant les cas de mutilations de ce type durant les 50 dernières années ainsi que l’évolution des pratiques médicales en la matière ; 

- à garantir aux personnes intersexes le droit de prendre leurs propres décisions concernant les traitements et les soins médicaux dont elles peuvent bénéficier, sur la base d’un consentement informé ;

- à mettre sur pied un soutien psychosocial gratuit à destination des personnes intersexes et de leurs familles. »

Mettre fin à l'impunité des praticiens des MGI

StopIGM.org accueille favorablement cette motion. A notre connaissance, il s'agit de la toute première initiative politique vraiment adressant les MGI en Suisse (au lieu de simplement instrumentaliser les intersexes et les MGI pour la politique LGBT et du genre) puisque le rejet en 2017 de notre pétition 2015 aux deux Conseils fédéraux (15.2043), e référant aux affirmations contrefactuelles du gouvernement fédéral répétée depuis lors, prétendent que les MGI auraient lieux strictement "[p]ar le passé" et les "recommandations émises par la CNE qui concernent la Confédération sont mises en œuvre ou en passe de l'être".

Nous espérons que le Grand Conseil de la République et canton de Genève, ainsi que la Commission nationale de bioéthique et les organes de traités de l'ONU, ne se laissera pas tromper, mais qu'il examinera attentivement la réalité des MGI à Genève et ses conséquences néfastes durables, et reconnaisse que la MGI constitue une question non partisane et une violation grave des droits humains non-dérogables, notamment le droit à une protection contre la torture et la mutilation génitale.

Les Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève (HUG) sont des praticiens et défenseurs bien connus de la MGI sous le couvert de l’infame "approche individuelle au cas par cas". StopIGM.org a documenté la pratique des HUG auprès de tous les organes de traités de l'ONU mentionnés comme faisant partie des preuves qui ont abouti aux 4 réprimandes de l'ONU pour la MGI en Suisse -- y compris la promotion des pratiques MGI sur la page d'accueil des HUG et des médecins des HUG rapportant publiquement une déficience ou une perte des sensations sexuelles suite à une amputation clitoridienne partielle chez des patients intersexes aux HUG (36.9°).

UPDATE!  Soumission au Grand Conseil de Genéve par StopIGM.org (PDF 136 kb)

>>> StopIGM.org > Pages françaises

>>> Le droit de choisir (RTS, le journal, 11.10.2009, 19:30) 

En Suisse, un enfant sur deux mille naît intersexuel, un cas rare que défendent certaines associations:
On a beaucoup parlé de la sud-africaine Caster Semenya, suspectée d'être hermaphrodite après son titre de championne du monde du 800 m. Une association se bat en Suisse pour que l'on n'impose plus d'opérations génitales à ces enfants dont le sexe est ambigu.

>>> Un corps, deux sexes (RTS, 36.9°, 14.11.2012) 

21’28’’ « Je crois pas qu’on a le droit de traiter la détresse des parents par de la chirurgie, je crois que c’est faux là, je crois que là on se place pas, éthiquement, sur quelque chose de correct.
On parle de traumatisme des parents, ok, ça je vous dit, je suis absolument certain qu’il y a un traumatisme extrêmement grave, alors moi je vous pose la question et je pose la question à ceux qui opèrent tôt : est-ce que ce traumatisme-là peut être effacé par le traumatisme de son enfant qu’on opère, qu’on met en salle d’opération, une fois, deux fois, trois fois, quatre fois ? Est-ce que ce traumatisme-là, n’est pas encore plus grave ? Alors moi j’estime que oui. »

23’14’’  « Las plupart ne nécessite pas de chirurgie, on opère parce qu'on pense que c'est une solution rapide et ensuite tout ira bien psychologiquement une fois que les organes génitaux correspondent à un genre quelque sois celui assigné à l'individu. Mais manifestement ce n'est pas le cas. [...]
En tôt que gynécologue je vois des patients qui ont un rétrécissement de leur ouverture vaginale, je vois des patientes, dont les sensations sont perturbées parce que l'opération touche des tissures qui sont sexuellement sensibles de même que les nerfs qui les entourent et on constate une réduction des sensations en raison de ses opérations et du tissus cicatriciel qui c'est formé. »

>>> Intersexualité: interview de Jean Martin, membre de la Commission nationale d'éthique pour la médecine (RTS INFO 12:45, 09.11.2012) 

Intersexualité: interview de Jean Martin, membre de la Commission nationale d'éthique pour la médecine
Les enfants dont le sexe n'est pas clairement défini à la naissance doivent pouvoir se prononcer eux-mêmes sur leur identité masculine ou féminine.
  

Photo: Daniela Truffer (StopIGM.org), invited speaker at Rainbow Cities Network NGO meeting, Geneva 20.11.2015

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
36 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (CCPR): IGM = Non-consensual Medical Experimentation

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Sunday 16 September 2018

Geneva > Motion Filed to Prohibit Intersex Genital Mutilation (IGM)

[ Français ]  [ Deutsch ]

Photo: Nonviolent Intersex Protest by StopIGM.org, Geneva 25 January 2009   #CEDAW43

IGM = CRIME, Not 'Health Care' or 'Therapy'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookAs a result of the work of, and in consultation with StopIGM.org/Zwischengeschlecht.org, a Motion (french, PDF) has been filed in the Great Council of the Republic and Canton of Geneva by Members of Parliament of the Party "Ensemble à Gauche", which calls for a legal prohibition of Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM), to provide free psychosocial support for intersex people and their families, to investigate cases of IGM in Geneva, and to pay compensation to IGM survivors.

The Motion explicitly refers to similar stipulations in the 2012 recommendations of the Swiss National Bioethics Commission (NEK-CNE), the so far 4 UN reprimands to Switzerland for IGM, namely by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the UN Committee against Torture (CAT), the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) as the Treaty body monitoring the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CCPR), as well as to the renewed investigation of IGM in Switzerland by CAT – all of them direct results of the work of StopIGM.org/Zwischengeschlecht.org.

The full text of the Motion in English:

Continue reading...

Friday 3 August 2018

CEDAW70 > TRANSCRIPT + VIDEO: Mexico Questioned Over Intersex Genital Mutilation by UN - Gov Admits "Practice", Ignores Redress

[ E s p a ñ o l ]

>>> Mexico, Australia, New Zealand and Liechtenstein reprimanded for IGM by UN-CEDAW

UN-CEDAW 70th Session @ Palais des Nations, Geneva 06.07.2017: Getting ready ...
On the right (below the screen): Madame Arocha, who asked the question on intersex,
discussing with Daniela Truffer and Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookStopIGM.org, Brújula Intersexual and Vivir y Ser Intersex, with the support of Adiós Al Futuro and Intersex y Andrógino, Yo Intersexual and Eva Alcántara presented a comprehensive NGO Report on the Situation of Intersex People in Mexico to CEDAW (2018), which demonstrates that intersex genital mutilation practices continue to be carried out in public hospitals in Mexico, and on 05.07.2018 briefed the Committe with a Joint intersex Statement.

During the 70th Session of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Mexico was questioned about Intersex Genital Mutilation – and while the Delegate didn't reply to the part of the question about "punish[ing]" perpetrators, she at least was honest about the persisting practice:

« We know that it is an issue that we still have the task of reaching the base of the national health system, disseminating and eliminating the practices that are persisting, both in counseling and in the performance of surgical interventions in this regard [...] »

Session 2, Fri 06.07.2018, 15-17h

>>> VIDEO: Watch the entire Session in Spanish and English on UN Web TV

Ms. Magalys Arocha Dominguez (CEDAW Vice-Chairperson and Head of Task Force for Mexico) (Video @ 1:03:47) raises intersex and IGM together with other examples of violence in health care settings. :-)
Unofficial Transcript (based on the original Spanish one):

« Thank you, Madam Chair, with your indulgence, because I really did not have time to include a question I had, which is actually a follow-up to something we have seen since the morning, which has to do with the intersectionality of discrimination in general; and in the case of health in particular, the situation that certain groups face with the health services themselves.

There are things that I do not like to ask under the health article, because in fact there are certain groups, especially disability, the problems of the LBTI community, which are generally medicalised, are seen from a very medical point of view, as problems of disorders.... and that should not be the approach, it must be a human rights point of view, therefore, receive my question as a concern in this area, but it must be seen in a more general framework, there in articles 1 and 2, where this was briefly mentioned this morning.

I would just like to ask if in the health services... what has the Mexican state done, if there are resources for this, if there is training for medical personnel in general for care, first of all for the groups of women with disabilities in general, and in particular indigenous and Afro-descendant women with disabilities who are often more vulnerable to access to health services, and this access to comprehensive health care, as an issue that also has to do with the development of their capacities, of their potential, and not only of people with a degree of disability, in a degree of exclusion from social life, and the issue, above all, of an informed, inclusive sexuality that also recognizes that people with disabilities have these rights. So I would like to know what progress has been made, what the limitations are, where we are going in Mexico on this issue.

And a next issue has to do with this same approach to the LBTI population, which yes, we are talking about the LBTI population but the needs of lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women are completely different, including in the health field and in other areas. But in the health field in particular, I would like to emphasize only the issue that civil society organizations and other alternative sources have brought us here, too, about the violations that have occurred in the past and that still exist in many places, and that we must try to rebuild the social fabric of people affected by intersex genital mutilation in times when it was not well known, we all know that times have changed, but how are we working in the Mexican state in the medical capacity to order this situation, to prevent, to deal with, and to punish when there is a wrongful malpractice? […]

Ms. Aurora del Rio Zolezzi (Deputy Director General of Gender Equality at the National Centre for Gender Equality and Reproductive Health, Ministry of Health) (Video @ 01:12:03) replies on intersex, admitting that IGM is still an issue in Mexico – but ignoring the question about what Mexico does “to deal with, and to punish when there is a wrongful malpractice”: :-/
Unofficial Transcript (based on the original Spanish one):

« Thank you, good afternoon again. In Mexico, as part of the programs related to equality, for the incorporation of the gender equity and human rights perspective, in the areas of gender equality and human… »

Chairperson [interrupts]: «Sorry, just please go directly to Madame Arocha's questions.»

Ms. Aurora del Rio Zolezzi [continues]: « OK, yes, thank you, […]

In terms of guaranteeing access to all persons with disabilities, indigenous and Afro-Mexican persons, staff have been trained in human rights, sexual diversity, interculturality, inclusive communication and non-discrimination. On average, 18,000 public servants a year are trained in these subjects. […]

As for LBTTTI populations, and in particular the issue of intersex and genital mutilation in persons born with intersex characteristics there is... recently, it is a very recent protocol that was published in the country, which was developed by experts from different institutions, it is the protocol for the care of sexually diverse and intersex persons, in which there is a specific guide for the care of people living with intersex, with characteristics of an intersex state, and which establishes the need not to carry out surgical interventions, especially irreversible surgeries, in early childhood. We know that it is an issue that we still have the task of reaching the base of the national health system, disseminating and eliminating the practices that are persisting, both in counseling and in the performance of surgical interventions in this regard [...] »
   

Cover: 2018 CEDAW Mexico Intersex NGO Report

IGM in Mexico: CEDAW Intersex NGO Report

>>> English (PDF 559 kb)   >>> Summary (PDF)
>>> Español (PDF 513 kb)

Compiled by:
Brújula Intersexual
Vivir y Ser Intersex
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

• CEDAW70 Intersex Testimony Mexico: IGM State-sponsored - Gov Fails to Act
Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Liechtenstein reprimanded for IGM by UN-CEDAW

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
36 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Tuesday 24 July 2018

Mexico-AU-NZ-LI: UN Condemns Intersex Genital Mutilation #CEDAW70

[ E s p a ñ o l ]

On the way to the CEDAW70 examination of Mexico: Place des Nations, Geneva 06.07.2018

IGM = CRIME, Not 'Health Care' or 'Therapy'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookMonday 23.07.2018 has been a particularly good day for intersex human rightsliterally around the globe! On this day the 70th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) unmistakably and publicly condemned intersex genital mutilation and lack of adequate support for intersex children and their families as serious human rights violations in no less than four countries in South America, Oceania and Europe – namely Mexico, Australia, New Zealand and Liechtenstein! YAY!!!!

We welcome these clear verdicts, marking
  •
the 1st UN reprimand for IGM for both Mexico and Liechtenstein
  the 2nd UN reprimand for IGM for both Australia and New Zealand
 
the 1st ever UN reprimand for extraterritorial violations connected to IGM
  •
the 8th-11th reprimand for IGM by UN CEDAW
  •
in total 36 UN Treaty body reprimands for IGM so far 
  •
now 22 states reprimanded in Europe, South America, Africa, Asia and Oceania.

StopIGM.org together with Brújula Intersexual and Vivir y Ser Intersex in collaboration with Adiòs Al Futuro and Intersex y Andrógino submitted an extensive Intersex NGO report for Mexico demonstrating the ongoing practice and the complicity of the State party's public health system, as well as further Intersex NGO reports for New Zealand and Liechtenstein by StopIGM.org highlighting extraterritorial violations, and briefed Committee members on all countries in public and private hearings and/or personal communications. Intersex Human Rights Australia (IHRA) submitted an Intersex NGO report for Australia.

Analysis: IGM = Crime, NOT “Health Care”

These latest binding recommendations on intersex and IGM first published on 23.07.2018 by the UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW) strongly re-affirm the non-derogable obligations of State parties on all continents and in all regions to

  • “Adopt necessary provisions explicitly prohibiting the performance of unnecessary surgical or other medical treatment on intersex children until they reach an age when they can give their free, prior and informed consent” 
  • “provide families of intersex children with adequate counselling and support”
  • “provide redress to intersex persons having undergone medical treatment” 

This is a timely reminder that – unlike “clear legislative provisions explicitly prohibiting” IGM – mere “self-regulation” by the current perpetrators (i.e. doctors, medical bodies and Ministries of Health)  a.k.a. “new Health Care Protocols” won't stop IGM nor end the impunity of IGM practitioners and accessories, as such protocols constitute only “limited provisions” and in no way “effective” means to prevent further pain and suffering caused by IGM and the lack of adequate support.

We particularly welcome that CEDAW70 overwhelmingly recognised IGM and the lack of adequate support for intersex people and families to constitute “harmful practices” according to the Convention (just like e.g. FGM, forced marriage or “honour killings”), namely in the case of Mexico, Australia and New Zealand, explicitly referring to CEDAW art. 5(a) and the CEDAW-CRC Joint General Recommendation No. 31/18 on harmful practices. And that the Committee explicitly criticised “lack of effective remedies” and lack of access to “redress” for IGM survivors in Mexico, Australia and New Zealand, and for these countries further explicitly stipulated to “provide families of intersex children with adequate counselling and support”.

While we deeply regret that in the case of the Concluding Observations for Liechtenstein the Committee referred not to CEDAW art. 5 (stereotypes and harmful practices) but to art. 12 (health), we recognise that CEDAW nonetheless obliged all countries – including Liechtenstein! – to “specifically prohibit” IGM practices a.k.a. non-consensual unnecessary genital surgery and other procedures on intersex children. (Though we really wish the Committee hadn't again in the case of Liechtenstein wrongly referred to IGM practices as “sex reassignment surgery”, as this is seriously misleading (PDF, p. 8-9)).

And we particularly welcome that in the case of Liechtenstein the Committee for the first time reprimanded a State party for extraterritorial violations connected to IGM (as the small country of Liechtenstein sends its intersex children to specialised contractual clinics in neighbouring states to be submitted to IGM, namely to Switzerland and Austria, see NGO Report (PDF), p. 10-14), and that CEDAW70 further raised extraterritorial violations during its examination of New Zealand in Geneva, as also New Zealand is sending intersex children abroad for IGM, namely to RCH Melbourne in Australia (see NGO Report (PDF), p. 10-13). Further known countries involved in extraterritorial violations connected to IGM include Luxembourg sending children to Belgium, as well as Ireland to the UK – and Malta to both.
      

CEDAW70: All Intersex Recommendations + Reports

1.  Mexico: Binding CEDAW70 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Concl Obs:
CEDAW/C/MEX/CO/9, 20 July 2018, para 21 – 22
>>> IGM in Mexico: Intersex NGO Report (PDF) | Summary (PDF)
>>> Testimony:
IGM State-sponsored - Gov Fails to Act

Harmful practices

21.    The Committee notes with concern:

The limited provisions prohibiting unnecessary medical procedures on intersex children and the inadequate support and lack of effective remedies for intersex persons, who have undergone medically unnecessary surgical procedures.

22.    In light of the joint general recommendation/general comment No. 31 of the Committee and No. 18 of the Committee of the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)    Adopt necessary provisions explicitly prohibiting the performance of unnecessary surgical or other medical treatment on intersex children until they reach an age when they can give their free, prior and informed consent; and provide families of intersex children with adequate counselling and support.
        

2.  Australia: Binding CEDAW70 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Concl Obs:
CEDAW/C/AUS/CO/8, 20 July 2018, paras 25(c) – 26(c)
>>> IGM in Australia: Intersex NGO Report (PDF) 

Harmful practices

25.    The Committee takes note of the State party’s commitment to provide women who are victims of forced marriage with support, regardless of their cooperation with the prosecution authorities. It is concerned, however, at:

[…]

(c)    The conduct of medically unnecessary procedures on intersex infants and children before they reach an age when they are able to provide their free, prior and informed consent, and at inadequate support and counselling for families with intersex children and remedies for victims;

[…]

26.    Recalling the Joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices, the Committee recommends that the State party ensure adequate protection and support to victims of forced marriage regardless of their collaboration with the prosecution authorities, and:

[…]

(c)    Adopt clear legislative provisions explicitly prohibiting the performance of unnecessary surgical or other medical treatment on intersex children before they reach the legal age of consent, implement the recommendations of the 2013 Senate inquiry on involuntary or coerced sterilisation of intersex persons, provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support, and provide redress to intersex persons having undergone medical treatment;

[...]
  

3.  New Zealand: Binding CEDAW70 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Concl Obs:
CEDAW/C/NZL/CO/8, 20 July 2018, paras 23(c) – 24(c)
>>> IGM in New Zealand: Intersex NGO Report (PDF) | Summary (PDF)
>>> Gov Lies + Denies:
TRANSCRIPT + VIDEO of Intersex Q&A in Geneva, 12.07.2018

Discriminatory stereotypes and harmful practices

23.    While noting the efforts made by the State party to eliminate negative stereotypes affecting women, the Committee expresses concerns at:

[…]

(c)        The conduct of medically unnecessary procedures on intersex infants and children before they reach an age when they are able to provide their free, prior and informed consent, and at inadequate support and counselling for families with intersex children and remedies for victims.

24.    The Committee recommends that the State party […]

[…]

(c)        Adopt clear legislative provisions explicitly prohibiting the performance of unnecessary surgical or other medical treatment on intersex children before they reach the legal age of consent, provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support, and provide redress to intersex persons having undergone medical treatment.
    

4.  Liechtenstein: Binding CEDAW70 Intersex Recommendations
>>> Download Concl Obs:
CEDAW/C/LIE/CO/5, 20 July 2018, paras 35 + 36(c)
>>> IGM in Liechtenstein: Intersex NGO Report (PDF) 
>>> Testimony:
Extraterritorial Violations (PDF) | UN Web TV (44'45'')

[...]

35.    […] The Committee is further concerned about the performance of medically irreversible sex reassignment surgery on intersex persons from Liechtenstein in neighbouring countries at its request. […]

36.    The State party should:

[…]

(c)    Specifically prohibit non-consensual sex reassignment surgery on intersex persons and develop and implement a rights-based health-care protocol for intersex children that requires their informed consent about the performance of medically irreversible sex reassignment surgery;

[…]    

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
36 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Saturday 21 July 2018

Pakistan > Intersex children considered "birth defects" and "transgender", parents offered surgery "to make them normal again"

STOP Intersex Genital Mutilation!Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookIntersex children in Pakistan are considered as "birth defects" and disabled, with an IGM 'charity' called "Birth Defects Foundation BDF", which is headed by prominent Pakistani IGM surgeons, “provid[ing] treatment free-of-cost to make them normal persons again”, as the doctors >>> told Pakistani newspaper The Nation:

“The Birth Defects Foundation, a local organisation, has taken up the gauntlet to bring such children with congenital genitalia birth defects out of oblivion and provide treatment free-of-cost to make them normal persons again.

"Around 100 children suffering from congenital intersex abnormality, with dominant XX hormones, are surgically converted into females enabling them to lead a normal life with ability for procreation of offspring," said Prof Dr Afzal Sheikh, an eminent Paediatric Surgeon, while conducting a follow-up session with the children getting a new lease of life out of utter despondency.”

“Out of 18 congenital birth defects, including genital disorders, the organisation is focusing on four major genital disorders among children. These disorders include intersex or ambiguity of sex; hypospadias in which phallus is curved down with urethral opening abnormally placed on ventral aspect; un-descended testis; and hernia, which are the major cause of infertility among such patients.”

Particularly, under “children suffering from congenital intersex abnormality, with dominant XX hormones” the “Foundation” is obviously targetting children diagnosed with “Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)”.

At the same time, in Pakistan intersex persons are legally considered as a subset of "transgender persons" according to the Pakistani "Transgender bill of Protections/Rights" (PDF), which promotes the following definition:

"Transgender Person" is a person who is
(i) Intersex (Khunsa) with mixture of male and female genital features or congenital ambiguities; or
(ii) Eunuch assigned male at birth, but undergoes genital excision or castration; or
(iii) a Transgender Man, Transgender Woman, KhawajaSira or any person whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the social norms and cultural expectations based on the sex they were assigned at the time of their birth”

This “landmark bill” (which has stil to be ratified by the Pakistati president) is unsurprisingly >>> universally hailed by Trans advocates as “historic” and a “victory for human rights”, despite its obvious negative consequences for intersex persons. As Leslie Jaye >>> wrote on FB: “This bill will not protect intersex ppl. What it will do is forstall future efforts to legitimately protect intersex ppl, b/c politicians will simply point ot the legisation and say ~ hey, we've already done our bit.”

How much longer?!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
32 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Friday 20 July 2018

CEDAW70 > TRANSCRIPT + VIDEO: New Zealand questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations – Gov denies again

CEDAW70 examining New Zealand @ Palais des Nations, Geneva 12.07.2018

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookAt the 70th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), in addition to Mexico, Liechtenstein and Australia, on Thursday 12 July also New Zealand was questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations – thanks to an >>> NGO report by StopIGM.org who also briefed Committee members in Geneva. As per usual, New Zealand ignored human rights obligations to ban the ongoing mutilations, announcing more funding for the perpetrators instead ...

Session 2, Thu 12.07.2018, 15-17h

>>> Archived VIDEO of entire session @ webtv.un.org

Ruth Halperin-Kaddari (CEDAW Vice-Chairperson and Head of Task Force for NZ) (Video @ 00:51:02) raises IGM and extraterritorial violations. :-)
Unofficial Transcript: 

"Secondly, an issue that is also related in fact to stereotypes [i.e. CEDAW art. 5, harmful practices], and that is the practice of the unnecessary medical or hormonal interventions that are imposed on intersex girls without their prior and informed consent. This issue was also brought up in the CRC, and it was also alerted that New Zealand not only practices this in the State party itself but also sends young children, very young children to undergo these operations out of New Zealand. So I would like you to address this issue, thank you.

Heather Janet Logie (Head of NZ Delegation, Under-Secretary for Justice) (Video @ 00:53:29) non-answers on intersex children, claims governement-funded perpetrators (specialised “paediatrics organisation”) best suited to tackle the “practice”, ignores question on extraterritorial violations. :-(
Unofficial Transcript:

"In relation to the protection of the bodily integrity of intersex children and babies in our country, I would like to particularly thank you for raising that, and to commend our human rights commission for acting to bring together a roundtable of medical practitioners, paediatricians, intersex people, family members and parliamentarians to start the process to change that practice in New Zealand, and that that has resulted in the establishment of a ministry of health funding a new paediatrics organisation focused in this area and that we are, while this is not formally on the government's agenda, there is certainly, we are watching what is happening."

IGM = CRIME, Not 'Health Care' or 'Therapy'!Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookTellingly, the mentioned New Zealand Human Rights Commission's 2017 Pre-Session NHRI Report to CEDAW misaddresses IGM – and also FGM and involuntary sterilisation – as a “Health” issue (CEDAW art. 12), whereas CEDAW overwhelmingly considers IGM a harmful practice (CEDAW art. 5(a)). Also the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) already recognised IGM in New Zealand to constitute a harmful practice (CRC art. 24(3)). On the other hand, the NZHRC 2018 CEDAW NHRI Report only mentioned intersex once – in the context of “self-identities of sex, gender, and sexually diverse people”. IGM = Violence, Torture and a Harmful Practice – NOT "Health Care“ or "Identity"!

>>> IGM in New Zealand: 2018 CEDAW NGO Report | Summary

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
32 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Wednesday 11 July 2018

CEDAW70 > Mexico > Joint Intersex NGO Statement 05.07.2018

[ E s p a ñ o l ]

Photo: Intersex statement @ CEDAW70 Mexico private briefing, Geneva 05.07.2018
Background: CEDAW Task Force Mexico members, centre: Task force coordinator and CEDAW Vice-chairperson, Ms. Magalys Arocha Dominguez (Cuba)

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookJoint intersex NGO Statement on harmful practices on intersex children in Mexico, presented at the private CEDAW Lunch briefing by an Mexican intersex advocate on behalf of reporting intersex NGOs Brújula Intersexual, Vivir y Ser Intersex and StopIGM.org:
(Wrongly announced as "Transsexual statement" [!] by the Mexican NGO coalition ... when will they ever learn?!)

I'm M, an intersex woman from Guadalajara Mexico, my diagnosis is congenital adrenal hyperplasia in the salt-losing form, and I am a survivor of Intersex genital mutilation.

I was born with ambiguous genitalia, and before the age of two the first "reduction" of the clitoris was performed with the consent of my mother. From 18 months of age to 22 years I was subjected to 6 "corrective" surgeries to as my doctors called it "retouch my clitoris" and "enlarge my vagina".

I was also submitted to other invasive procedures: constant genital examinations, also in front of student classes, and to vaginal dilations without anaesthesia, to human experimentation and to excessive doses of cortisone that gave me Cushing syndrome as a child and osteroporosis as an adult. All these procedures were paid by the Mexican state through the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) through my father’s insurance until I turned 25.

As a freelance visual artist I’m not able to pay for IMSS coverage myself because this has become much more expensive than at the time of my parents. Only then I eventually realised that for me there are other options than cortisone to stay healthy.

In Mexico there is a very diverse intersex community. Unlike the developed countries a large part of the population don’t have access to specialised medical services, especially rural and indigenous people. Therefore there are many who could escape IGM. I know people from small towns who still have their bodies intact but who suffer from ostracism and discrimination in their communities. Sometimes intersex children are killed after birth.

Some intersex children are unable to attend school due to massive bullying and the failure of schools to prevent it, or because they can’t obtain a birth certificate because of their appearance. Those who actually need intersex specific medication often find it impossible to obtain it.

Of those submitted to Intersex genital mutilation, many are suffering from lifelong consequences, including loss of sexual sensations, pain during sex, and complications requiring more and more surgery.

Something that the whole community suffers is the anxiety and depression that these experiences have left, and due to the lack of awareness of intersex human rights, most of the Mexican intersex community has remained anonymous, that explains why only I am here to testify.

>>> Intersex NGO Report + CEDAW70 Timeline Mexico 

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
32 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Wednesday 27 June 2018

"Fragments. An Intersex Experience" by Adiós Al Futuro 02.07.2018 ApsaraArts Geneva

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook [ Français ]   [ Deutsch

click to enlarge!

Intersex and IGM in Mexico   # UN CEDAW 70
"Fragments. An Intersex experience" (Mexico 2018)
Shortfilm + Talk
with Adiós Al Futuro (Proyecto Intersexual, Mexico)
Daniela Truffer & Markus Bauer (StopIGM.org)
Geneva 2 July 2018
18:30h @ ApsaraArts

Cultural space at the heart of quartier Pâquis
43, rue de Neuchâtel • 1201 Genève
Tram 15 stop Môle (or stop Cornavin and 5min walk)
Bus 1 stop Place de la Navigation 

« it's a cut
I had a catheter
it was extremely painful »

The first week in July, in Geneva the UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW) will examine intersex genital mutilations in Mexico, thanks to a collaborative NGO report from Mexico and Switzerland.

Mexican intersex visual artist Adiós Al Futuro (Proyecto Intersexual) will testify before the Committee, and will present and discuss her short film "Fragments. An Intersex experience" (Mexico 2018, 10 minutes, Spanish with English subtitles) – an unflinching look at IGM in Mexico, partly based on testimony from Mexican NGOs Brújula Intersexual and Vivir y Ser Intersex, co-rapporteurs to CEDAW.

With an introduction to intersex, IGM and human rights at the UN and on a global scale by Daniela Truffer and Markus Bauer, co-rapporteurs for StopIGM.org.

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
32 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Wednesday 6 June 2018

40 UN Reprimands for Intersex Genital Mutilations – and Counting ...

[ Last updated 07.02.2019 ]

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookThis reguarly updated list collects all reprimands by UN Treaty bodies condemning Intersex Genital Mutilations as a serious violation of non-derogable human rights.

The current count is 40 UN Treaty body reprimands for IGM practices to 23 countries in Europe (13 countries), South America (4), Asia (2), Africa (2) and Oceania (2).

The following is a breakdown of all current reprimands, including the Convention articles and General comments referred to or implied, and links to reports and all binding recommendations in full, followed by total statistic overviews per year, region/country and Treaty body/Convention:

          TABLE OF CONTENTS:
              1.  IGM Practices: UN Reprimands by Treaty Body, Year and Country
    
       2.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Year
    
       3.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Region and Country
    
       4.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Treaty Body / Convention

1.  IGM Practices: UN Reprimands by Treaty Body, Year and Country

• Committee against Torture (CAT)
   “Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”
(CAT art. 2, 12, 14, 16)
   [General comments No. 2 (implementation of art. 2) + No. 3 (implementation of art. 14)]
   2011: Germany
   2015: Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Hong Kong
   2016: France
   2018: Netherlands

• Committee on the Right of the Child (CRC)
   "Harmful practice”
(CRC art. 24(3) in conjunction with General comment No. 18):
   2015: Switzerland, Chile
   2016: France, Ireland, UK, Nepal, New Zealand, South Africa
   2017: Denmark 
   2018: Spain, Argentina  
   2019: Belgium, Italy  

• Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
   "Exploitation, violence and abuse"
(CRPD art. 16), "integrity of the person” (art. 17):
   2015: Germany
   2016: Chile, Italy, Uruguay 
   2017: UK, Morocco

• Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
   “Harmful practice”
(CEDAW art. 5 in conjunction with General recommendation No. 31):
   2016: France, Switzerland, Netherlands
   2017: Germany, Ireland
   2018: Chile, Luxembourg, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Liechtenstein, Nepal 

• Human Rights Committee (HRCttee – CCPR)
   “Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”, “harmful practice”,
   “non-consensual medical or scientific experimentation“
(CCPR art. 7, 9, 17, 24, 26)
   2017: Switzerland, Australia 

2.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Year

2009:   0   (first intersex NGO report considered by a UN Treaty body)
2010:  
0
2011:
   1
2012:   0
2013:   0
2014:   0
2015:   7   (start of intersex NGO reports by StopIGM.org being considered)
2016: 13
2017:   7   (continued massive instrumentalising and misrepresentation by LGBT NGOs)
2018:  10 
2019:   2
(as of 7 February)

3.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Region and Country

Europe (13 countries, 25 reprimands):
Switzerland (4 reprimands), France (3), Germany (3), Ireland (2), UK (2), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), Italy (2), Austria (1), Spain (1), Luxembourg (1), Liechtenstein (1), Belgium (1)

South America (4 contries, 6 reprimands):
Chile (3 reprimands), Uruguay (1), Argentina (1), Mexico (1)

Asia (2 countries, 3 reprimands):
Nepal (2 reprimands), Hong Kong (1)

Africa (2 countries, 2 reprimands):
South Africa (1 reprimand), Morocco (1)

Oceania (2 countries, 4 reprimands):
New Zealand (2 reprimands), Australia (2)

4.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Treaty Body / Convention

Committee on the Right of the Child (CRC): 13
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW): 12
Committee against Torture (CAT): 7
Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): 6
Human Rights Committee (HRCttee / CCPR): 2

Hermaphrodites With Attitude, Boston 26.10.1996This list was first published on IAD 2016: On 26 October, Intersex People, Survivors, Partners, Families, Friends and Allies around the globe celebrate Intersex Awareness Day, commemorating the very first INTERSEX PROTEST in Boston in 1996 against the Annual Convention of the American Academy of Padiatrics (AAP), and in support of over 20 Years of Organised Struggle to End INTERSEX GENITAL MUTILATIONS.

>>> Intersex: How to Distinguish Medical Crimes from Health Care

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women's Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee-CCPR) condemns IGM Practices

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview  What is Intersex?  How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor's Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)  

Sunday 27 May 2018

Communiqué de presse de l'ONU sur le refus de l'Argentine de reconnaître les Mutilations Génitales Intersexes

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Un récent >>> Communiqué de presse de l'ONU sur l'examen de l'Argentine fait mention des questions du Comité et des (non-)réponses de la délégation Argentine sur les mutilations génitales intersexes (MGI) lors de la 78ème session du Comité des droits de l'enfant (CDE), affirmant faussement que la pratique médicale préjudiciable involontaire n'aurait plus lieu en Argentine, et niant en outre tout obstacle à l'accès à la justice et à la réparation pour les survivants des MGI en Argentine :

« Examen du rapport

Questions et observations des membres du Comité

[…] Une autre experte a demandé si des mesures avaient été prises pour prévenir les actes chirurgicaux qui visent à donner un sexe spécifique à un nouveau-né avant que cet enfant ait pu exprimer son souhait à cet égard.  […]

Présentation du rapport

Réponses de la délégation

[…] Un enfant sur 4000 naît sans que son sexe puisse être déterminé, a poursuivi la délégation.  Les personnels concernés doivent alors fournir des informations adéquates aux parents.  Ces dernières années, les opérations chirurgicales aux conséquences irréversibles ont été repoussées – sauf si la vie de l’enfant est en danger – afin d’attendre que l’enfant ait atteint un âge où il puisse donner son avis et faire part de son souhait quant au sexe qu’il désire.  Des enfants qui auraient subi une intervention chirurgicale sans leur consentement ont toujours la possibilité de porter plainte en justice, a ajouté la délégation. […] »

>>> VIDEO: Argentina questioned by UN Committe on the Rights of the Child

See also:
31 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) condems IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
UN Women's Rights Committe (CEDAW) 2016: IGM = Harmful Practice

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Sunday 20 May 2018

UN Press Release on Argentina's Denial of Intersex Genital Mutilations

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

A recent >>> UN Press Release on the review of Argentina reports the Committee questions and the Argentinian Delegation's (non-)answers on Intersex Genital Mutilations during the 78th CRC Session, falsely claiming involuntary harmful medical practice would no longer take place in Argentina, and further denying any obstactles to access to justice and redress for IGM survivors in Argentina:

« Questions by the Committee Experts

[...] KIRSTEN SANDBERG, Committee Expert and Rapporteur for Argentina, [...] further inquired about measures taken to avoid any medical treatment to assign sex to children before they could assert their own autonomy in that respect. [...]

Replies by the Delegation

[...] Regarding the issue of intersex children’s surgical procedures, in order to prevent unwanted interventions, an interdisciplinary medical team could declare that no surgery could take place on intersex babies in the perinatal stage.  In certain situations, if a procedure was required, doctors would seek the least invasive route.  Also, the delegate continued, no surgeries would be conducted on intersex children until they declared their perceived sex themselves and determined what sort of hormonal treatment they would require.  Recent statistics found that 1.4 per cent of children associated themselves as intersex. [= lost in simultaneous translation: actually the delegate said "1 in 4 thousand“, see video spanish @ 12:25 – however, a more appropriate figure would be 1-2 in 1 thousand, see 2015 Report, p. 25. ] [...]

Questions by the Committee Experts

Following up on the question about intersex children, an Expert asked if there was access to justice for children who had received undesired surgical interventions?

Replies by the Delegation

The delegation said the Argentinian justice system was open to anyone who had a complaint to file, including intersex persons. [...] »

Nonetheless, at StopIGM.org we're hopeful that the Committee won't have put the wool over their eyes, but will honour the strong, substantiated evidence proving the ongoing harmful practice in Argentinian University Children's Hospitals and will issue strong "Concluding Observations" on IGM to the complicit State party after the end of the 78th CRC Session.

>>> VIDEO: Argentina questioned by UN Committe on the Rights of the Child

See also:
31 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) condems IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
UN Women's Rights Committe (CEDAW) 2016: IGM = Harmful Practice

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Monday 14 May 2018

CRC78 > VIDEO: Argentina questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilation by UN Committee on the Rights of the Child – Gov denies

CRC78 examining Argentina @ Palais Wilson, Geneva 14.05.2018 – just kicking off ...

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

At the 78th Session of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Argentina was questioned over intersex and Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM) on
Mon 14.05.2018 15-18h CET + Tue 15.05.2018 10-13h CET
>>> VIDEO Session 1 | Session 2 (english + español)

Justicia Intersex, Brújula Intersexual and StopIGM.org submitted an extensive Thematic NGO report to the Committee providing solid eveidence of IGM practices in Argentina and of the complicity of the State party. In addition, the Thematic NGO report has been endorsed by the Coordinadora de Profesionales por la Prevención de Abusos (CoPPA) – many thanks!>>> PDF English | Español  

StopIGM.org was reporting LIVE from Palais Wilson, hoping the Committee will raise and condemn IGM practices in Argentina!

Session 1, Mon 14.05.2018, 15-18h CET

>>> Session 1 Video (English and Español)

17:23h: YAY!! CRC expert and Task force member Prof. Kirsten Sandberg (of CRC68, CRC72 [1], CRC72 [2], CRC73 fame) raises intersex Genital Mutilations, asking about measures to prevent unnecessary surgery and other treatments on intersex children before they're able to consent! :-) (Full transcription to follow)

17:36h: CRC Rapporteur and Task force member Prof. Jorge Cardona Llorens asks about involuntary sterislisatin of children with disabilities.

17:59h: Session adjourned. Tomorrow Argentina will have to answer on IGM!

Session 2, Tue 15.05.2018, 10-13h CET

>>> Session 2 Video (English and Español)

10:15h: Non-answers on intersex by Delegation member Sra. Diana Fariña (Ministry of Health, Director of Maternity and Infancy of the Nation). As per usual claims the "very thorough" Law 26.743 Gender Identity Law would also prevent IGM, while in fact it reportedly fails intersex children (see NGO Report PDF p. 16-17). (Full transcription to follow)

10:20h: YAY!! Follow-up question on intersex by Committee expert and CRC Vice Chairperson Mr. José Angel Rodríguez Reyes (of CRC71 and CRC77 fame), asking about data collection and access to justice for IGM survivors. :-) (Full transcription to follow)

10:21h: Follow-up (non-) answer on intersex, again by Delegation member Sra. Diana Fariña! (Full transcription to follow)

Next month, at the end of its 78th session or soon after, the Committe will publish its "Concluding Observations", hopefully with yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices, and the first for Argentina ...

>>> 2017: Argentina questioned by UN Committe against Torture

See also:
31 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) condems IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
UN Women's Rights Committe (CEDAW) 2016: IGM = Harmful Practice

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

Zwischengeschlecht.org on Facebook

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

>>> Download PDF (831kb)

StopIGM.org Policy on Reporting to UN Treaty Bodies

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Human Rights For Hermaphrodites Too!

StopIGM.org regularly reports to UN Treaty bodies on different countries, often in collaboration with local intersex advocates and organisations. Our goal is to obtain as many and as strong "Concluding Observations" recognising intersex and IGM as a serious violation of non-derogable human rights as possible, in order to increase the pressure on IGM perpetrators. Our work substantially contributed to the so far 31 UN reprimands for IGM. In our experience collaborative reports are more effective than individual ones, but the most important factor is the quality of the evidence and testimonies provided. Recently there have been questions about how we submit reports and collaborate with local intersex advocates and organisations. We welcome this opportunity to outline our policy, and appreciate feedback and comments.

StopIGM.org: Policy on Submitting Country Reports on Intersex and IGM to UN Treaty Bodies

  • We only submit reports when we feel there is substantial evidence and/or personal testimony corroborating IGM practices and the complicity of the State party in question to have at least a fighting chance to obtain strong recommendations, and to continue to do so in the future
  • We always consult with local intersex advocates and organisations
  • We always offer collaborating (i.e. writing a report together), coordinating (writing separate reports, but coordinate) or further consulting (keeping each other/the others in the loop) with any local intersex advocate and organisation, and generally with anyone capable of contributing, to be able to submit the best possible report(s) in order to obtain the strongest possible recommendations
  • We always give due credit to local and other intersex advocates and organisations strictly based on merit, and always give sources for evidence we use
  • In case of local intersex advocates or organisations declining to collaborate/coordinate/further consult, we reserve the right to submit reports either in collaboration with other local intersex advocates or organisations, or on our own
  • In case of other advocates or organisations not honouring their promises/commitments/deadlines or resorting to tactics incompatible with constructive collaboration (e.g. plagiarism, smearing or bullying), we reserve the right to proceed with submitting public referenced evidence without further consultation, collaboration and/or coordination, until further constructive collaboration, coordination and/or consultation is possible again

See also:
31 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting ...
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) condems IGM Practices
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

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Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights

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